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Use Cases Utilizing an EMS

Use Cases Utilizing an EMS

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Use Cases Utilizing an EMS

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  1. Use CasesUtilizing an EMS kirk.oatman@imincontrol.com

  2. Both Direct & Consumer Control • Thermostat • Refrigerator • Washer/dryer • Dishwasher • A/C • Pool • PEV Utility event control ESI Daily control Utility event signal EMS Continuous realtime usage readings • Lights • Motion detectors • ...

  3. Issues Both Direct & Consumer Control ESI Zigbee SE profile Secure utility HAN EMS “Unsecure” personal network Issue: Utility processes must allow EMS to register even though not a specific controlled device in rate plan Zigbee HA or other profile Fact: EMS must reside on 2 (Zigbee) logical networks Issue: Implementations of EMS Zigbee interface device require 2+ complete radios and stacks = cost & complexity Fact: EMS must use 2 (or more) Zigbee profiles

  4. Direct Control via EMS Proxy Utility event control ESI Utility event signal Daily control EMS Continuous realtime usage readings

  5. Issues Direct Control via EMS Proxy Issue: An intermediate device (EMS) must act as a proxy at the protocol level – no current requirement in OpenHAN or Zigbee ESI Secure utility HAN EMS “Unsecure” personal network Fact & issue: EMS must use 2 (or more) Zigbee profiles and 2 logical networks Issue: Utility processes must allow EMS to register as a proxy – no current requirement Issue: EMS implementation may need to be certified by utility as trusted to fulfill proxy actions

  6. Cost Incentives, No Direct Control Extended existing use case Utility event/cost control from EMS under user choice ESI • Utility event signal • Public broadcast • Cost + emergency Daily control EMS Continuous realtime usage readings

  7. Issues Cost Incentives, No Direct Control Extended existing use case ESI EMS Fact & issue: EMS must still use 2 (or more) Zigbee profiles and 2 logical networks Issue: EMS must still be registered securely to read the meter Note: The logical separation of the ESI and meter must be maintained

  8. 2 Additional Use Case Factors Apply to each previous use case ESP 2 ESP 3 Utility backhaul • DR aggregator • Renewable provider • Neighborhood microgrid Internet ESI primary ESI 2 ESI 3 EMS • PEV • Gas • Water • Local generation • Local storage • Multiple ESIs, via various routes: • Utility backhaul  primary ESI  HAN  EMS • Internet direct  EMS • Internet  home network  EMS • Multiple meters, via: • Primary ESI  HAN • Meter direct to HAN ESP = Energy Service Provider

  9. A Comprehensive Solution • Standards could apply utility-grade security to individual HAN messages • Current security credentials • Apply to all communications of all devices on a logical network • Logical and physical network are treated as one (at least in most current implementations) • Thus for one device to talk to another they must be registered on the same logical network • Potential solution (on a single logical/physical HAN) • Most messages: utilize existing wireless network security • Messages requiring higher security, privacy or confirmation: additional SEP-level security is applied at low level in the stack • Could be based on one or more of: specific message; message type; source/destination pair • Utility-controlled devices must support this higher security but inexpensive dimmers, etc, would not need to • This solves all stated issues but would be a significant architectural change