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  1. Geological Repository Development in the CZRand Public Involvement Jiří Slovák Deputy Managing Director Radioactive Waste Repository Authority Liblice, April 26, 2011

  2. Řež Praha Temelín NPP in operation Research Reactor Uranium mine Repository SF Storage Nuclear sites in the Czech Republic Richard Bratrství Dolní Rožínka Dukovany GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  3. Outlook of presentation • Technical view how to select site for GR • How many sites to prepare for the site selection process? • How to select suitable site with involving local public into site selection process? GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  4. 1. Technical view how to select site for DGR GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  5. Current HLW / SNF Management Amount • HLW 3000 m3 • SNF – NPP Dukovany – 1940 t (40 years operation) • SNF – NPP Temelin – 1790 t (40 years operation) Storage at sites of NPPs DukovanyandTemelin Final disposal at GR (operation from 2065) • Enough time for options (reprocessing, partitioning and transmutation) GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  6. RAWM Concept 2002 LLW /ILW waste • Continuing disposal into existing repository • Bratrství - 2030 • Richard - 2070 • Dukovany – 2100 HLW / SNF • Geological Repository • 2015 – Two suitable sites – main and alternate • 2025 – Approve the safety of the main site • 2030 – Construction of Underground Research Laboratory • 2065 – Commissioning of the GR • Support to R&D of P&T • International GR • A potential appreciation of GR development investments GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  7. Spent Nuclear Fuel Management • Storage at pools (ČEZ, a. s.) • After removal of SNF from reactor it is stored approx. 5 years at pools • Interim Storage of SNF • CASTOR casks • 440/84, • 1000/19 • Transport and storage container • Interim Storage Capacity at the NPP´s sites • Central Interim Storage • Skalka site • Suitable rock for construction underground storage capacity GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  8. FinalDeepGeologicalRepository (DGR) Reference Design 1999– visualisation Scandinavian disposal concept adopted for theCzech condition

  9. Future new NPPs in the CZRand estimated spent fuel production Reference design 2011 Waste amount HLW 5000 m3 SNF - EDU 1 (4 reactors) 1940 t (40 years operation) SNF - ETE 1 (2 reactors) 1790 t (40 years operation) SNF - ETE 2 and EDU 2 up to 5000 t (60 years operation) Direct disposal in Deep Geological Repository Two suitable site in 2015 Final site selection in 2025 Operation from 2065 Required space for 5 862 disposal containers 2 047 disposal containers (440 type) 1 124 disposal containers (1 000 type) 2 691 disposal containers (new type) GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  10. Geological Repository Reference design 2011 layout GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  11. Geological Repository Reference design 2011 – technical data GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  12. 2. How many sites are prepare for the site selection process? GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  13. DGR site selection in the Czech republic • Stage 1 – Evaluation of the whole territory of the Czech Republic (study of archive geological data) • Stage 2 – Narrowing the area of sites (geological research works without drilling – geological research) Government decision (June 2nd 2004) - to interrupt ongoing geological surveys at the sites until 2009 • Stage 3 – Site selection • geological survey with main methods: • surface geophysical and geochemical exploration, geological mapping • Deep boreholes drilling • the goal - suitable geology for selection 1 + 1 sites (main and alternate) GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  14. What has been done? DGR Site selection process (1) GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  15. SITES 1 Lubenec 2 Pačejov nádraží 3 Božejovice 4 Pluhův Žďár 5 Rohozná-Růžená 6 Budišov 11 1 8 7 10 3 2 6 4 5 9 7 Borohrádek 8 Teplá 9 Zbytiny 10 Opatovice 11 Lodín-N.B. What has been done? DGR Site selection process (2) GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  16. 1 What has been done? DGR Site selection process (3) 1 Lubenec 2 Pačejov nádraží 3 Božejovice 4 Pluhův Žďár 5 Rohozná-Růžená 6 Budišov 3 2 5 4 6 Selected sites for DGR – granitic rock GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  17. Potential GR sites and explored military domains GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  18. MilitarydomainBoletice GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  19. Rock masive between Rožná – Olší uranium mines Site Kraví hora – geological position U-mine Rožná U-mine Olší GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  20. Site selection process 6 + 2 sites fornext survey • Crystalline host rock • Granite • Gneiss • Crystalline host rock • Granite • Gneiss GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  21. Site selection process 6 + 2 sites for oncoming geological survey GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  22. 3. How to select suitable site with involving local public into site selection process? GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  23. Communication with the public • Integral part of RAWRA’s activities • Open and transparent communication strategy • Effort aimed at creating trust in the technical soundness of the siting process and repository safety • International experience (NEA - FSC, EU – RISCOM) GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  24. Important government decision how to select site with public involvement CZ Policy for Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Management (approved by the Czech government on 15 May 2002, resolution No. 487) • Goal 2015 - To find two sites with the „best geological conditions“ harmonised with specific needs for supposed site development Spatial development policy of the CZR 2008 (approved by the Czech government on 2009) • Goal for ministry o Industry and Trade and RAWRA – to select two suitable sites for future GR with involving public GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  25. Communication with the public • Integral part of RAWRA’s activities • Open and transparent communication strategy • Effort aimed at creating trust in the technical soundness of the siting process and repository safety • International experience (NEA - FSC, EU – RISCOM and ARGONA projects) GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  26. Involving public – what happened, where we are going • By the ARGONA project - first public hearing in May 2009 • November 2009 – National conference – „Deliberation - Way to the Deep Geological Repository“ • under the auspices of the minister of industry and trade • First „round table“ discussion across all stakeholders • June 2010 – „round table“ discussion how to establish transparency and open dialogue with all stakeholders • First discussion about establishing „Working group“ independent discussion forum for set up transparency site selection with involving public • November 25th –first Working Group meeting GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  27. Working group participated stakeholders • 3 delegates of ministries and state organisations – MTI, MEnv, SONS • 2 delegates from concerned local communities (where explor. Act. Are planed) • 1 delegate from local NGO • 2 delegates from CZ NGOs • 2 delegates from both CZ Parliaments Chambers • 1 representative from RAWRA Main principles • Voluntariness, transparency and „Safe Space“ for open dialogue • Own „profit“ is legal right of each participated side GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  28. Site selection process only by involving a local municipalities Call to local municipalities to participate on the site selection process Motivation for local municipalities Direct annul payment to municipal budget from nuclear account – only where is licence for RAWRA for geological survey supposed 320 – 600 k€ per year (changing of atomic law in 2011) Geological survey start only on the site where local communities want to participate GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  29. Supposed Site selection process2011 - 2015 • Geological surveys on sites • Parallel geophysical and geochemical landscape survey • Drilling of boreholes (5 – 500 m, 2 (3) 1000 m) • Rock characterization – in situ measurements, laboratory research • Environmental site specific studies At the sites with suitable geology: Design of the GR Feasibility Studies Preliminary Safety Case Environmental impacts study Wide discussion with the public Finally decision about 1+1 approved by government The most important –involve public into site selection process GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  30. Site selection process How many sites will be explore? Only on the sites where local municipalities want to participate By the technical and economical option (RAWRA budget) Annualy - one (or two) site(s) will start to explore at most A maximum 4 sites will be explored GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  31. Public Involvement Review Project with EU support = IPPA project GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011

  32. Thanks for your attention Jiří Slovák www.rawra.cz, slovak@rawra.cz GR development and public involvement, Liblice, April 27, 2011