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Studying Life. Section 1-3: Pages 16 - 22. 1. What is Biology?. The study of life Science that seeks to understand the living world. 2. All living things…. All living things made of cells All living things reproduce All living things are based on the genetic code

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studying life

Studying Life

Section 1-3: Pages 16 - 22

1 what is biology
1. What is Biology?
  • The study of life
  • Science that seeks to understand the living world
2 all living things
2. All living things…
  • All living things made of cells
  • All living things reproduce
  • All living things are based on the genetic code
  • All living things grow and develop
  • All living things obtain and use energy
  • All living things respond to their environment
  • All living things maintain a stable internal environment
  • All living things change over time
3 ms glinke s fabulous four
3. MS. Glinke’s Fabulous Four
  • GROWTH – All living things grow and change over time
  • REPRODUCTION – All living things must be able to make more of themselves

* All living things must come from other living things!

  • RESPONSE – All living things respond to stimuli
  • METABOLISM – All the chemical reactions that take place in an organism (ENERGY)
4 to be considered living
4. To be considered living…
  • All living things must have all characteristics of living things
  • You can not have 3 out of the 4 and be considered living
5 what is a cell
5. What is a cell?
  • A CELL is the basic unit of structure and function in an organism.
  • All living things are made of cells!\
  • Basic unit of life!
6 unicellular vs multicellular
6. Unicellular vs. Multicellular

* Unimeans one, so unicellular means organisms made up of only one cell

* Multi means many, so multicellular means organisms made up of many cells

7 asexual reproduction
7. Asexual Reproduction
  • Asexual reproduction is

where the new organism

has one parent

  • Asexual reproduction

occurs in both some plants

and animals

  • Example: HYDRA
8 sexual reproduction
8. Sexual Reproduction
  • Cells from two different parents unite to produce the first cell of the new offspring
  • There are TWO parents
  • Example: HUMANS, BIRDS

and CATS

9 metabolism
9. Metabolism
  • Any chemical reaction that takes place
  • The combination of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials as it carries out its life processes
  • Examples: Photosynthesis (PLANTS) and Eating fruits and vegetables (ANIMALS)
10 what is a stimulus
10. What is a stimulus?
  • All living things are going to respond to stimuli or changes in their environment
  • Stimulus: A signal to which an organism responds
  • Examples: Roots grow down in response to gravity, you sweat when you get too hot and flowers grow towards light.
eye demonstration
Eye Demonstration
  • Eye Demonstration: Working with a partner, have one partner shut their eyes and wait 30 seconds. When 30 seconds is up, the partner with their eyes open should watch the partner’s eyes who were closed. What do you notice? Switch roles and do this again.
eye demonstration1
Eye Demonstration
  • 11. Stimulus: Change in light
  • 12. Response: Pupils dilate
what is homeostasis
What is homeostasis?
  • 13. All organisms want to maintain stable internal body environment
  • 14. Example:

* What does your body do when it’s hot?

* What does your body do when it’s cold?

autotrophs and heterotrophs
Autotrophs and Heterotrophs
  • Autotrophs: Organism that has the ability to make its own food.
    • Example in #15?
  • Heterotroph: Organism that does not have the ability to make its own food.
    • Example in #15?
back side
Back side

Take the part of marty’s defense attorney and make a good case for the item being alive.

List 4 reasons

Then…be the prosecutor and show that the item is nonliving

List 4 reasons