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The problem of staying single in Singapore. What kind of problems could there be with being single in Singapore?. The problem of staying single in Singapore. In this article, ..., Dora Cheok, discusses a campaign by the Singapore government, assisted by the (49) …. Paragraph 1.

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the problem of staying single in singapore
The problem of staying single in Singapore
  • What kind of problems could there be with being single in Singapore?
in this article dora cheok discusses a campaign by the singapore government assisted by the 49
In this article, ..., Dora Cheok, discusses a campaign by the Singapore government, assisted by the (49) …
in this article dora cheok discusses a campaign by the singapore government assisted by the 491
Paragraph 1.

“It’s about how the government has long been trying to pair singles together, and how the private sector is now getting involved in matchmaking as well.”

Who is helping the government in this campaign?

(49) private sector

In this article, ..., Dora Cheok, discusses a campaign by the Singapore government, assisted by the (49) …
which aims to persuade people especially women to 50 and 51 earlier1
Paragraph 1

“… the government has long been trying to pair singles together …”

Actually, the whole passage is about this.

(50) marry

Paragraph 3

“They’re not having children on time”.

Again, most of the passage is about this.

“to” tells us we need the bare infinitive.

(51) have children

…which aims to persuade people, especially women, to (50) and (51) earlier.
this campaign seems to be in response to concerns of the singapore government about 52 growth
This campaign seems to be in response to concerns of the Singapore government about (52) growth.
this campaign seems to be in response to concerns of the singapore government about 52 growth1
Paragraph 5

“Governments like Singapore’s are worried about low population growth and are doing their best to encourage women to get married and …”

What is the Singapore government concerned about?

(52) low population

This campaign seems to be in response to concerns of the Singapore government about (52) growth.
slide9

Cheok comments that it is common for the government to try (53) the behaviour of its citizens, referring to past campaigns promoting courtesy and (54) spitting as examples.

slide10
Para. 2: “I’m Singaporean and campaigns of all kinds are the norm where I grew up: courtesy campaigns, no-spitting campaigns, and even let’s-get-married campaigns.”

What is the gvt. trying to do to the behaviour of its citizens?

(53) to change/ to modify

promoting courtesy and _____ spitting

(54) not

Cheok comments that it is common for the government to try (53) the behaviour of its citizens, referring to past campaigns promoting courtesy and (54) spitting as examples.

the current trend is for asian women especially those with 55 levels to remain single longer
The current trend is for Asian women, especially those with (55) levels, to remain single longer ...
the current trend is for asian women especially those with 55 levels to remain single longer1
Paragraph 5

“There’s no denying that singles in Asia (women to be precise), particularly those with higher education, are opting to get married later, …”

What kind of women remain single longer?

(55) higher education

The current trend is for Asian women, especially those with (55) levels, to remain single longer ...
slide13
The Singapore government has responded by introducing (56): financial incentives to encourage parenthood.
slide14
Paragraph 5

“(They) are doing their best to encourage women to get married and have more babies by offering a whole range of incentives, known as baby bonuses.”

Version 2 gives us the name of the incentives and then explains what they are.

Version 1 explains that the government is giving incentives and then tells us what they’re called.

(56) baby bonuses

The Singapore government has responded by introducing (56): financial incentives to encourage parenthood.
cheok approves of this move because it 57 the sacrifices women make when they have children1
The reference to “this move” allows us to assume that the answer is close to the previous one. Paragraph 6.

“It’s very encouraging to see an Asian government acknowledging the fact that women must make big sacrifices in order to start a family.”

“because it acknowledging” is grammatically impossible.

Present tense.

(57) acknowledges

Cheok approves of this move because it (57) the sacrifices women make when they have children.
her own experience is that 58 members also frequently put 59 on her to find a mate1
Paragraph 4

I have been … the recipient of well meaning concern from my formidable family.”

Who wants her to find a mate?

(58) family

Her family is concerned but you can’t “put concern on”.

What word fits into this structure and keeps the overall meaning?

(59) pressure

Her own experience is that (58) members also frequently put (59) on her to find a mate.
cheok herself has strong reservations about young people rushing into early 60 and parenthood
Cheok herself has strong reservations about young people rushing into early (60) and parenthood.
cheok herself has strong reservations about young people rushing into early 60 and parenthood1
Paragraph 6

“What troubles me (is) … the idea that having children early in life is sound reason for getting married.”

Parenthood = having children

getting married = ?

Rush into something.

Early is an adjective so (60) is a noun.

(60) marriage

Cheok herself has strong reservations about young people rushing into early (60) and parenthood.
slide21
She cites the rising (61) across Asia, the high financial costs of raising children, and the stress of combining a (62) with parenthood ...
slide22
Paragraph 7

“ You need only look at increasing divorce rates throughout Asia to know …”

What is rising?

(61) divorce rates

Paragraph 8

“… you need a double-income … This means working parents have the added stress of two demanding careers within a family.”

(62) career

She cites the rising (61) across Asia, the high financial costs of raising children, and the stress of combining a (62) with parenthood ...
she notes that single parent households not an 63 for children are increasing1
Paragraph 7

“There’s a corresponding increase in the number of single-parent households - not the ideal environment for raising your child.”

This is easy if you know where to look.

(63) ideal environment

She notes that single-parent households, not an (63) for children, are increasing.
slide25
She claims that other factors such as (64) and (65) are still of fundamental importance in modern-day Asian marriage decisions.
slide26
Paragraph 9

“Let’s face it: most marriages in Asia aren’t about love; they’re about duty, obligation, and the meeting of expectations.”

What are the two factors mentioned?

(64) duty

(65) obligation

She claims that other factors such as (64) and (65) are still of fundamental importance in modern-day Asian marriage decisions.
slide27

Cheok recognises that there is a strong biological argument to have children early, since (66) decreases with age, and the chance of producing a child with (67) increases.

slide28
Paragraph 11

“As women approach their mid-30s, they face reduced fertility and the possibility of having a baby with a chromosome abnormality or other health problems.”

What decreases with age?

(66) fertility

There is no article in front of (67).

(67) health problems/ chromosome abnormalities

Cheok recognises that there is a strong biological argument to have children early, since (66) decreases with age, and the chance of producing a child with (67) increases.

slide29

On balance, however, she feels that important (68) about having a family should be made carefully, when the time and the person are “right”.

  • You do not need to refer to the passage.
  • She is talking about choosing the right time and person.
  • We know that we are looking for a noun because of “important”.
  • We’re speaking generally, so we need the plural form.
  • We are looking for a noun that can be used with the verb “make” in the passive voice.
  • (68) choices/decisions
a practical question for her is the practical one of whether the marriage 691
Paragraph 11

“Would that sort of marriage last?”

(69) would last

A practical question for her is the practical one of whether the marriage (69).