Shifting trends and fortunes in european crop plant genomics since the 1980’s - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Shifting trends and fortunes in european crop plant genomics since the 1980’s

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  1. Shifting trends and fortunes in european crop plant genomics since the 1980’s By Steve Hughes ESRC Genomics Network

  2. 1970s Phase 1 Exploration/scoping • Plant genome analysis – molecular tools • Plant gene isolation- storage proteins; Rubisco • Patents on core enabling rDNA technology • Contained use regulation • Mainly public sector institutions PBI • Beginnings of private sector involvement

  3. 1980s phase2 Exploration/Opportunism • Suspension of genomic thinking • Plant gene isolation – products; agronomy • Plant gene transfer Atumefaciens (GMplant) • Herbicide/insect tolerance- category GMcrop • Antisense control – gene silencing –resurgence of genomic thinking • Extensified private sector, GIBiP • Explosion of patenting – enabling&applications • Deliberate release ; field trials • PROSAMO study

  4. Phase3 1990s Opportunism • Commercial trials: herbicide, insect resistance • Test markets: imported tomato; soya, cotton • Organised reaction: articulated uncertainty • Company consolidation • Consensus conference • Trait discovery • Marker-assisted breeding: rflp, aflp,rapd microsatellite

  5. 1990s Opportunism 2 • TRIPS , patents PVR • EU 92/20 ACRE • Food use ACNFP • EU commercial moratorium • Ethical review - Nuffield CB • Commercial moratorium ( exception spanish maize)

  6. 2000s Reflection, distributed cognition • Plant/crop genome sequences: rice, network –v-patenting • Marker-assisted breeding; tilling; Generation Challenge GDR-P • Prospectus for agriculture and silvaculture – recognition of disconnections: EASAC; EPSO; ERA-PG; BBSRC • Producer-consumer relations - food • Non-food uses: biofuel, feedstocks • Opposition shift • Environmental impact: Farm Scale trials

  7. 2000s Reflection, distributed cognition • Continued commercial moratorium – heterogeneous national views – legal decisions on local derogations • Trade dispute EU-USA at WTO • Plants for the Future initiative • A new wave?

  8. EPSO technology platform:Plants for the Future • Strategic Research Agenda – reconnect with EU prospectus to 2025 • Public-private partnerships • Stakeholder network – sustainable systems approach/consultation • Keywords: healthy, safe, landscape, green products, competitiveness, consumer-choice, governance. • Connectivity knowledge-sharing

  9. Apomixis: a study of the distributed networked global production system

  10. Useful sites • Hughes,S : Plant Biotechnology Journal (2006) 4, 3-5 • European Academies Science Advisory Council : Genomics and Crop plant science published 24th May 2004 at http://www.easac.org/CPG%20report_fin5.pdf • http://www.epsoweb.org/Catalog/TP/EPSO%20pressrelease%20web_22Jun04.htm • http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/news/reports/Welcome.html. • http://europa.eu.int/comm/research/press/2004/pr3001-2en.html • http://www.defra.gov.uk/science/rpg/research_priorities.htm • http://www.tailoringbiotechnologies.com/