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Health Care Reform: Employer Issues and Responsibilities National Association of Health Underwriters April 28, 2010 PowerPoint Presentation
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Health Care Reform: Employer Issues and Responsibilities National Association of Health Underwriters April 28, 2010. Confused – Implementation Overload!!. DON’T PANIC YET !! Don’t memorize this! We are at the e nd of the beginning—7 to 10 years of rule making and changes.

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Health Care Reform:Employer Issues and ResponsibilitiesNational Association of Health UnderwritersApril 28, 2010

confused implementation overload
Confused – Implementation Overload!!

DON’T

PANIC

YET!!

Don’t memorize this! We are at the

end of the beginning—7 to 10 years of rule making and changes

recap on legislation
Recap on Legislation
  • President signed Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) on March 23
  • Reconciliation bill signed on March 30
  • Interpretation of legislation now requires examining three sources:
    • Senate-passed bill, H.R. 3590 (now P.L. 111-148)
    • Manager’s amendment to the Senate bill
    • Reconciliation bill, H.R. 4872
    • Very important: Check all three sources when considering how the bill works
example annual limits
Example: Annual Limits
  • Original Senate bill
    • No “unreasonable” annual limits
    • Not applicable to grandfathered plans
    • Manager’s Amendment
      • No annual limits on essential benefits prior to 2014, except as permitted by Secretary of HHS
      • Not applicable to grandfathered plans
      • Reconciliation bill
        • Limits determined by the Secretary also apply to grandfathered plans prior to 2014
employer responsibilities
Employer Responsibilities
  • Key Concepts
    • Applies to “large” employers with 50 or more employees
    • “Grandfathering” rules do not apply to these provisions
    • Individuals can satisfy their coverage requirement by enrolling in an employer plan, a government sponsored plan or a plan in an insurance exchange
    • Unlike original House bill (approved last November), large employers are not required to meet minimum benefit requirements (applicable to individual and small groups) or make minimum contributions to premiums
what the ppaca does immediately
What the PPACA Does Immediately
  • Individuals and employer group plans that wish to keep their current policy on a grandfathered basis can if the only plan changes made are to add or delete new employee/dependents or part of a collective bargaining agreement
  • The reconciliation bill eliminates the ability of plans to grandfather in a number of areas
    • If you lose your grandfathered status, that DOES NOT MEAN you will be forced into an Exchange in 2014
ppaca in 2010
PPACA in 2010
  • Eligible small businesses are eligible for phase one of the small business premium tax credit.
    • Small employers with fewer than 25 employees will receive a maximum credit, based on number of employees, of up to 50% of premiums by 2014 for up to 2 years if the employer contributes at least 50% of the total premium cost.
    • Businesses do not have to have a tax liability to be eligible
    • Non-profits are eligible
    • Average salary must be $50,000 or less
ppaca in 20101
PPACA in 2010
  • Temporary reinsurance program for employers that provide retiree health coverage for employees over age 55 begins within 90 days of enactment
  • All group plans will be required to comply with the Internal Revenue Section 105(h) rules that prohibit discrimination in favor of highly compensated individuals within six months of enactment
  • Deductibility for Part D subsidies is eliminated in 2013, but this results in an immediate accounting impact
ppaca in 20102
PPACA in 2010
  • Creates high-risk pool coverage for people who cannot obtain current individual coverage due to preexisting conditions.
    • Employers cannot put people in the pool—would pay penalty
  • This national program can work with existing state high-risk pools and will end on January 1, 2014, once the Exchanges become operational and the other preexisting condition and guarantee issue provisions take effect
  • Financed by a $5 billion appropriation
the senate bill in 2010
The Senate Bill in 2010
  • Requires the states and the Secretary of HHS to develop information portal options for state residents to obtain uniform information on sources of affordable coverage, including an Internet site.
    • The roll out date for this is July 1, 2010
    • Information must be provided on private health coverage options, Medicaid, CHIP, the new high-risk pool coverage and existing state high-risk pool options.
ppaca in 20103
PPACA in 2010
  • Lifetime limits on the dollar value of benefits for any participant or beneficiary for all fully insured and self-insured groups and individual plans including grandfathered plans are prohibited starting with plan years following six months of enactment
