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SAFETY AND FIRST AID. WHAT TO DO?. ACCIDENT. I shouldn’t have been running!. An unexpected event that can cause someone harm. CAUSES: Forgetting to follow safety rules. Being careless. Random. WHAT IS THE MOST COMMON ACCIDENT FOR YOUNG PEOPLE?. FALLS!.

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Presentation Transcript
accident
ACCIDENT
  • I shouldn’t have been running!

An unexpected event that can cause someone harm.

CAUSES:

Forgetting to follow safety rules.

Being careless.

Random.

falls
FALLS!
  • Falls happen frequently because young people are very active.
  • Safe practices can help avoid falls.

PREVENTION

  • Watch where you are going.
  • Be aware of your surroundings.
  • Do not run in halls at school.
prevention continued
PREVENTION CONTINUED

4. Take the stairs one at a time.

  • Wear shoes with rubber soles.
  • Be cautious around wet/slippery places.
  • Wipe up spills or notify someone of them.
  • Don’t overstretch to reach things in high places.
  • When playing outside watch the ground for hazards such as rocks or holes.
hazard
HAZARD

OOPS!

Something that can cause you harm.

May be:

Things in your environment , i.e. broken glass.

2. The result of other

people’s actions,

i.e. someone

spilled something

and didn’t clean it

up.

types of injuries from falls
TYPES OF INJURIES FROM FALLS

BRUISES

SCRAPES

CUTS

SPRAINS

STRAINS

BROKEN BONES

injuries require first aid and sometimes emergency services
INJURIES REQUIRE FIRST AID AND SOMETIMES EMERGENCY SERVICES
  • FIRST AID IS THE FIRST AND IMMEDIATE TEMPORARY CARE FOR AN INJURED PERSON.
  • ACTUAL TREATMENT DEPENDS ON SEVERITY OF THE INJURY.
first aid
FIRST AID
  • Minor Cuts: clean with soap and water and apply a bandage.
  • Puncture wounds/Deep cuts: apply pressure to stop the bleeding then clean with soap and water and apply a bandage. Call the doctor to ask about a tetanus shot. (Tetanus is an infection caused by poisons made by bacteria that enter a puncture wound.)
first aid1
FIRST AID

CARE FOR BLODDY NOSES

  • Sit down
  • Lean forward
  • Apply pressure to nose for 5 minutes
  • Apply ice if it doesn’t stop in 5 minutes
  • If you can not get it to stop call MD or take to ER

HEIMLICH MANEUVER

* A procedure used to dislodge a foreign body clogging the wind pipe(trachea)

first aid2
FIRST AID

RESCUE BREATHING

*Providing air for a person that is not breathing but their heart is still beating

CPR

CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION

*A method of reviving a person who is not breathing and who does not have a pulse

first aid3
FIRST AID

RESCUE BREATHING AND CPR SHOULD ONLY BE DONE BY SOMEONE WHO IS TRAINED TO DO THEM

first aid4
FIRST AID

SPRAINS AND STRAINS and BROKEN BONES:

R—Rest the injured body part

I—Ice the injury

C—Compression– apply pressure to the injury

E--Elevate the injured body part– above heart level

CALL 911 IN NEEDED

  • POISON:

Do not induce vomiting.

Call poison control and or 911.

Save the container if possible.

first aid5
FIRST AID
  • BEE STING-scrape the stinger out with a card edge or nail file, clean with soap and water, apply ice
  • SPIDER BITE-find the spider if possible, if it is a brown recluse or black widow or you aren’t sure call 911, for all other spider bites-clean area with soap and water, apply ice
  • BLISTER-clean with soap and water, cover with a clean bandage, do not break the blister
  • MINOR BURN OR SUNBURN-place a cold cloth over burn or run under cold water for 10 min., cover with bandage
first aid6
FIRST AID
  • RASHES FROM PLANTS-run cold water over rash, use calamine lotion to stop the itch
  • HEAT STROKE-VICTIM HAS A VERY HIGH TEMPERATURE; HOT, RED SKIN; RAPID STRONG PULSE-reduce temperature with cool water or cold packs—do not over chill
  • HEAT EXHAUSTION-VICTIM HAS NORMAL TEMPERATURE, PALE CLAMMY SKIN, SWEATING, WEAKNESS, NAUSEA-help victim to lie down; apply cool, wet clothes-give sips of salt water for and hour(1tsp salt per glass)
first aid7
FIRST AID
  • FROST BITE(ICE CRYSTALS IN THE SKIN TISSUE)-VICTIM HAS FLUSHED SKIN TURNING WHITE OR YELLOWISH-wrap him/her up in blankets, immerse chilled tissue in luke warm water, give warm, nonalcoholic drinks
  • COLD EXPOSURE(EXCESSIVE LOSS OF BODY HEAT)-VICTIM HAS SHIVERING, NUMBNESS, DROWSINESS-wrap him/her up in blankets, give hot non-alcoholic drinks

ALWAYS SEEK MEDICAL HELP AFTER ADMINISTERING FIRST AID

*FRACTURE-DON’T MOVE THE INJURED BODY PART, PUT ICE ON IT, CALL 911

emergency
EMERGENCY

Any situation that calls for help right away.

Examples:

Fire or

Car Accident

emergency1
EMERGENCY

STAY CALM

CALL 911----STAY ON THE LINE

DO NOT DO ANYTHING YOU ARE NOT TRAINED TO DO

first aid and emergencies
FIRST AID AND EMERGENCIES

ALWAYS PROTECT YOURSELF IN EMERGENCIES AND WHEN PROVIDING FIRST AID

Universal Precautions– steps taken to avoid contact with pathogens that are possible in body fluids

*Wear gloves

*Wash your hands with soap and water

*Don’t eat or drink when giving first aid

*Don’t touch your mouth or nose when giving first aid