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Dr Helen Swan Courage Partners. Lessons from the past: a new regional governance model for all levels of government. Context of today’s presentation Study framework – key findings Where we have come from Where to next - Policy Coherence Model

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Presentation Transcript
outline

Context of today’s presentation

Study framework – key findings

Where we have come from

Where to next - Policy Coherence Model

Implementation – how the model works in practice

Outline
context

PhD study 2006-2010

Federal Government’s approach to regional governance since WWII, focus on 1996-2007

the extent it delivers sustainable outcomes – social-economic, environment, spatially

Whole-of, joined-up governance in existing policy and institutional frameworks

Context
methodology framework
METHODOLOGY/Framework

Component Two

Regional governance in the EU and the UK

Component One

Governance globally since WWII

Component Three

Regional governance in Australian Federal Government context

STRENGTHS

WEAKNESSES

Component Five

Round One and Round Two Consultations

Component Four

Spatial case studies: NSW and Riverina and experience in other jurisdictions

1 governance globally

New Public Management

Complex web of networks / competing values

Decentering

Sustainable development agenda

Lack of policy coherence

But sustainable communities / environments cannot be achieved working in isolation

1: Governance globally
2 governance eu uk

Modernisation pathway – 1990s

Joined-up

Multi level power sharing

Strategic / long term policy agendas

Evidence base

Multidisciplinary policy teams working together on a day-by-day basis

2: Governance: EU / UK
3 governance australia

Since WWII

  • interventionist – meet post war needs
  • 1980s:localism
  • late 1990s: multifaceted
  • 1996-2007: four key initiatives
  • Natural Resource Management (NRM) - 2000
  • Sustainable Regions (SR) - 2001
  • Regional Partnerships (RP) - 2003
  • Indigenous Affairs Arrangements (IAA) - 2004
3: Governance: Australia
1996 2007 initiatives strengths

COAG support: contribution government funding / investment

  • Australian Government agency leadership
  • Flexibility in funding
  • Joint planning (national and regional) processes
  • Bilateral agreements
1996-2007 initiatives: strengths
1996 2007 initiatives weaknesses

Lack of WoG, clarity of roles and responsibilities, alignment between levels

Local consultative structures to be more inclusive of broader community development

Design of policy / program - roll out and deadlines - led to deficiencies in assessment, transparency, administration

Short term planning, lack of implementation strategies (including PBS), evidence for evaluation, accountability, performance monitoring, targets

1996-2007 initiatives: weaknesses
4 case studies other jurisdictions

2006: NSW State Plan – strategic framework – regionalised - indicators

2008: review – data collection, implementation, collaboration

Multiple approaches to policy / planning / programs: statutory / non statutory, infrastructure, regional development (economic), catchment management

But … all have whole of state/territory strategic frameworks

4: Case studies / other jurisdictions
5 consultation

Inconsistency by Federal government to regional governance

Financial difficulties for local government

Flexible resourcing

Lack of alignment / coherence between state and federal

Federal government leadership

Comprehensive strategic planning, long term

Evidence base, well represented consultative structures

5. Consultation
slide12

New ways of developing policy and programs

Bottom-up, locally driven

Comprehensive strategic planning and policy development

Intergovernmental leadership/support

Sustainable outcomes

Localism

Outputs/

Accountabilities

Best practice performance measures

Evidence based

Transparency and accountability

Sustainable outcomes

Inputs/

Incentives

Comprehensive, cooperative resourcing

Flexible processes

Intergovernmental

monitoring mechanisms

Sustainable resourcing

Logistics

POLICY

COHERENCE

Performance

Legitimacy

Values

Consensual and integrative leadership

Transparency

Local leadership in planning and implementation

Sustainable approaches

policy coherence dimensions

Localism

    • bottom-up locally driven
    • comprehensive, strategic regional planning and policy (long term ie 20-50 years, evidence-based)
    • shared interface, collegiate behaviour / expertise
    • appropriately represented participatory structures
    • aligning with Federal / State / Territory visions / policies
POLICY COHERENCE Dimensions
slide14

Legitimacy

    • consensual, genuine and integrative leadership
    • collective policy/program development, implementation, accountability
    • transparent processes
    • local leadership in planning and implementation
    • sustainable approaches / outcomes
slide15

Logistics

    • comprehensive, cooperative resource allocation
    • flexibility of funds / management arrangements
    • sustainable resourcing
    • intergovernmental monitoring mechanisms
  • Performance
    • best practice comparative measures
    • evidence base
    • sustainable outcomes and future prospects
    • transparency and accountability guides
slide17

Groupings

of

LGAs

Regional Strategic Frameworks

Multi-Area Agreements

Regional Leader’s Boards

Joint Committees:

Regional Leader’s Board/

State/Territory

Government Departments

with a lead role in frameworks

State/Territory

Strategic Frameworks

National Regional Leaders Board (including ALGA)

Ministerial Taskforce

DAFF DIISR

BCDE PM&C

DEEWR Treasury

DEWHA DCC

DOFD FaHCSIA

DHA DIAC

DITRDLG DRET

ABS ALGA

Dept of PM & C

Secretaries’ Group

National

StrategicFramework

COAG

Prime Minister

conclusions

Addressing sustainability is complex – are we really serious about it?

Good governance, public management, institutional frameworks essential

Place based, long term, strategic, flexible

Supported by strong leadership, political support and commitment

Conclusions
slide19

Thank you . . .

comments, questions, feedback?

Helen.Swan@couragepartners.com.au