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Social Policy: Education Development Economics ( Hons ) 17 April 2012 Nicholas Spaull nicspaull.com/research firstname.lastname@example.org. Social Policy & Education. Firstly , what is social policy?
Development Economics (Hons)
17 April 2012
Firstly, what is social policy?
“Social policy primarily refers to the guidelines, principles, legislation and activities that affect the living conditions conducive to human welfare”
“Public policy and practice in the areas of health care, human services, criminal justice, inequality, education, and labour”
“Social Policy is defined as actions that affect the well-being of members of a society through shaping the distribution of and access to goods and resources in that society”
EdBenefits of education
Specific references: lower fertility (Glewwe, 2002), improved child health (Currie, 2009), reduced societal violence (Salmi, 2006), promotion of a national - as opposed to a regional or ethnic - identity (Glewwe, 2002), improved human rights (Salmi, 2006), increased social cohesion (Heyneman, 2003), Economic growth – see any decent Macro textbook, specifically for cognitive skills see (Hanushek & Woessman 2008)
Education increases peoples ability to add value (productivity) HCM
“The failure to treat human resources explicitly as a form of capital, as a produced means of production, as the product of investment, has fostered the retention of the classical notion of labour as a capacity to do manual work requiring little knowledge and skill, a capacity with which, according to this notion, labourers are endowed about equally. This notion of labour was wrong in the classical period and it is patently wrong now. Counting individuals who can and want to work and treating such a count as a measure of the quantity of an economic factor is no more meaningful than it would be to count the number of all manner of machines to determine their economic importance” (Schultz, 1961, p. 3).
Incr MP of L
Skills & health
(See Taylor, 2010)
Ideal world (AKA Finland )
NSESGr 4 (Taylor, 2011)
PIRLSGr 5 (Shepherd, 2011)
SACMEQGr 6 (Spaull, 2011)
Average White Gr3 student knows more than the average Black Gr5 student (wrote same test).
Does this mean more resources is the answer?
More reading textbooks
More maths textbooks
conclusions & recommendations
Persistent patterns of poverty and privilege
[ANA’s and workbooks are a very good sign – (but) need consistency and time]