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Emergency Preparedness Required Training . SLCC. Phases of Emergency Management. Protection (prevention). Mitigation . Preparedness. Recovery . Response. Emergency Terms Defined.

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Emergency Preparedness Required Training

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phases of emergency management
Phases of Emergency Management







emergency terms defined
Emergency Terms Defined
  • Mitigation-focuses on the impact of a hazard, represents the sustained actions a jurisdiction takes to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to people and property.
  • Preparedness-ensures that if disaster occurs, people are ready to get through it safely, and respond to it effectively. This is done by training, information, preparation, drills, exercises.
  • Response- is the actions taken in the immediate aftermath of an event to save lives, meet basic human needs, and reduce the loss of property and the effect on critical infrastructure and the environment
  • Recovery- is both short-term and long-term efforts for the rebuilding and revitalization of affected communities.
  • Protection (Prevention)-Action taken to avoid and incident. Stopping an incident from occurring. Deterrence operations and surveillance.
emergency or catastrophic disaster
Emergency or Catastrophic Disaster

The Emergency

How did the Titanic Sink?

What we don’t see


Immediate Response Chart


Utah Division of Emergency Management (State EOC)





Each Areas must use all resources available

before it moves to next level

why do we prepare
Why Do We Prepare??
  • In the simplest of terms:

It is about saving lives!

  • Whose lives?

Your Own

Your Family

Your Loved Ones

Your Friends

knowing your surroundings
Knowing your surroundings


  • Where is the nearest Fire Extinguisher?
  • For emergency medical aid where is the nearest AED? Do you know how to operate it?
  • If you knew there was a Violent Intruder in the building, what would you do?
  • If you had to evacuate this building where is your assemble point?
  • What do you do for Winter and Cold Weather?
  • Emergency Alert System? What is it?

Salt Lake Community College




Operating a Fire Extinguisher

Always operate extinguisher in upright position. As shown in figure, the acronym to remember when operating a portable extinguisher is PASS: Pull, Aim, Squeeze, Sweep. Aim at base of fire

Training found on SLCC website:


h e a r t s t a r t o n s i t e d e f i b r i l l a t o r

H e a r t S t a r t O n S i t e D e f i b r i l l a t o r

Know where the locations are and follow the instructions

violent intruder procedures
Violent Intruder Procedures

Academic and Administrative Buildings

  • Faculty and/or Staff should immediately lock students and themselves in the classroom or office.
  • Call 911 immediately.
  • If possible, cover all windows or openings that have a direct line of sight into the hallway.
  • Do NOT activate the building fire alarm system.
  • Lock all windows and close any curtains or blinds. Then…..
    • Stay away from windows and doors.
    • Turn off all lights and audio equipment.
    • Try to remain calm and keep everyone together and quiet.
  • If you are not in a classroom or office get to one as quickly as possible.
  • Remain in the classroom or office until emergency response personnel notify you that it is safe.

Evacuation and Assemble Points

  • Evacuation! It is always required? When do you need to evacuate?
  • Do you have a Plan? (where do we go?)
  • (Primary & Secondary Routes) (accountability)
    • Shelter In Place?
    • What do you do in a Fire?
    • Earthquake?
  • The main thing is to for every instructor/student to support evacuation by ensuring room is secure,(everyone in/out) lights off, take/Secure your personal items , and door locked. Then as a Bldg Marshal checks the floor if the room is locked and lights off the room is secure and move to next one until floor is secure room by room including restrooms (be careful, just yell in for support that maybe needed)
  • Everyone to go to assemble point for accountability and safety.
be prepared for winter before the storm strikes continued
Be Prepared... For Winter Before the Storm Strikes (continued)
  • In vehicles (cars, trucks, snowmobiles):
  • Fully check and winterize your vehicle
  • Carry a winter storm survival kit: blankets/sleeping bags, flashlight, first-aid kit, knife, non-perishable food, extra clothing, a large empty can and plastic cover with tissues and paper towels for sanitary purposes, a smaller can and water-proof matches to melt snow for drinking water, sand, shovel, windshield scraper, tool kit, tow rope, booster cables, water container, and road maps
  • Keep your gas tank near full
  • Carry a cell phone
  • Let someone know your itinerary
  • Utah Department of Transportation CommuterLink (http://commuterlink.utah.gov or via phone at 511 (within Utah) and 866-511-UTAH (out of state)

Following a disaster or other significant event and during the initial stages of response, all levels of Federal, State and Local governments unanimously state that we must be Prepared to be on our own for at least 72-hours or longer.

