Does the citizenship regime matter? Turnout of immigrants and their children in local & national elections in Europe. Amparo González-Ferrer (CSIC, Spain ) Laura Morales ( Univ. of Manchester, UK). Research Question(s). Do citizenship regimes matter for electoral participation? If so...
Amparo González-Ferrer (CSIC, Spain)
Laura Morales (Univ. of Manchester, UK)
maybe related to effects of citizenship regimes???
Otherfactors are expectedtoshapethe electoral behaviour of immigrant-originvoters:
All controls included
H1: SUPPORTED: Turnout gap is larger societies with more restrictive citizenship regimes, which are not necessarily completely defined at the national level (Switzerland)
H2. Partially supported: Turnout gap of 2nd Gen is smaller than for their parents (YES) BUT NOT especially in countries that recognize ethnic identities and develop anti-discrimination policies (BECAUSE ALSO IN LYON & GEN)
H3: SUPPORTED: Immigrant turnout gaps will be largest for national than for local elections, especially in restrictive citizenship regimes (HOWEVER 1ST GEN IN OSLO STILL LARGE GAP IN LOCAL ELECTIONS)
H4. Partially supported: Immigrant turnout gaps in local elections will decline with higher decentralization, party arrangements to include ethnic minority members & preferential voting (YET, LARGE GAP IN OSLO FOR 1ST GEN: maybe because of 1.5 generation)
H5: Partially Supported: Turnout increases with interest in politics & associational engagement, but not necessarily with education or length of residence (INTERACTIONS NEEDED).