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First 7 Presidents Review. GEORGE WASHINGTON. A. What was Washington’s foreign policy? Neutrality- not taking sides, staying out of it. B. Define impressment. To force men into military service (the British were doing this to American sailors).

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george washington
GEORGE WASHINGTON

A. What was Washington’s foreign policy?

Neutrality- not taking sides, staying out of it

B. Define impressment

To force men into military service

(the British were doing this to American sailors)

slide3

A civil uprising of farmers against the taxing power of the federal government

C. What was the Whiskey Rebellion?

D. How did George Washington feel about political parties?

He thought they were evil because they were a threat to the ability of people in the government to work together (ex: Hamilton and Jefferson)

john adams 2 nd president
John Adams- 2nd President

A. What was the Alien Act?

A law that gave the president power to deport or imprison aliens in an effort to protect national security.

B. What is the Sedition Act?

A law that that made it a crime to speak, write, or publish “false, scandalous, or malicious” criticisms of the government. Limited the 1st amendment in an effort to protect national security.

jefferson
Jefferson

A. Why was Napoleon willing to sell the Louisiana Territory?

He needed the money to fight Britain

B. Why did Jefferson want the Louisiana Territory?

He wanted the Port of New Orleans and the Mississippi River for trade.

madison
Madison

A. List causes of the War of 1812

British impressment of soldiers

British were arming Native Americans against the USA

slide9

British recognized US boundaries and stayed out of the Northwest

Pride

Industry grew

Federalist party disappeared

Native Americans were unified and armed

B. List effects of the War of 1812

c describe how each region felt about the war of 1812
C. Describe how each region felt about the War of 1812
  • North-East: againstwar (merchants)
  • North-West: for war (Canada)
  • South: for war (Florida)
d describe the following terms people
D. Describe the following terms/people:
  • War Hawks: Americans who wanted to go to war in 1812, led by Clay
  • Tippecanoe: the battle with Native Americans that proved that British were arming them.
  • Tecumseh: organized the Native Americans into a confederacy to claim their right to land.
  • Francis Scott Key: wrote the “Star- Spangled Banner”
slide12

Fort McHenry

“Oh say can you see…

It’s Fort McHenry!”

E. During which battle was the Star-Spangled Banner written?

F. Who was the leader in the Battle of New Orleans?

Andrew Jackson

slide13

G. What city did the British burn?

Washington DC

H. What treaty ended the War of 1812?

Ghent

monroe
Monroe

A. What was the Missouri Compromise? What states did it add?

It kept the number of free and slave states balanced. The North was free and the South had slaves. Missouri and Maine were added.

slide15

Latin Americans rebelled

  • *Countries in Latin America won independence from Spain and Portugal.
  • US feared that European counties would try colonizing in North and South America

B. What were the causes of the Monroe Doctrine?

slide16

C. What did the Monroe Doctrine state?

*Europe should not settle in North America or Latin America.

US would protect Latin America

US will stay out of Europe

slide17

Gave Florida to the USA and defined the Spanish territory boundaries

D. What did the Adams-Onis Treaty say?

E. Where did the Seminole Indians live?

Florida

F. What was this “era” called (years of hottie Monroe)?

The Era of Good Feelings

john quincy adams 6 th president
John Quincy Adams- 6th President

A. How did Adams win the election of 1824?

He made a “corrupt” deal with the Speaker of the House. He promised to name Clay as his Secretary of State.

jackson
Jackson

A. Describe how Jackson was the common man.

  • Born in a log cabin, no college education
  • Supported equal benefits and protection for the common man.
  • Support the white settlers by giving them Indian land
  • Believed that ordinary men could work in the government. He hired people like him.
slide20

Voting laws changed, allowing more “common men” to vote.

B. Why did Jackson’s “common man” campaign work?

C. What is the spoils system?

The president replaces government workers with his supporters.

slide21

South

D. Which part of the country did not like the tariff?

E. Define “nullify”

The right to cancel unfair laws. Calhoun argued that states could nullify the tariff.

F. Define “secede’

To leave the Union. South Carolina threatened to secede as a result of the tariff debate.

slide22

He forced their relocation to Oklahoma by signing the Indian Removal Act in 1830.

G. What was Jackson’s policy concerning the Native Americans?

H. What was the Trail of Tears?

The forced movement of Native Americans in the 1830s.

slide23

I. Who was the Vice President for JQ Adams and Jackson but resigned due to his feelings about state’s rights?

Calhoun

  • J. What was the Force Act?

The president can use military to enforce acts of Congress

political parties
Political Parties
  • Hamilton- Federalist, supported national bank
  • Jefferson- Democratic-Republican, favored rule by the people
  • John Adams- Federalist, hated France
  • J.Q. Adams- Democratic-Republican (Federalists disappeared), National Republican (2nd election)
  • Jackson- Democratic-Republican, Democrat (2nd election)
  • Clay- Democratic-Republican, hated Britain
slide25

Federalists and National Republicans

B. Which parties favored a strong central government?

  • C. Which parties favored states rights and power for common people?

Democratic- Republicans and Democrats

slide26

List one item in each side of the chart:

The Causes and Effects of Political Parties