  • Annual limits will be allowed prohibited completely by January 1, 2014 and regulations will be out soon describing very limited use until then
ppaca in 20104
PPACA in 2010
  • All group and individual plans, including self-insured plans, within six months of enactment, will have to cover dependents up to age 26
  • The reconciliation package:
    • Extended this requirement to grandfathered plans
    • Established that dependents could be married and would be eligible for the group health insurance income tax exclusion
    • Established through 2014, grandfathered group plans would only have to cover dependents that do not have another source of employer-sponsored coverage
ppaca in 20105
PPACA in 2010
  • Health coverage rescissions will be prohibited for all health insurance markets except for cases of fraud or intentional misrepresentation on plan years following six months from the date of enactment
  • All group and individual health plans, including self-insured plans, will have to cover preexisting conditions for children 19 and under for plan years beginning on or after six months after date of enactment
ppaca in 20106
PPACA in 2010
  • For all group and individual plans, including self-insured plans, emergency services covered in-network regardless of provider
  • Enrollees may designate any in-network primary care physician as their primary care physician
  • New coverage appeal process
  • Federal grant program for small employers providing wellness programs to their employees will take effect on October 1, 2010
ppaca in 20107
PPACA in 2010
  • For all group and individual health plans, mandates coverage of specific preventive services with no cost sharing
    • Grandfathered plans are not required to comply
  • Minimum covered services are specified based on existing federal guidelines on specific topics
  • This may ultimate be a significant cost increase for many plans.
    • Unclear if dental and vision for children will be included in the preventive care requirements
    • Impact may be immediate in 2010 or in 2014 with essential benefits package
ppaca in 20108
PPACA in 2010
  • Establishes federal review of health insurance premium rates
  • Secretary of HHS, in conjunction with the states, will have new authority to monitor health insurance carrier premium increases beginning in 2010 to prevent unreasonable increases and publicly disclose such information
  • Carriers that have a pattern of unreasonable increases may be barred from participating in the exchange
  • In addition, $250,000,000 is appropriated for state grants to increase their review and approval process of health insurance carrier premium rate increases
ppaca in 2011 and 2012
PPACA in 2011 and 2012
  • All employers must include on their W2s the aggregate cost of employer-sponsored health benefits
  • If employee receives health insurance coverage under multiple plans, the employer must disclose the aggregate value of all such health coverage,
    • Excludes all contributions to HSAs and Archer MSAs and salary reduction contributions to FSAs
    • Applies to benefits provided during taxable years after December 31, 2010
  • A new federal tax on fully insured and self-funded group plans, equal to $2 per enrollee, takes effect to fund federal comparative effectiveness research takes effect in 2012
ppaca in 2013
PPACA in 2013
  • Additional 0.9% Medicare Hospital Insurance tax on self-employed individuals and employees with respect to earnings and wages received during the year above $200,000 for individuals and above $250,000 for joint filers (not indexed)
    • Self-employed individuals are not permitted to deduct any portion of the additional tax
  • Reconciliation measure levied a new 3.8% additional Medicare contribution on certain unearned income from individuals with AGI over $200,000 ($250,000 for joint filers)
ppaca in 2014
PPACA in 2014
  • Imposes new annual taxes / fees (non-deductible) on private health insurers based on net premiums
    • $8.1 billion annually beginning in 2014 and rising to $14.3 billion by 2018 (and indexed for medical inflation thereafter)
    • Small businesses and employees could be disproportionately affected because tax only applies to fully insured health benefits (self-funded plans exempt)
ppaca in 20141
PPACA in 2014
  • Coverage must be offered on a guarantee issue basis in all markets and be guarantee renewable
  • Exclusions based on preexisting conditions would be prohibited in all markets
  • Full prohibition on any annual limits or lifetime limits in all group (even self-funded plans) or individual plans
  • Redefines small group coverage as 1-100 employees.
    • States may also elect to reduce this number to 50 for plan years prior to January 1, 2016
employer responsibilities1
Employer Responsibilities
  • Effective starting January 1, 2014
