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第一节 辩证思维的基本方法 PowerPoint Presentation
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第一节 辩证思维的基本方法 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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第十章 认识与思维方法、思维方式. 第一节 辩证思维的基本方法. 一、归纳与演绎 二、分析与综合 三、抽象与具体 四、逻辑与历史. 一、归纳与演绎. 1 、归纳和演绎的涵义. 归纳是从许多个别的事物中概括出一般性概念、原则或结论的思维方法。. 个别. 一般. 培根. 不完全归纳. 不完全归纳是通过观察和研究,发现某类事物中固有的某种属性,并且不断重复而没遇到相反的事例,从而判断出所有该类对象都有这一属性的推理方法。. 羊是食草动物. 牛是食草动物. 鹿是食草动物. …………. 羊、牛、鹿 …… 都长角. 长角的动物都是食草动物。.

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