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Week 3 (Jan. 6th). The Scientific Approach in Education Process of Research Types of Research Hot Topic Debate. Agenda for Today. Stages in doing research (45) Three stories-lead-in. As a group work out a process of research (Handout) Jigsaw

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Week 3 (Jan. 6th)

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week 3 jan 6th

Week 3 (Jan. 6th)

The Scientific Approach in Education

Process of Research

Types of Research

Hot Topic Debate

agenda for today
Agenda for Today
  • Stages in doing research (45)
    • Three stories-lead-in. As a group work out a process of research (Handout)
    • Jigsaw
    • Reading: stages in doing research (Ary.et al.2007,in-class handout)
  • Types of research (45)
    • Group discussion and preparation on research categories.
    • Sharing: each group teaches the class
  • Hot-topic Discussion (30)
  • Housekeeping (10)
    • Research interest/area of interest
the scientific methods introduction to research in education
The Scientific Methods:Introduction to Research in Education
  • Group work tasks (process the three stories):
    • What does “research” mean to you?
    • What do we typically do when we “do a piece of research”?
    • Pick one example and explain how does that example echoes the process of research.
  • Group presentation:

1. Our understanding/misunderstanding of research

2. What research is (a one sentence summary)

what is research
What is research

Research is a process of recognition and definition of a problem/discovering essential questions, gathering data, and analyzing it to answer those questions.

These steps can be applied informally in the solution of such everyday problems: to find the daughter’s shoes, gain access to playground, or to make a piece of equipment work. Or the most efficient route to take from home to work or school, the best kind of computer to purchase.

The more formal application of the scientific method to the solution of problems is what research is all about.

3 major steps in doing a research study
3 major steps in doing a research study
  • Preparing a proposal describing the study to be done and its significance (EDU651)
  • Collecting and analyzing data (EDU652)
  • Writing a report of the complete study (EDU652)
the process of research t ypical stages in research ary etc 2006
The process of research: typical stages in research (Ary. etc. 2006)
  • Selecting a problem
  • Reviewing the literature on the problem
  • Designing the research
  • Collecting the data
  • Analyzing the data
  • Interpreting the findings and stating conclusions
  • Reporting results
research report
Research Report
  • What does the structure of a research report look like?
research report1
Research Report
  • Introduction
  • Literature review
  • Methodology
  • Results and discussion
scientific methods in educational research
Scientific Methods in Educational Research
  • Application of Scientific methods in Education – Educational Research Methods
  • Classifications of research methods
types of scientific research
Types of Scientific Research
  • Categorized by purpose
    • Basic Research
    • Applied Research
    • Evaluation Research
    • Research and Development (R&D)
    • Action Research (Woho!)
  • Categorized by method
    • Quantitative
      • Descriptive research
      • Correlational research
      • Causal-comparative research
      • Experimental research
      • Single-subject research
    • Qualitative research
      • Narrative research
      • Ethnographic research
  • Categorized by time
    • Cross-sectional research
    • Longitudinal research
group work types of research
Group work: types of research
  • Each group will be experts of one or two research method
  • Prepare for 10 minutes:
  • Report (3-5 mins each group)
    • Use flow charts, drawing, maps …Be creative in your presentation.
quantitative and qualitative methods
Quantitative and Qualitative methods

Group 1: Knowing-All

Prepare a debate between quantitative vs qualitative experts

  • Purpose? Characteristics?
  • Merits & Demerits
  • Categories

Group 2 Non-experimental research experts

    • Descriptive research
    • Correlational research

Group 3 Experimental research experts

    • Causal-comparative research
    • Single-subject research
    • Experimental research

Group 4 Qualitative experts

    • Narrative approach
    • Ethnographic research
quantitative approach
Quantitative approach
  • Descriptive research
    • Systematic observation of environment
    • Description of people, events, materials
  • Correlational research
    • Systematic observation of environment
    • Study to determine characteristic relationships
  • Causal-comparative research
    • To determine the cause/reason for existing differences in the behavior or status of groups of individuals.
  • Experimental research
    • Systematic manipulation of environment
    • Study of the effects of the manipulation
  • Single-subject research
    • Study the behavior change that an individual or group exhibits as a result of some intervention, or treatment.
qualitative approach
Qualitative approach
  • Narrative research
    • Study how different humans experience the world around them,
    • Researcher typically focuses on a single person and gathers data by collecting stories about the person’s life,
  • Ethnographic research
    • Buzz words
      • Entire group
      • Cultural anthropology
      • “cultures”
      • Intact culture
      • Gain access to a site, gatekeeper, insider, outsider
      • Informed consent
      • Key informants
      • Participant observation
      • Fieldwork, field notes
house keeping
House Keeping
  • Reading for next week
  • Arrange for observation (week 4)
  • Think about your research question (s)
  • Example
  • What is experimental research?
  • “Buzz words”
    • Independent variable
    • Dependent variable
    • Treatment/experimental group
    • Intact/control group
    • Extraneous variables
correlational research
Correlational Research
  • An Example
  • Purpose of research
  • How to do this?
  • How to examine/interpret results?
  • Manipulation/intervention
  • Naturally occurring phenomena
  • Cause – effect: causal?