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SUFFIXES AND PREFIXES. It’s helpful to have a good understanding of what prefixes and suffixes are. Knowing their meanings and when they are generally used can help you figure out unknown words and can also help you make your writing better. .

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suffixes and prefixes
SUFFIXES AND PREFIXES

It’s helpful to have a good understanding of what prefixes and suffixes are.

Knowing their meanings and when they are generally used can help you figure out unknown words and can also help you make your writing better.

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Suffixes  are attached to the end of a word to form a new word or to alter the grammatical function of the original word.
  • For example, the verb read can be made into the noun reader by adding the suffix -er; read can be made into the adjective readable by adding the suffix -able.
  • Understanding the meanings of the common suffixes can help us deduce the meanings of new words.
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A prefix comes before a root word and changes the meaning of a word.

For example, if you take the root word game and add a prefix, it becomes something different.pregame- before the gamepostgame- after the game

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It’s helpful to know the meaning of a prefix to help you figure out a word. Take a look at the following prefixes and the root words they’re attached to.un- means not: unhappy, untiedover- means excessive or completely: overconfident, overjoyed
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A suffix goes at the end of a root word. It can tell you when something happened by changing the tense of a verb, modify the root word, or change the meaning.run- runningstrong- strongestcare- careless
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Learning prefixes

To learn prefixes and suffixes takes practice.

Be sure to use learning tools, like dictionaries and books that you read every day.

  • The table below defines and illustrates 26 common suffixes.
common suffixes2
Common Suffixes

I DON’T CARE WHAT YOU ARE AS LONG AS YOU SHARE YOUR OWN STUFF!

I’M NOT A COMMUNIST. I’M A PHILANTHROPIST

We’re dancers!

common negative prefixes
Common negative prefixes
  • Un- Il- Ir- Dis-
  • ACCEPTABLE – UNACCEPTABLE
  • CONSIDERATE – INCONSIDERABLE
  • POLITE – IMPOLITE
  • PROPER – IMPROPER
  • RESPECTFUL – DISRESPECTFUL
  • RESPONSIBLE – IRRESPONSIBLE
  • LEGAL – ILLEGAL
  • REAL – UNREAL

Many wordsstarting with m- and p- for their negative with prefix im-.

Many words starting with r- form their negative with the prefix ir-

For example, impossible, immobile, irreplaceable.

Exceptions: displeased, disrespectful

play games and learn
PLAY GAMES AND LEARN!
  • http://www.vocabulary.co.il/prefixes/high-school/hs-prefix-meaning-match/
  • http://www.learninggamesforkids.com/vocabulary-games/synonyms/find-the-synonym.html
  • http://www.vocabulary.co.il/antonyms/high-school/pick-the-antonym-college-prep-words/
  • http://www.vocabulary.co.il/antonyms/high-school/college-prep-word-antonyms/
  • http://www.vocabulary.co.il/suffixes/high-school/suffixmeaning-match/
  • http://www.vocabulary.co.il/suffixes/high-school/suffixmeaning-match/
credits
CREDITS
  • http://grammar.about.com/od/words/a/comsuffixes.htm
  • http://www.learninggamesforkids.com/vocabulary_games/suffixes-and-prefixes.html
  • SLIDES BY TEACHER ANGELA CARVALHO – OUT/ 2012
  • Images: Google images