First 7 Presidents Review. GEORGE WASHINGTON. A. What was Washington’s foreign policy? Neutrality- not taking sides, staying out of it. B. Define impressment. To force men into military service (the British were doing this to American sailors).
A. What was Washington’s foreign policy?
Neutrality- not taking sides, staying out of it
B. Define impressment
To force men into military service
(the British were doing this to American sailors)
A civil uprising of farmers against the taxing power of the federal government
C. What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
D. How did George Washington feel about political parties?
He thought they were evil because they were a threat to the ability of people in the government to work together (ex: Hamilton and Jefferson)
A. What was the Alien Act?
A law that gave the president power to deport or imprison aliens in an effort to protect national security.
B. What is the Sedition Act?
A law that that made it a crime to speak, write, or publish “false, scandalous, or malicious” criticisms of the government. Limited the 1st amendment in an effort to protect national security.
A. Why was Napoleon willing to sell the Louisiana Territory?
He needed the money to fight Britain
B. Why did Jefferson want the Louisiana Territory?
He wanted the Port of New Orleans and the Mississippi River for trade.
A. List causes of the War of 1812
British impressment of soldiers
British were arming Native Americans against the USA
Federalist party disappeared
Native Americans were unified and armed
B. List effects of the War of 1812
“Oh say can you see…
It’s Fort McHenry!”
E. During which battle was the Star-Spangled Banner written?
F. Who was the leader in the Battle of New Orleans?
H. What treaty ended the War of 1812?
A. What was the Missouri Compromise? What states did it add?
It kept the number of free and slave states balanced. The North was free and the South had slaves. Missouri and Maine were added.
B. What were the causes of the Monroe Doctrine?
*Europe should not settle in North America or Latin America.
US would protect Latin America
US will stay out of Europe
D. What did the Adams-Onis Treaty say?
E. Where did the Seminole Indians live?
F. What was this “era” called (years of hottie Monroe)?
The Era of Good Feelings
A. How did Adams win the election of 1824?
He made a “corrupt” deal with the Speaker of the House. He promised to name Clay as his Secretary of State.
A. Describe how Jackson was the common man.
B. Why did Jackson’s “common man” campaign work?
C. What is the spoils system?
The president replaces government workers with his supporters.
D. Which part of the country did not like the tariff?
E. Define “nullify”
The right to cancel unfair laws. Calhoun argued that states could nullify the tariff.
F. Define “secede’
To leave the Union. South Carolina threatened to secede as a result of the tariff debate.
He forced their relocation to Oklahoma by signing the Indian Removal Act in 1830.
G. What was Jackson’s policy concerning the Native Americans?
H. What was the Trail of Tears?
The forced movement of Native Americans in the 1830s.
I. Who was the Vice President for JQ Adams and Jackson but resigned due to his feelings about state’s rights?
The president can use military to enforce acts of Congress
B. Which parties favored a strong central government?
Democratic- Republicans and Democrats
The Causes and Effects of Political Parties