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A STUDY ON SUSTAINABILITY & WATER TREATMENT IN SINGAPORE (Comparative Study with Boston). Deh Chien Chen May 19, 2004. Boston Sources: - Local reservoirs-Quabbin, Wachsetts Water Pollution: - Wastewater - Runoffs

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a study on sustainability water treatment in singapore comparative study with boston
A STUDY ON SUSTAINABILITY & WATER TREATMENT IN SINGAPORE (Comparative Study with Boston)

Deh Chien Chen

May 19, 2004

water sources
Boston

Sources:

- Local reservoirs-Quabbin, Wachsetts

Water Pollution:

- Wastewater

- Runoffs

MDC rangers, in partnership with MWRA, patrol Quabbin & Wachusett Reservoirs /incoming streams within watershed every day

Masschusetts DEP made regular checks on waterways

Water Sources

Singapore

  • Sources:

- Local reservoirs-MacRitchie, Pierce, Seletar

- Foreign, Malaysia

  • Water Pollution:

-domestic wastewater

- industrial effluent: pre-treated to stipulated stds before discharge into sewage or watercourse where public sewer not available

  • MOE made regular checks that wastewater is not discharged into watercourses
slide13

During the production of NEWater, the membrane technology has taken away the minerals and nutrients in NEWater. Hence mixing NEWater with reservoir water is the easiest way to put back the minerals and nutrients into the water.

Indirect Potable Use In Singapore

slide14

Comparison of Singapore Tap Water Quality with U.S.A., Canada, E.E.C., W.H.O. Guidelines, and Water Quality Standards of EPA, R.O.C. Microbial Parameters