The Roaring Twenties. 1921 Election. MacKenzie King – leader of Liberal party Believed in the middle path Arthur Meighen – leader of the Conservatives Believed in principles over compromise; didn ’ t care if he offended anyone
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Ex. US Companies set up ‘branch plants’ such as auto plants, which operated here but were controlled by American business men (so that they didn’t have to pay tariffs to ship cars to Canada)
PM King & US President Roosevelt
Early 20th Century teachers
There were also regional challenges from Prairies and Ontario
Farmers angered by National Policy because of tariffs/duties placed on foreign goods imported into Canada(this policy benefits manufacturers, not farmers)
Foreign goods become too expensive for Canadians, so they have to domestic goods. As a result, farmers can’t get cheap machinery from America.
They protest: Farmers wanted free trade, abolish tariffs and allow them to buy cheap machinery from U.S.
They also wanted more representation at the federal level, and were displeased at the lack of control over their own products
1919 federal Thomas Crerar created the Progessive Party
Wanted a new National Party based on free trade and ownership of railways