Seawater desalination market
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Seawater desalination market. Problem. 1/3 of world population live in the countries with water shortage problems; according to the experts' forecast this figure will increase to 2/3 by 2025. Water availability and its sanitary state. Extreme risk (less than 50%). High risk.

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Seawater desalination market

Seawater desalinationmarket


Problem
Problem

  • 1/3 of world population live in the countries with water shortage problems;

  • according to the experts' forecast this figure will increase to 2/3 by 2025.

  • Water availability and its sanitary state

Extreme risk

(less than 50%)

High risk

Average risk

Low risk

N/a

  • Conclusion: considering acute fresh water deficiency, seawater desalination issue has become more and more burning.


Water reserve
Water reserve

Total water volume on Earth is about 1400 mlnkm3


Known seawater desalination methods
Known seawater desalination methods

- distillation(MSF MD MED MVC);

- reverse osmosis (RO);

- electrodialysis (ED);

- congelation (FR);

- ion exchange.

Reverse osmosis is a high-demand method in the market

Reverse osmosis

Multistage Flash Distillation

Multi-Effect

Distillation

Electrodialysis

Hybrid technologies

Electro-deionisation


Technology shortcomings
Technology shortcomings

Given technologies have essential drawbacks:

- high energy intensity;

- environmental hazards during operation of desalination plants;

- high skilled operating staff required.


Seawater desalination market1
Seawater desalination market

  • As of the end of 2011 there are 14 865 desalination factories, their aggregate capacities - 67.4 mln m3 per day

  • Annual increase in production capacity is about 11.2 %

  • In money terms the desalination market is estimated at 12 billions US dollars as of 2011 and this figure is increasing annually