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The Start of the Civil War. Secession!: SC  Dec. 20, 1860. Fort Sumter: April 12, 1861. Confederate officials began seizing federal-mint branches, arsenals, and military posts. Fort Sumter was a Federal outpost in Charleston, SC. . Fort Sumter: April 12, 1861.

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Fort Sumter: April 12, 1861

  • Confederate officials began seizing federal-mint branches, arsenals, and military posts.
  • Fort Sumter was a Federal outpost in Charleston, SC.
fort sumter april 12 1861
Fort Sumter: April 12, 1861
  • Confederate forces asked for its surrender.
  • Lincoln refused and sent ships with supplies.
  • Confederate cannons began firing on April 12, 1861. 
  • FortSumter fell 34 hours later.
  • The Civil War began.
overview of northern advantages
Overview of Northern Advantages
  • Larger population
    • North 22 million
    • South Only 9 million
  • More ships
  • Larger, more efficient railroad system
  • Lincoln - Very intelligent and dedicated
  • More industry - 81% of nation’s factories
  • Better banking system to raise $ for the war
    • 75% of nation’s wealth
overview of northern advantages13
Overview of Northern Advantages
  • Wealth produced:
    • Factory production
    • Textile goods produced
    • Iron production
    • Coal production
    • Farm acreage
    • Draft animals
    • Livestock
    • Wheat production
    • Corn production
overview of northern disadvantages
Overview of Northern Disadvantages
  • Fought on Southern lands
  • Divided support for the war
  • Many believed the South had good chance of winning
overview of southern advantages
Overview of Southern Advantages
  • Fighting a defensive war
    • Local support of all men
    • familiarity with terrain
  • Motivation: seeking independence, unified support
  • Short communication lines/ friendly population
  • Experienced officer corps- (Lee, Jackson, Pickett)
  • Cotton - necessary for textile factories of England and France
  • Slave Labor in the early part of the war
overview of southern disadvantages
Overview of Southern Disadvantages
  • Smaller population
  • Few factories to manufacture weapons and supplies
  • Poor transportation system
  • Weak federal government = not strong enough to control Southern states
    • Jefferson Davis did not have complete power like Lincoln
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OverviewNorth’sCivil WarStrategy:

“Anaconda”Plan

  • Goal: surround the Confederacy and squeeze them into submission
the anaconda plan
The Anaconda Plan
  • Capture Richmond and force surrender
  • Expel Confederates from border states
  • Control of the Mississippi River to Stop the transport of:
    • soldiers
    • Weapons
    • Ammunition
    • Clothes
    • Food
    • other supplies needed
  • Blockade southern ports to stop
    • cotton shipments
    • supplies from foreign nations
southern strategy
Southern Strategy
  • Goal: to be recognized as an independent nation in order to preserve their way of life
  • Defend its homeland, holding onto as much territory as possible until the North got tired of fighting
  • Capture Washington, D.C.
  • Control border states
  • Gain England's support
  • Expel Union troops from South