1700-present. Miss Holz’s Brief US HISTORY REGENTS REVIEW. US Geography/ Map Skills. Sectionalism: New Colonies. New England Middle Colonies Southern Colonies. Democracy/* Popular Sovereignty. Magna Carta English Bill of Rights Enlightenment – “Natural rights”. Against Absolutism.
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1700-present Miss Holz’s Brief US HISTORY REGENTS REVIEW
Sectionalism: New Colonies • New England • Middle ColoniesSouthern Colonies
Democracy/* Popular Sovereignty • Magna Carta • English Bill of Rights • Enlightenment – “Natural rights” Against Absolutism
Examples of “self” government • Mayflower Compact • Town Hall Meetings • House of Burgesses
Mercantilism: trade from all countries funnel to mother country • Triangle Trade • Navigation Acts: GB in charge! • “Salutary neglect”
French and Indian War • French vs. Great Britain • Ohio River Valley • British debt
British has to pay debts Boston Massacre Boston Tea Party -colonist response • Stamp Act • Townshend Act • Sugar Acts
Intolerable Acts 1774 • Punish the colonies for their response
American Revolution 1776 • Declaration of Independence : Thomas Jefferson • Thomas Pain “Common Sense” pamplet
Turning Point • Battle of Saratoga
End of the Revolution • Treaty of Paris 1783: Freedom
“critical period” – do or die! • Articles of Confederation first government:
The Great Compromise • “bicameral” : 2 houses in congress House and Senate Supporters?
Whiskey Rebellion • Washington is president • Uses LAW ENFORCEMENT (first time)
Judicial Review • Marbury v. Madison
The Slave Debate:Pre Civil War • The Missouri Compromise: 36’30
Abolitionists • William Llyod Garrison • Fredrick Douglas • Harriet Tubman • Harriet Beecher Stowe
Underlying causes of the Civil War • Compromise of 1850 • Fugitive Slave Law • Kansas Nebraska Act • Dred Scott • John Brown’s Raid
Abraham Lincoln • DID NOT WANT TO END SLAVERY BUT WANTED TO STOP THE SPREAD!
Turning point: Gettysburg • To end the war Lincoln knew he had to abolish slavery
Transcontinental Railroad • East-west • Travel and trade • New jobs • New towns
Robber baron v. Captain of Industry • Rockefeller (Standard Oil)
Why labor unions? • Working conditions • Rights • Knights of Labor • Triangle Shirtwaist effects
Immigration : Ellis Island, NY • Push factors • From homeland • Pull factors • From US
Americanization • Assimilating • Nativists views
Progressive Era: Reform • Muckrakers: • - Jacob Riis: How the other half lives • - Upton Sinclair : The Jungle • - Ida Tarbell: Standard Oil
Reform Movements • Abolition • Temperance • Women’s Rights • Education • Second Great Awakening Fight for the oppressed .
Theodore Roosevelt • Square deal • Conservationist • Trustbuster
Women’s suffrage movement • 19th amendment: right to vote • Seneca Falls • Mott, Stanton, Anthony • Roles change during WWI and WWII
Imperialism in disguise ? • THE TURNING POIN IN AMERICA FOREIGN POLITICS : THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR.
Yellow journalism The Maine Causes of the Spanish American War Economic Interest DeLome Letter
Imperialism policies • Open door policy • Boxer rebellion • Panama canal • Big stick policy Acquiring Hawaii And Alaska
Causes of WWI • Militarism • Alliances • Imperialism • Nationalism Spark : Assassination of Franz Ferdinand
Zimmerman telegram Why did the US get involved in WWI? Submarine warfare Lusitania
WWI changes wars • Technology • Selective service act • Women in the war • Propaganda
End of WWI • Treaty of Versailles: cause WWII: German reparation • Fourteen Points • League of Nations
Roaring 20s changes in Society • Flappers • Harlem Renaissance • Prohibition • Icons: Babe Ruth, Langston Hughes, John Steinbeck
Harding Coolidge economic policies • 20s is a boom in the economy • Pro business • Laissez faire
The Great Depression • Causes: lack of govt regulation • “buying on the margin” • Over production • International debt