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CHAPTER 18 PG 658. STARTER MERCANTILISM EXPORT IMPORT COLONY COMMERCE INVEST. EUROPEAN EXPLORATION. Starter Chapter 18 Sec 1 page 669. Create the chart on page 669 in question 3. Organize the information about each explorer in your notebook. EUROPEAN EXPLORATION.

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  3. Starter Chapter 18 Sec 1page 669 • Create the chart on page 669 in question 3. • Organize the information about each explorer in your notebook.


  5. Ch18 section 2pg 670The Scientific Revolution Starter- define these terms in your notebook. • Theory • Rationalism • Scientific method • Hypothesis

  6. Scientific Revolution • Ptolemy • Copernicus • Kepler • Galileo • Newton • Descartes • Francis Bacon

  7. Ch 18 section 3pg 680 The Enlightenment Starter- define these terms in your notebook. • Natural law • Social contract • Separation of powers • Deism • Absolutism

  8. People to meet!List these names for notes! • Thomas Hobbes • John Locke • Montesquieu • Voltaire What did these people have in common? How were they different?

  9. The Enlightenment

  10. When English politics slid into civil war in the middle of the 17th century, two philosophers in particular tried to work out what the situation might mean: • Thomas Hobbes, 1588–1679. Hobbes reckoned that people are pretty brutish, and you need a good strong state, possibly a single ruler with absolute power, to keep them in order. • John Locke, 1632–1704. Locke took a rather more optimistic view of human nature and reckoned that people are born equal, with no built-in sense of right and wrong. We are the result of what we observe and experience as we go through life; no one is 'naturally' any better than anyone else. • Baron Montesquieu, gave the U.S. it’s government ideas about separation of powers.Legislative branch, executive branch, and judical branch.

  11. France produced three thinkers who had a particularly profound impact on European thought: • Michel de Montaigne, 1533–1592. Montaigne pointed out that people in other lands had developed perfectly good codes of morality and ethics. Who was to say which set of values was better than any other? And why should anyone impose their values on other people? • René Descartes, 1596–1650. Descartes, a philosopher and mathematician, argued that, if you start from the basic point that you know you exist, or, as he put it, 'I think, therefore I am,' you can actually prove the existence of God by applying reason and mathematics. Descartes's ideas (known as Cartesian philosophy) lasted well into the 18th century and formed the basis for the Enlightenment cult of Reason. • Blaise Pascal, 1623–1662. The mathematician Pascal agreed with Descartes on the importance of mathematics, but didn't think that you could apply reason and logic to areas of faith and emotion. "The heart has its reasons," he said, "which Reason knows not."

  12. StarterChapter 18 section 4 pg 690 • Representative government • Constitution • Popular sovereignty • Limited government • Pilgrim

  13. Words to know • George Washington • Tom Paine • Thomas Jefferson • Mayflower compact • Thirteen Colonies • The Boston Massacre • The Stamp Act • The Declaration of Independence

  14. The American Revolution

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