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Figurative Language. EQ 9 & 10. Something overheard at a baseball game…. “The first baseman hit a bomb over the fence!” “The outfielder threw a frozen rope to the catcher.” “The pitcher was like a machine throwing strikes.” What are some other examples you hear at different sporting events?.

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something overheard at a baseball game
Something overheard at a baseball game…

“The first baseman hit a bomb over the fence!”

“The outfielder threw a frozen rope to the catcher.”

“The pitcher was like a machine throwing strikes.”

What are some other examples you hear at different sporting events?

go figure
Go Figure!

Figurative language creates images for the reader or listener.

Writers uses descriptions that are comparisons, repetitions, exaggerations, and imitations to make the writing more interesting and engaging.

types of figurative language
Types of Figurative Language

There are 6 types that we will focus on:

  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Personification
  • Hyperbole
  • Alliteration
  • Onomatopoeia
similes and metaphors
Similes and Metaphors

Similes and metaphors are used to compare things that are not usually seen as similar. Metaphors imply the comparison and similes state the comparison directly.

Metaphor

“That test was a bear!”

Simile

“That test was like struggling with a bear!”

that test was a bear
“That test was a bear!”

You are not saying that the test was a literal bear but that it was unpredictable and hard to deal with.

A metaphor implies a comparison in order to bring fresh, rich meaning to writing (and speaking).

that test was like struggling with a bear
“That test was like struggling with a bear!”

A simile is a comparison too, but it is directly stated. It is still non-literal language, but you still come right out and state the comparison.

Similes have signal words; as, like, than, similar to, and resembles. Be careful because these words don’t always indicate similes.

“I look like my sister,” is not a simile.

To be a simile or metaphor, the comparison

must be of essentially unlike things.

types of terms in similes and metaphors
Types of terms in Similes and Metaphors

Literal and Figurative terms

The literal term is what we are comparing to something else. It is what is real; it means what it is. The literal term in “That test was a bear!” is test.

The figurative term is what is being compared to the literal term. The figurative term means something other than itself, something non-literal. The figurative term in the metaphor is bear.

check for understanding
Check for Understanding

“I got a flood of mail yesterday.”

Metaphor or simile?

Metaphor

Literal term?

mail

Figurative term?

flood

check for understanding1
Check for Understanding

“Cindy sang like a crow.”

Metaphor or simile?

simile

Literal term?

Cindy

Figurative term?

crow

check for understanding2
Check for Understanding

“Jeff was taller than the Empire State Building.”

Metaphor or simile?

simile

Literal term?

Jeff

Figurative term?

Empire State Building

application
Application

“I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a desert state sweltering with the heat of injustice and oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.” -MLK Jr., “I Have a Dream”

1. Name 2 examples of figurative language.

Metaphor or simile? How do you know?

application1
Application

“I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a desert state sweltering with the heat of injustice and oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.” -MLK Jr., “I Have a Dream”

1. Name 2 examples of figurative language.

Metaphor or simile? How do you know?

Metaphor

application2
Application

“I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a desert state sweltering with the heat of injustice and oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.” -MLK Jr., “I Have a Dream”

1. Name 2 examples of figurative language.

Metaphor or simile? How do you know?

Metaphor

application3
Application

“I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a desert state sweltering with the heat of injustice and oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.” -MLK Jr., “I Have a Dream”

1. Name 2 examples of figurative language.

Metaphor or simile? How do you know?

Metaphor

Metaphor

application4
Application

“I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a desert state sweltering with the heat of injustice and oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.” -MLK Jr., “I Have a Dream”

2. What does figurative language add to the passage? Think about the two highlighted words.

rewrite without figurative language
Rewrite without figurative language

“I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a desert state sweltering with the heat of injustice and oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.” -MLK Jr., “I Have a Dream”

slide18
One day Mississippi, a state where some people experience injustice and oppression, will become a place where all people can have freedom and justice.

Verse

“I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a desert state sweltering with the heat of injustice and oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.”

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