“Any community that fails to prepare with the idea that somehow, in the end, the federal government will be able to rescue them will be tragically wrong.”

-Michael Leavitt, Former U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services

preparing makes sense
Preparing Makes Sense

The likelihood that you and your family will survive a disaster depends your preparation. For YOU to ACT, GO, DO depends on what you prepare for now!

  • Get a Kit of Emergency Supplies

2. Make a Plan for what you will do in an emergency

3. Be Informed about what might happen

4 Get Involved in preparing your community


Breaking News

How many Earthquakes does Utah have a day?

What would you do for a

7.0 magnitude earthquake ?

Utah has on the average of 14 earthquakes through out the state a day. Most of Utah's earthquakes are under a 2.0 in magnitude

Utah has 700 earthquakes a year .


Shaking intensity

  • The earthquake lasts as long as 1 minute in some areas
  • It affects 80% of the population of Utah
    • From Brigham City to Santaquin
    • Covering 120 miles from north to south
  • High chance for Aftershocks
    • Statistically, expect one 6.0 M and several 5.0 M within 72 hours



devastating effects of and earthquake along the wasatch front
Devastating effects of and Earthquake along the Wasatch Front
  • Estimation of what damages could be:
  • 2,289 Dead & 31,000 injured
  • $70,000,000,000 billion dollars in damages and losses
  • 64,000 Buildings collapsed
    • Water, Gas, Power lines “Life lines severed”
    • Critical Facilities Damaged “Hospital, Schools, Police/Fire Stations”
    • Transportation Impacted “ Airport, Highways, Bridges, Railways”
    • Major Fires along the front “Homes & Businesses”
    • 97,000 House Hold displaces all seeking shelter, food & water
cert teams review
CERT Teams Review
  • The following are key points of the disaster preparedness unit:
  • Home and workplace preparedness:
  • Assembling a disaster supply kit
  • Developing a disaster plan (your Area)
  • Developing a safe room
  • Evacuation versus sheltering in place
  • Specific preparedness measures for high-risk hazards (including violet intruder/terrorism)



CERT Equipment Checklist

  • CERT Bag
  • Water-2 bottles per S&R team
  • Non-perishable food
  • Water purification tablets
  • Leather work gloves
  • Goggles
  • Dust masks
  • Flashlight
  • Batteries/extra bulbs
  • Secondary flashlight/light sticks
  • Note pads
  • Markers
  • Pens
  • Duct tape
  • Masking tape (2”)
  • Scissors
  • Crescent wrench
  • First aid kit
  • Orange spray paint
  • Triage tape
  • Utility knife

Check for Out date items for replacement


Before you leave your Area...

  • Check Staff/Students to ensure safety
  • Inspect area for damage
  • Inspect utilities and secure as needed
  • Call contacts at _________
  • Get Area disaster supplies
size up the situation
Size Up the Situation
  • Size-up: What are these Steps?
  • Firefighting resources:
  • General resources available
  • Portable fire extinguishers, their capabilities and limitations
cert size up
CERT Size-Up

Answer these questions:

  • Can my buddy and I
    • fight the fire safely?
    • Enter the building safety? (smells) (power)
    • See any physical damage?
  • Do we have the right equipment?
  • Are there other hazards?
  • Is the building structurally damaged?
  • Can we escape?
  • Can you hear anyone in need of help?
  • Report It?
cert team support
CERT Team Support
  • Conducting triage
  • Head-to-toe assessments
  • Wound care
  • Special considerations when head, neck, or spinal injuries are suspected
  • Treatment area considerations
  • Splinting and bandaging

Safety considerations:

  • Safety equipment must be used at all times.
  • CERT members must always use the buddy system.
  • Fire suppression group leaders should always have a back-up team available.

Triage in a Disaster Environment

Triage, like other disaster response efforts, begins with size-up. The general procedure for triage in a disaster environment is as follows:

  • Stop, Look, Listen, and Think.Before you start, stop and size up the situation by looking around you and listening. Above all, THINK about how you will approach the task at hand. Continue to size up the situation as you work.
  • Conduct Voice Triage. Begin with voice triage, calling out something like, “Emergency Response Team. If you can walk, come to the sound of my voice.” Instruct those survivors who are ambulatory to remain at a designated location, and continue with the triage operation.
  • Follow a Systematic Route. Start with victims closest to you and work outward in a systematic fashion.

