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  1. La Revue: Les verbes –ER Et Le partitif

  2. La norm: Comparisons 4.1 Understanding the nature of language How is a « regular verb »? How are regular –ER verbs conjugated?

  3. One last thing! • To make a sentence negative ne … pas is put around the verb. • Je ne travaille pas après l’école (I don’t work after school.) • If the verb begins with a vowel or silent ‘h’, then ne becomes n’ • Je n’aime pas les maths! • I don’t like math!

  4. La fomrule: • Stem + endings = conjugated verb Stem = infinitive – ER *The infinitive is the form of the verb before it is conjugate, when it still has its « ending » on. Endings:

  5. Je parle Tu parles Il Elle parle On Nous parlons Vous parlez Ils/elles parlent Parler

  6. So, what does ‘Je parle’ mean? • Je parle = I talk I am talking I do talk Nous parlons = We talk We are talking We do talk

  7. J’ aime Tu aimes Il Elle aime On Why did ‘Je’ become J’? Nous aimons Vous aimez Ils/elles aiment What sound will be made to link the subject and verb? Can you conjugate ‘Aimer’ – to like?

  8. One last thing! • To make a sentence negative ne … pas is put around the verb. • Je ne travaille pas après l’école (I don’t work after school.) • If the verb begins with a vowel or silent ‘h’, then ne becomes n’ • Je n’aime pas les maths! • I don’t like math!

  9. Le partitif Talking about an indefinite quantity or things in general

  10. La norm: Comparisons 4.1 Understanding the nature of language When are definit articles used? What is « le partitif »? How is it formed?

  11. Definite Articles: Le, La & Les • Used to refer to a SPECIFIC item: • Voilà le dessert There is the dessert • Le pain est sur la table The bread is on the table

  12. Used when talking about things in general: • Le chocolat est delicieux Chocolate is delicious • Je déteste les haricots verts I hate green beans

  13. Le, La & Les • Are often used with verbs that express likes and dislikes: • Aimer – to like • Adorer – to love • Préférer – to prefer • Détester – to hate J’adore le fruit mais je déteste les legumes

  14. Le partitif: Expressing ‘some’ or ‘any’ • Used to express an unspecified amount, or part of the whole • In English we say ‘some’ or ‘any’ • These words may be omitted in English • The partitif MUST be used in French: Vous avez du thé? Do you have (any) tea? Je commande de la viande. I’m ordering (some) meat

  15. Partitif = de + definite article(la, l’, le, & les) • Remember the contractions? • De + la = de la – J’ai de la crème (used with fem. sing. Nouns) • De + l’= de l’ – Je voudrais de l’eau (used with sing. Nouns – vowel) • De + le = du – Tu manges du pain? (used with masc. sing. Nouns) • De + les = des – Il achète des fruits (Used with plural nouns)

  16. Use the partitive with these verbs: • Acheter – to buy • Commander – to order • Avoir – to have • Manger – to eat • Vouloir – to want

  17. Remember Un, Une & Des in a negative sentence? • They all change to de or d’: • J’ai un livre – Je n’ai pasde livre • Il a une voiture – Il n’a pasde voiture • Ils ont des frères – Ils n’ont pasde frères