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DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCH. Agents, such as chemicals & viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development & cause harm? Teratogens Physical & cognitive abnormalties in children caused by pregnant woman’s heavy use of alcohol? Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

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developmental psych
  • Agents, such as chemicals & viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development & cause harm?
  • Teratogens
  • Physical & cognitive abnormalties in children caused by pregnant woman’s heavy use of alcohol?
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
  • Biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience?
  • maturation
Psychologist who studied cognitive development? Piaget
  • A concept or framework that organizes & interprets information?
  • Schema
  • Interpreting our new experience in terms of our existing schemas?
  • Assimilation
  • Adapting our current understanding to incorporate new information?
  • Accommodation
Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development:
  • Birth to nearly 2; experiences the world through senses & actions?
  • Sensorimotor
  • 2 to about 6 or 7; represents things with words & images?
  • Preoperational
  • About 7 to 11 years; thinking logically about concrete events?
  • Concrete operational
About 12-adulthood; abstract reasoning?
  • Formal operational
  • In the sensorimotor stage of cognitive development, what is the awareness that things continue to exist even when not perceived?
  • Object permanence
  • In the preoperational stage, the preoperational child’s difficulty taking another’s point of view?
  • Egocentrism
In the concrete operational stage, the principle that properties such as mass, volume, & number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects?
  • Conservation
  • --------------------------------------------------------------
  • An emotional tie with another person?
  • Attachment
  • Psychologist that did the attachment experiment with the monkeys?
  • Harry Harlow
An optimal period shortly after birth when an organism’s exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development.
  • Critical period
  • The process by which certain animals for attachments during a critical period very early in life-Konrad Lorenz?
  • Imprinting
  • A parenting style where parens impose rules & expect obedience?
  • Authoritarian
A style of parenting where parents submit to their children’s desires?
  • Permissive
  • A style of parenting where parents are both demanding & responsive?
  • Authoritative
  • Term for the transition period from childhood to adulthood?
  • Adolescence
  • Term for the period of sexual maturation?
  • Puberty
The body structures that make sexual reproduction possible? (characteristics)
  • Primary sex characteristics
  • The non-reproductive sexual characteristics?
  • Secondary sex characteristics
  • Psychologist who came up with stages of morality?
  • Kohlberg
  • Before the age of 9, where children obey rules to either avoid punishment or gain rewards?
  • Preconventional morality
By early adolescence, morality focuses on caring for other and following laws & social rules? Moral Stage?
  • Conventional morality
  • Moral stage where actions are judged “right” because they flow from people’s rights or principles?
  • Postconventional morality
  • Psychologist who came up with psychosocial stages of development?
  • Erik Erikson
Upon a light touch on a baby’s foot, his toes spread out. This is the _______reflex.
  • Babinski
  • When a baby feels like it is falling, it’s arms & legs flail out. This is the ______reflex.
  • Moro
  • Which of the following psychologists came up with parenting styles in 1991?
  • Mary Ainsworth, Diana Baumrind, Carol Gilligan
  • Diana Baumrind
This psychologist did the study with children called the “strange situation” study .
  • Mary Ainsworth
  • One of Ainsworth’s conclusions was the child would have extreme stress when a parent left the room & resist comfort by them upon their return. This was referred to a __________/____________ attachment.
  • Anxious/ambivilant attachment
*** To remember: Carol Gilligan developed her own theory of moral development in response to Kohlberg’s theory.Her theory focused on women since Kohlberg’s was created only through interviews with males.***
Erikson’s 1st stage of psychosocial development has infants relying on others. So there is ______vs. ________
  • Trust vs. mistrust
  • 2nd stage has a toddler searching for independence or being overly restrained or punished. So there is ________vs. _________
  • Autonomy vs. shame & doubt
  • 3rd stage has taking something on & accomplishing it or not accomplishing it. So there is _________vs. _________.
  • Initiative vs. guilt
Stage 4 has competence & achievement or incompetence. So there is ________vs. ________.
  • Industry vs. inferiority
  • Stage 5 (teens-20’s) has an idea of who you are vs. not knowing who you are. So there is ________vs. ________
  • Identity vs. confusion
  • Stage 6 is sharing oneself with another or not making commitments. So there is _________vs. ___________.
  • Intimacy vs. isolation
Stage 7 is contributing to later generations or boredom. So there is _________vs. _________
  • Generativity vs. stagnation
  • Stage 8 is life has been good or incomplete. So there is ______vs. ________
  • Integrity vs. despair
  • ---------------------------------------------------------
  • Type of intelligence where accumulated knowledge increases up to old age?
  • Crystallized
  • Type of intelligence where our ability to reason quickly & abstractly decreases slowly up to 75; then rapidly?
  • Fluid
5 stages of freud s psychosexual development
5 stages of Freud’s Psychosexual Development
  • Low psychosexual anxiety?
  • Latency
  • Focus on pleasure sensitive areas of body?
  • Phallic
  • Focuses on bowel & bladder elimination?
  • Anal
  • Maturation of sexual interests
  • Genital
  • Pleasure centers on the mouth-sucking, biting, chewing?
  • Oral
According to Freud & his psychosexual stages, if certain issues are not resolved at the appropriate stage, then what can occur?
  • Fixation
  • According to Freud, at any point in which 3 stages could strong conflict result in fixation?
  • Oral, anal, phallic
  • Jamal sucked his thumb until age 8. As an adult, he smokes, chews gum, & is overdependent on others. Psychoanalysts would say Jamal has:
  • An oral fixation
  • If parents take an approach in the anal stage that is too lenient, Freud suggested that an __________ personality could develop in which the individual has a wasteful or destructive personality.
  • Anal- expulsive
If parents are too strict or begin toilet training too early, Freud believed that an _______personality develops in which the individual is stringent, orderly, rigid and obsessive.
  • Anal –retentive
  • During the phallic stage, the _________describes a boy’s sexual feelings toward his mother and feelings of jealousy & hatred toward the rival father.
  • Oedipus complex
  • Which female psychologist disputed Freud’s “penis envy” calling it inaccurate & demeaning to women?
  • Carol Gilligan, Karen Horney, Diane Baumrind
kubler ross stages of death dying
Kubler-Ross Stages of Death & Dying
  • Name them.
  • Denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
  • Another to remember: Lev Vygotsky, Russian who studied child development. Said that social environment & cognition combine in a child’s development.