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Growth of the Chinese Empire. Social Studies Chapter 12. Section 3. Han Society and Achievements. Anticipatory Set. How would you define the term “values?” Think back on some examples of Confucian values and virtues. Standards. H-SS 6.6.6 –

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growth of the chinese empire

Growth of the Chinese Empire

Social Studies Chapter 12

section 3
Section 3

Han Society and Achievements

anticipatory set
Anticipatory Set

How would you define the term “values?”

Think back on some examples of Confucian values and virtues.

standards
Standards

H-SS 6.6.6 –

Detail the political contributions of the Han Dynasty to the development of the imperial bureaucratic state and the expansion of the empire

the big idea
The Big Idea

The Han Dynasty made aspects of life more uniform in China.

This, and Confucian values, were important contributions to the expansion and success of the Han Dynasty.

key terms
Key Terms

Ban Zhao

(bahn ZHOW)

Traditional arts – arts of China, including painting, sculpture, and poetry

han society and achievements
Han Society and Achievements
  • During the Han Dynasty, China’s population grew to about 60 million people
  • Ruling this population would have been impossible without a stable society
han society
Han Society
  • Han society was a mixture of peoples and cultures
  • Two forces bound these groups together:
    • The imperial bureaucratic state and its efforts to standardize life in China
    • Confucian values and virtues
the social order
The Social Order

Han society was divided into two main groups:

  • Nobles
  • Commoners
the social order1
The Social Order

Nobles:

  • Included the emperor and his family
  • The ruling families of China’s old kingdoms

Commoners:

  • Everyone else
the social order2
The Social Order

China’s social order was based on Confucian values

the social order3
The Social Order
  • In Confucian values mental work was valued more than physical labor
    • Scholars stood at the top of the social order
  • Physical work was valued more than making money
    • Famers and artisans occupied the center of the social order
  • Merchants did not produce anything
    • They stood on the bottom
family life
Family Life
  • The family stood at the center of Chinese society
  • Confucian teachings about family loyalty and respect for elders were key values
the role of women
The Role of Women
  • Although women had some rights in Han society, they played a subordinate (lower) role to men
  • Woman was expected to obey her husband and take care of her home
the role of women1
The Role of Women

One woman took a different path…

  • Ban Zhao received a good education (unlike most women of her time)
  • Later became a teacher and a historian in the royal court
  • Wrote “Lessons for Women”
    • Stated that young women deserved an education
economic life
Economic Life

Famers were the backbone of China’s economy

economic life1
Economic Life
  • Famers grew wheat, millet, barley, beans, and rice
  • Some nobles owned large estates where they raised livestock and silkworms
  • Silk production became an important industry during the Han period
economic life2
Economic Life

Other industries also become important:

  • Iron production
    • Making tools and weapons
  • Salt mining
economic life3
Economic Life
  • The strength of the Han economy could be seen in the size and splendor of Chang’an
    • The Han capital city
han society1
Han Society

Read Han Society on pages 340 – 342 of your textbook

han achievements
Han Achievements

The prosperity of Han China helped support many cultural achievements

china s traditional arts
China’s Traditional Arts

Traditional arts of China include:

  • Painting
  • Sculpture
  • Poetry
china s traditional arts1
China’s Traditional Arts
  • Han rulers created an official Bureau of Music
  • Musicians played drums, bells, flutes, and harps
  • Music and dancing were common at public festivals and ceremonies
advances in science
Advances in Science

Han China is known for advances in science and technology

advances in science1
Advances in Science
  • Han astronomers studied the sky and made important discoveries
  • Calculated the length of the solar year
  • Recorded eclipses of the sun and moon
  • Other discoveries led to the development of magnetic compasses
advances in science2
Advances in Science
  • Han doctors made progress in medicine
  • Explored medical uses of herbs
  • Understood the link between nutrition and health
  • Developed acupuncture
chinese inventions
Chinese Inventions

Han inventors produced important new tools:

  • Seismograph
  • Wheelbarrow
  • Paper
    • Made from rags, bark, and leaves
han achievements1
Han Achievements

Read Han Achievements on pages 343 – 345 of your textbook

check for understanding
Check for Understanding

Han society was divided into what two main groups?

What was Han China’s social order based on?

What were the three levels of Han China’s social order?

check for understanding1
Check for Understanding

Han society was divided into what two main groups?

Han society wad divided into nobles and commoners.

What was Han China’s social order based on?

Han China’s social order was based on Confucian values and virtues.

What were the three levels of Han China’s social order?

The three levels of Han China’s social order were merchants at the bottom level, farmers and artisans in the middle, and scholar’s at the top.

modeling guided independent
Modeling/Guided/Independent

Complete the Modeling, Guided Practice, and Independent Practice Sections of your China 12-3 Worksheet.