Sensory Integration. How teachers, parents, and communities can support children with Sensory Integration Dysfunction. Capstone presentation created by: Christine Budai. “.
How teachers, parents, and communities can support children with Sensory Integration Dysfunction
Capstone presentation created by: Christine Budai
Sensory integration occurs automatically in most people, so we tend to take it for granted, just as we take our heartbeat and digestion for granted.
What is Sensory Integration?
Sensory integration is the brain’s organization of physical sensations for use.
Organizes information detected by the senses
Gives meaning to what is being experienced by selecting what to focus on
Allows people to respond to stimuli in a appropriate way
Forms the foundation for academic learning and social behavior
A. Jean Ayres, Ph.D
“Sensory Integration and the Child”
What is Sensory Integration?
Proprioceptive (movement and position)
Vestibular (gravity, balance, head movement)
Visceral (inside the body)The 5 Senses and Beyond
When a child acts in an adaptive manner, we know that his brain is organizing sensations efficiently.
A large part of a child’s capacity for learning is the ability to integrate sensory information.
Close your eyes and imagine yourself in an environment that is overwhelming your senses (fire alarm, strobe light, earth quake, etc) and think of doing a complex task, or daily work…
Sensory Integration Dysfunction (SID) means that the brain is not functioning in a natural, effective manner in terms of processing input from the sensory system.
When the brain is not processing sensory input well, it usually is not directing behavior effectively, either.
Speech and language delays are common signs of SID
Poor muscle tone and coordination problems also often accompany SID
When left untreated, SID can contribute to behavior problems
SID prevents students from accessing school curriculum
SID may hinder students from making important social emotional connections at critical points in their development.Why is identifying SID Critical?
Sensory stimulation and motor activity during the years of early childhood will mold the neurons and interconnections to form sensory and motor processes
Create a plan of action
Modify curriculum to meet student’s needsWhat can teachers do?
Society is placing more emphasis on language, academic, and intellectual development, and less on building the sensorimotor foundations for these higher functions.
Play-doh, salt dough, putty, slime, etc.
Sand or water table
Scent cards, jars (herbs, spices, etc)
Passing unit related items
Cooking and eating unit based foods
Movement breaks, games, dancing
Singing songs in different voices, vollume levels
Brushing the body, rolling, squeezing
Create a quiet space away from classroom commotion
Give the child options of controlled input before transitions
Allow the child to distance himself from the activity
Work in small groups
Have noise-blocking headphones available for students
Dim lights when possible
Deep pressure activities
Help the child feel all right about himself
Control the environment
Communicate with other team members
Help the child learn how to play
Seek professional help
Remain positiveWhat can parents do?
When a child behaves poorly, a great deal of that poor behavior may come from ordinary sensations that this child cannot integrate.
“Sensory Integration and the Child: Understanding Hidden Sensory Challenges,” by A. Jean Ayers
“The Out-of-Sync Child: Recognizing and Coping with Sensory Processing Disorder,” by Carol Stock Kranowitz.
“Answers to Questions Teachers Ask about Sensory Integration,” compiled by Jane Koomer.
Sensory Processing Disorder Foundation
OTA of Watertown
124 Watertown St, Watertown, MA 02472
Sensory Learning Center,
85 Constitution Lane, Suite2A
Danvers MA 01923
Talk to your pediatrician and childcare specialist
All quotes taken from (with the exeption of slide 19)
Ayers, Jean, “Sensory Intergration and the Child: Understanding Hidden Sensory Challenges,” WPS Publishing, 2005
Koomar, Jane, “Answers to Questions Teachers Ask About Sensory Integration: Forms, Checklists, and Practical Tools,” OTA-Watertown, Future Horizons, INC, 2009
Stock, Carol, “The Out-of-Sync Child: Recognizing and Coping with Sensory Processing Disorder,” Penguin Group, NYC, 2005
Capstone Presentation created by:
Christine Budai, Graduate Students at UMASS Boston