Dmytro Ostapenko email@example.com. War Communism . Industrial development of Russia in 1861-1900 Red circles – metal processing industry Blue – textile industry Yellow – food-processing industry .
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Red circles – metal processing industry
Blue – textile industry
Yellow – food-processing industry
Index of total output in the manufacturing and mining industries in Russia in 1860 -1913. 1900 = 100%
A Nove, An Economic History of the USSR, Penguin Press, London, 1969, p. 12.
A Nove, An Economic History of the USSR, Penguin Press, London, 1969, p. 24.
A Nove, An Economic History of the USSR, Penguin Press, London, 1969, p. 14.
Make profits of the capitalists public, arrest fifty or a hundred of the biggest millionaires. Just keep them in custody for a few weeks ... for the simple purpose of making them reveal the hidden springs, the fraudulent practices, the filth and green which even under the new government are costing our country thousands and millions every day. That is the chief cause of our anarchy and ruin!
Speech to the First Congress of Soviets
Decline of productivity, Prodrazverstka(confiscation of food surpluses), Narkomprod(People’s Commissariat for Supplies)
Shortages of agricultural and industrial goods. Needs of tougher state control over economy and nationalisation. Impossible to compel the factory owner and individual peasant to produce, while simultaneously ruining him by requisitions and restricting his links with the market. September 1919 – 3300 nationalised enterprises – only1375 were functioning. VSNVK tried to cope up with an impossible job. Industrial census taken in August 1920 - 37,000 nationalized enterprises.
Lack of goods to sell and problem of effective distribution.Decline of urban population. 60% illegal bread in cities.
. Printing press - ‘machine gun which attacked the bourgeois regime in the rear’ (Eugene Preobrazhensky). Naturalisation of economy and virtual abolition of money. Wages in kind. Moneyless budget
Source: A Nove, An Economic History of the USSR, Penguin Press, London, 1969, p. 68.