European Rabbit. Victoria Nguyen. T he European Rabbit is native to Spain and Portugal. They like to live in areas with soft ground for digging burrows and they have to be in dry bushy areas.
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The European Rabbit is native to Spain and Portugal. They like to live in areas with soft ground for digging burrows and they have to be in dry bushy areas.
They have rapid reproduction abilities. The gestation period lasts about 28 days to 33 days. After that they usually give birth to five or six young and they can also have as many as six liters per year.
The European Rabbits are very social and live in large colonies. They dig complex burrows called warrens which they are known for. Inside them they usually have many entrances and emergency escape tunnels.
There are two diseases that are killing the European Rabbits they are Myxomatosis and Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease (RHD), these diseases caused a steep decline in population. Other threats are habitat loss and fragmentation caused by human development. Farmers will hunt or poison the rabbits to prevent them from damaging crops. The decline of the rabbits are also having negative consequences on the predators because they rely on the rabbits as a source of food.
The (IUCN) lists them as "near threatened". The best returns from rabbit control mainly come from a regional approach involving neighbors working together. One organization that is helping the European Rabbits is the British Rabbit Council. They promote the overall interest in rabbit breeding and showing.
We need to show people the importance of the European Rabbit. Without them the ecosystem would be in danger and the European Rabbits could go extinct. Killing off the European Rabbits because they are "pests" to your garden is not the only solution. You could find ways where maybe be a little more generous and put some crops somewhere farther away from your garden. We could also show everyone the importance of the rabbits. We could start campaigns and petitions to make it illegal to kill European Rabbits.