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Workshop 4 - Identity Dr Anneka Anderson & Esther Willing
Learning Objectives • Describe the concepts of ethnicity and ancestry and how these concepts relate to healthcare. • Engage in effective inter-professional team communication and problem solving. • Describe your own personal identity in relation to a Māori pēpēhaframework.
Instructions • Individual TBL (5 mins) • Choose the best answer for each question • Write the letter you have chosen in the individual box • Group TBL (10 mins) • As a group choose the best answer for each question • Write the letter you have chosen in the group box • Simultaneous reporting and discussion (20 mins) • Whānau groups are asked to hold up the letter for their group response at the same time for the entire workshop to see
Question One When using an ethnicity question, to be Māori you have to: • Have Māori ancestry • Know your whānau/hapū/iwi • Speak Māori and participate in activities such as tangi, kapahaka and collecting seafood • Identify yourself as being Māori
Question Two If someone identifies themselves as “1/16th Māori,” they have: • Correctly identified their ancestry • Self-identified themselves as having Māori ethnicity • Aligned themselves to blood quantum descriptions • Provided evidence of whakapapa/genealogy
Question Three To have Māori ancestry you have to: • Identify descent from a Māori parent • Have linkages to your hapū/iwi • Have descended from a Māori princess • Self-identify as being Māori
Question Four When would it be preferable to use an ancestry definition rather than an ethnicity definition in health research? • In research on the social determinants of health • In research on the role of lifestyle behaviours and health outcomes • In research on inequalities in access to health services • In epidemiological studies that investigate genetic predisposition for certain illnesses
Take home message • Ancestry focuses on biological descent and genealogy • Ancestry data should be collected when examining genetic associations • Ethnicity is a social construct of cultural affiliation and is self-perceived • Ethnicity data should be collected when we want to understand health outcomes within social contexts