  • Employer must count all full-time employees and part-time employees – on a full-time equivalent basis – in determining if they have 50 or more employees
    • Certain seasonal workers are not counted in determining if employer has 50 workers
    • Full-time = 30 or more hours per week, determined on a monthly basis
    • Penalties assessed for “no coverage” or coverage that is not “affordable”
no coverage
No Coverage
  • If an employer fails to provide its full-time employees (and their dependents) the opportunity to enroll in “minimum essential coverage,” and
  • One or more full-time employees enrolls for coverage in an exchange and qualifies for a premium tax credit or cost-sharing reduction, then
  • Employer penalty = $2,000 for each of its full-time employees in the workforce
unaffordable coverage
Unaffordable Coverage
  • If employer offers its full-time employees (and their dependents) the opportunity to enroll in minimum essential coverage, and
  • One or more full-time employees enrolls for coverage in an exchange and qualifies for a premium tax credit or cost sharing reduction because
    • The employee’s share of the premium exceed 9.5% of income, or
    • The actuarial value of the coverage was less than 60%, then
    • Employer penalty = $3,000 for each full-time employee who receives a tax credit or cost-sharing reduction
additional details
Additional Details
  • Actuarial value = the portion of allowable costs paid by plan.
  • Penalties assessed on a monthly basis.
  • No penalties assessed on first 30 full-time employees.
  • No penalties apply to part-time employees.
  • No penalties for waiting periods (if any), not exceeding 90 days.
  • Total “affordability” penalty is capped. May not exceed penalty for “no coverage.”
  • Employer does not determine if employee is eligible for premium tax credit based on household income, but is notified by the exchange if full-time employee qualifies.
other responsibilities
Other Responsibilities
  • Employers must automatically enroll “new full-time employees” in employer-sponsored coverage
    • Must provide adequate notice and opportunity to opt out
    • Applies to employers with “more than 200 full-time employees”
    • No effective date specified, but must be “in accordance with regulations promulgated by the Secretary (of DoL)…” (so presumably not effective until regulations are issued)
  • Notice to current employees and new hires about exchange and subsidies
    • Existence of exchange, services and how to obtain assistance
    • Availability of premium assistance if plan value below 60%
    • Loss of employer contribution and tax exclusion for contribution
    • Effective March 1, 2013
other responsibilities1
Other Responsibilities
  • Annual reporting to Secretary of Treasury
    • Whether employer offers minimum essential coverage to full-time employees
    • Any waiting period for coverage
    • Monthly premium for lowest cost option in each enrollment category under the plan
    • Employer’s share of the total allowed cost of benefits provided under the plan
    • Number of full-time employees during each month
    • Name, address and TIN of each full-time employee and months they were covered by employer’s plan
    • “Such other information as the Secretary may require…”
free choice vouchers
“Free-Choice” Vouchers
  • Effective January 1, 2014 and applies to employers that offer coverage and pay a portion of the cost
  • Qualified employees must have income below 400% of federal poverty level, and
    • Employee contribution to premium is between 8% and 9.5% of income
    • Does not participate in employer plan
    • Voucher amount = the cost “which would have been paid by the employer if the employee were covered under the plan with respect to which the employer pays the largest portion of the cost of the plan…” (Self-only or family coverage, depending on the employee’s election.)
free choice vouchers1
“Free-Choice” Vouchers
  • Credited by the exchange for the cost of any coverage the employee elects. Employer pays exchange credit amount.
  • “Excess amounts” are paid to the employee
  • Voucher amounts are excluded from income for the employee and deductible for the employer
  • Employee who receives voucher does not also qualify for a premium tax credit in a health insurance exchange
  • Many unresolved issues around amount employer must contribute and which “plan” to consider for determining if employee cost falls between 8 and 9.5%
what can you do
What can you do?

We need your Questions—we will be forwarding these to our regulatory contacts—send them to reformimplementation@nahu.org

Those of you with “practical” business knowledge give a different perspective.

Talk with your clients, your payroll vendors and tax advisors.

We will update you as more information is available.

discussion and questions
Discussion and Questions

Peter J. Stein

NAHU Vice President of Congressional Affairs

(703) 276-3801

pstein@nahu.org