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Civil Rights - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Civil Rights. Civil Rights. 1876-1965 – Jim Crow Laws De jure segregation – laws in place in the south for racial segregation. De facto segregation – In the North….no laws put in place, just a way of life Denied housing Impacted employment. Brown V Board. 1954 – Topeka KS

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civil rights1
Civil Rights
  • 1876-1965 – Jim Crow Laws
  • De jure segregation – laws in place in the south for racial segregation
slide3

De facto segregation – In the North….no laws put in place, just a way of life

      • Denied housing
      • Impacted employment
brown v board
Brown V Board

1954 – Topeka KS

School segregation overturned!

slide6

Used direct, non-violent ways to fight racism and discrimination

    • Sit ins
    • Boycotts
    • Freedom rides

Based on tactics used by Ghandi

montgomery bus boycott
Montgomery Bus Boycott
  • Began with Rosa Parks refusing to give up her seat
  • Lasted for over one year
  • Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional – people began riding it again
  • Elevated MLK’s role in the Civil Rights
sit ins
Sit-ins
  • Protestors remain until they were evicted
  • Many at white restaurants
  • First one in 1960 – Woolworths – four young African-Americans refused to leave
  • Sparked many more across the nation
freedom ride
Freedom Ride
  • Spring of 1961
  • Two buses from DC to New Orleans
slide11

Alabama – things went awry

  • One bus firebombed
  • Mob attacks the second bus
  • Riders sent to jail
  • Kennedy – mad! Forced release from jail
1962 1963
1962-1963
  • Protests intensified!
  • James Meredith – wanted to go to college at University of Mississippi – all white school
  • WON!
slide14
1963
  • MLK goes to Birmingham to protest (most segregated city in the south!)
  • Started non-violently
  • “Bull Connor” (public safety com.)– would not allow demonstrations anymore
  • Police dogs and fire hoses used!
slide16
JFK
  • President – Knew he had to take an active role
  • Declared the US had an obligation to provide equal rights
march on washington
March on Washington
  • August 28th, 1963
  • Hoped for 100,000 people – it doubled that!
  • “I have a dream”
sixteenth street baptist church
Sixteenth Street Baptist Church
  • September, 1963 – Church was headquarters
  • Four young girls killed when bombed
  • Two months later JFK assassinated
  • Johnson sworn in
johnson
Johnson
  • Vowed to back Kennedy
  • Signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 –
  • Banned all segregation in public places – could not discriminate on gender, age, race, religion
freedom summer
Freedom Summer
  • 1964 – 1,000 volunteers went to Mississippi to register people to vote
  • 5 counties – black majority – people were afraid
1965 selma alabama
1965 – Selma, Alabama
  • Protesting again
  • Bloody Sunday – Marchers attacked
  • 600 beaten and tear gassed
  • Johnson LIVID!
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965 passed – put voting into the hands now of federal government
watts riots
Watts Riots
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=my3doRW-HWA
malcolm x
Malcolm X
  • As a teen had a rough life
  • Age 21 – prison converted to the Nation of Islam
  • Very strict
  • Broke away in the 1960’s and began his own organization
  • Very limited acceptance of whites
  • February 1965 – shot and killed – by members of Nation of Islam
black panthers
Black Panthers
  • Formed by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale
  • Formed to protect against white abuse
  • Believed violence was necessary
  • Also did a lot of good – breakfast program for poor
slide25
MLK
  • Completely disagreed with “black power”
  • April 3, 1968 – Shot and killed while talking to sanitation workers
  • James Earle Ray - charged