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NUTRITION

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  1. NUTRITION BY MADISON COOK

  2. .....CARBOHYDRATES..... • Main source of energy • Loaded with vitamins, minerals and fibre • Types • Simple (sugars) • Complex (starches) • Sources • High carb=cereals, grains, some fruits and bread • Low carb=vegetables, nuts and seeds

  3. .....FATS..... • Provides energy if sugar supplies run out • Transports nutrients across cell membranes • Protects organs and bones from shock • Types • Saturated (bad) • Unsaturated (good) • Trans (bad) • Sources • Butter, cheese and oil = saturated fats • Potato chips, candy and fried foods = Trans fat • Avocado, seeds, and fish= Unsaturated fats

  4. .....PROTEIN..... • Produces enzymes, hormones etc… • It regulates body processes • Water balancing, transporting nutrients, and making muscles contract • Stops from being fatigued • Produces stamina and energy • Make up muscles, organs, and immune system • Types • Egg protein (eggs) • Casein protein (milk) • Whey protein (nuts, seeds) • Sources • Meat, fish, eggs, dairy products, nuts, seeds, and legumes

  5. .....FIBRE..... • Lowers blood cholesterol, prevent diabetes, heart disease, etc… • Carbs that cannot be digested • Helps with constipation • No calories • Types • Soluble fibre (dissolves in water) • Insoluble fibre (doesn’t dissolve in water) • Sources • Bagels, Bran Buds, brown rice, cereals, granola, muffins, pasta, etc…

  6. .....VITAMINS..... • Strengthens your body • Strengthen your body in different ways • Bones, sight, etc… • Provide energy • Needed to grow and develop • Types • Fat soluble (Vitamin A, D, E & K) stay stored until needed • Water Soluble (Vitamin B & C) travel through your bloodstream • Sources • Fresh fruits and vegetables • Canned/frozen fruits and vegetables

  7. .....MINERALS..... • Helps body grow, develop, and stay healthy • Perform many different functions • Building strong bones, transmits nerve impulses, etc… • Simple nutrients which gathered from our diet • Don’t provide energy but are needed • Types: • Macrominerals (large amounts) • Trace minerals (small amounts) • Sources • foods rich in potassium, chloride, calcium, sodium, magnesium, phosphorus and sulfur

  8. .....WATER..... • Removes dangerous toxins from your body • Air, food and chemicals, etc… • Carries oxygen and nutrients to cells • Transparent, odourless, tasteless liquid • 80% of body is water • One type of water • Sources • Fruit, vegetables and other liquids

  9. .....Bibliography..... http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/fat.htmlhttp://weightloss.about.com/od/nutrition/a/blfatfacts.htm http://ezinearticles.com/?A-List-Of-High-Fat-Foods-That-Are-Bad-For-You&id=740783http://www.eatingdisordersonline.com/nutritional/fats.php http://lowcarbdiets.about.com/od/nutrition/a/lowcarbpyramid.htm http://www.buzzle.com/articles/list-of-high-carbohydrate-foods.htmlhttp://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/carb.html http://ezinearticles.com/?What-Do-Carbohydrates-Do?&id=1496793http://www.fitnessandmind.com/carbohydrates.htmlhttp://dictionary.reference.com/browse/carbohydrate http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/minerals.html http://hubpages.com/hub/Foods-that-are-Rich-in-Dietary-Minerals-and-its-Benefitshttp://www.google.ca/search?hl=en&biw=1276&bih=823&defl=en&q=define:Dietary+minerals&sa=X&ei=_WlZTZCUI5S4sQP8-JGjDA&ved=0CBkQkAEhttp://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_do_dietary_minerals_contribute_to_good_health#ixzz1DxO4by00 http://ezinearticles.com/?Casein-Protein---What-it-is-and-Why-Its-Good-For-You!&id=4064205

  10. .....Bibliography (continued)..... http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/body/protein.htmlhttp://dictionary.reference.com/browse/protein http://ezinearticles.com/?Different-Types-of-Protein&id=1080942http://www3.georgetown.edu/admin/auxiliarysrv/dining/nutrition/protein.html http://kidshealth.org/teen/food_fitness/nutrition/fiber.html http://www.foodshighinfiber.com/ http://dietsindetails.com/article_fibre.html http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/vitamin.html http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/vitamins http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy890 http://www.brianmac.co.uk/vitamins.htm http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_does_water_do_to_your_body http://www.ehow.com/list_5910953_list-water_rich-foods.html http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/water http://cholesterol.about.com/od/cholesterolnutrition101/f/highunsatfoods.htm