Protestant Reformation. Origins of the Reformation. Began in Germany because it lacked a strong central government Germany formed core of Holy Roman Empire, but empire included over 300 semi-independent states Some wanted independence from the Holy Roman Empire
Could also buy indulgences for salvation of their dead relatives - "Once you hear the money's ring, the soul from purgatory is free to spring."
Criticized sale of indulgences
Printed copies of Theses spreadLuther’s Protest
Ministers - only administer baptism &communion
Priesthood only calling in which people could serve God
Priests - administer 7 sacramentsLutheranism vs. Catholicism
Consistory (Church council) required citizens to attend services; inspected homes - Geneva earned title "City of God."
Sketch of the 1535 execution of leaders of the sect in Münster, and photo of the church where their corpses were displayed. The cages still remain.