Triage in a Disaster Environment


  • Conduct Triage Evaluation. Evaluate victims and tag them I (immediate), D (delayed), or DEAD. Remember to evaluate the walking wounded. Everyone must get a tag.
  • Treat “I” Victims Immediately.Initiate airway management, bleeding control, and/or treatment for shock for Category I (immediate) victims.
  • Document Results.Document triage results for:
    • Effective deployment of resources.
    • Information on locations of victims
    • A quick record of the number of casualties by degree of severity.
  • This will be very useful information for responders and transportation units.
  • Always wear protective gear when performing triage, so that you do not endanger your own health.
search and how to
Search and How to
  • Search techniques:
  • Be systematic and thorough
  • Mark areas searched
  • Document search results
  • Rescue techniques:
  • Leverage and cribbing
  • Lifts and drags
search methods
Search Methods
  • Call out to victims.
  • Use systematic search pattern.
  • Stop frequently to listen.
  • Triangulate.
  • Mark searched areas to document results.
  • Report results.



When you enter

When you exit

Second slash

Structure or room

(Identify victims & hazards)

Single slash

Structure or room

Physical Search-Interior

Search Assessment

Date & Time that

task force left

Task force identifier



First slash made

when entering

Second slash

made as exiting

Number of live and dead victims




Included with the DOT placards are United Nations identification

numbers specific to each transported substance. The numbers are

displayed inside the placard or in an orange rectangle immediately

below the placard.

DOT placards should be a stop sign for CERT

members. If they are present, there is danger. STOP!





Identifying HAZMATs in Transit


Hazard class


HAZMAT Procedure

Contact 801-957-3800 or 801-957-4902


Utility Shut-Offs

Gas Meter and

Shut-Off Valve

Water Shut-Off


Gas Meter and

Shut-Off Valve


Label for quick identification

Have wrench stored in a specific location where it will be immediately available



Electrical Shut-Off

Step 2

Step 1






  • The following are key points for terrorism:
  • CBRNE indicators
  • C - ChemicalB - BiologicalR - RadiologicalN - NuclearE - high-yield Explosives
  • CERT protocols for Violet Intruder/terrorist incidents.
  • Protective actions following a Violet

Intruder/terrorist incident

get everyone involved
Get Everyone Involved


  • Ask support from your Staff/Instructors/ Students.
  • Informed them of what is going on.
  • Teach them what to do.
  • Keeping track and accountability
  • Everyone is a sensor. (If you see something unusual report it (do they know to come to you?)
  • CERT Team Field Operating Handbook
  • Floor Monitor Responsibilities Requirements
  • Building Marshal Handbook
  • Amateur Radio Training
  • National Incident Command System (NIMS)
  • SLCC EOP (emergency operations plan)
is your preparation enough
Is Your Preparation Enough?
  • Any community that fails to prepare with the idea that somehow, in the end, the federal government will be able to rescue them will be tragically wrong.” - Michael Leavitt, Former U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services
  • FEMA’s Federal Response Plan is 4 days out. The State of Utah Emergency Operation Plan is 72 hours, Salt Lake County’s plan is 36 hours and the Salt Lake Community College’s plan is you to be prepared for 72 hours.
  • If an emergency happened, do you have anything to help you survive? A 72 Hour Kit is essential for any emergency. Your 72 Hour Kit could mean the difference between life and death.
  • Learn about “Be Ready Utah Program” (http://beready@utah.gov/)

Basic 72 hour Kit

Located at: BeReady@utah.gov

extras in your 72 hour kits
Extras in your 72 Hour Kits
  • Medication
  • Special needs (female products)& (Men products)
  • Children items
  • Animals
  • Personal items (grooming and health products) (change of clothes)
  • Medical needs for elderly and those who may special needs
emergency alert system
Emergency Alert System
  • SLCC’s (801) 957-INFO (4636) for current information.
  • SLCC’s home page (SLCC.edu) for current instructions.
  • Alert Notification System. Optional System you receive current info on your Cell, Text, Home. (faculty & staff required)
    • You must sign up for it, to receive it (My Page# SLCC.edu) bottom of the webpage.)
my page info individual section bottom of page
My Page Info Individual Section bottom of page

Click here to opt out

Do it Now!

how can you be a resource involved volunteer to
How can you be a Resource? Involved & Volunteer to:
  • CERT Training
  • Floor Monitor and know Responsibilities & Requirements
  • Building Marshal read and understand the Handbook
  • Amateur Radio Training
  • National Incident Command System (NIMS) (FEMA.gov)
  • SLCC Emergency Operations Plan (EOP)
  • Be Involved! Volunteer to help! (it may save lives) or it maybe your own!


and Complacency

Denial & Desensitization

Yes it can happen to you!

Do your part NOW!

Make it happen!




Charlie Dressen