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Declaration of Independence. Rhetorical Analysis. SOAPS. Thomas Jefferson: Primary writer

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declaration of independence

Declaration of Independence

Rhetorical Analysis

soaps
SOAPS
  • Thomas Jefferson: Primary writer
  • The writers of the Declaration of Independence establish their ethical standing--that they are men of good sense, good character, and good will--first, by acknowledging that they need to explain to the world the reasons for their actions.
subject
SUBJECT
  • "not to find out new principles, or new arguments, never before thought of, not merely to say things which had never been said before, but to place before mankind the common sense of the subject in terms so plain and firm as to command their assent, and to justify ourselves in the independent stand we are compelled to take. Neither aiming at originality of principle or sentiment, nor yet copied from any particular and previous writing, it was intended to be an expression of the American mind, and to give to that expression the proper tone and spirit called for by the occasion“ (Thomas Jefferson)

Formal disassociation from Great Britain by the Colonies.

occassion
OCCASSION
  • July 4, 1776
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Meeting of 2nd Continental Congress

Some of the events that led to the declaration:

  • Publication of Common Sense
  • British hostilities towards Americans
  • (Lexington, Concord, etc).
audience
AUDIENCE
  • King George III
  • People of the Colonies

George III was the longest reigning of the male British monarchs.

King of Great Britain and Ireland and presided over the loss of the American colonies.

He was a strong supporter of the war against America, and he viewed the concession of independence in 1783 with such detestation that he considered abdicating his throne.

purpose
PURPOSE
  • Formally announce that the colonies have declared independence from Great Britain
speaker
SPEAKER
  • Written by Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Roger Sherman, Robert Livingston, Ben Franklin
  • Ratified by 2nd Continental Congress

Patriots who wanted to break away from Britain