Government. OGT Prep Review. Enlightenment Style Governments. Democracy – Government where citizen have rights to elect officials to rule country ( US Style ) Presidential Democracy – Citizens elect Legislature and Executive branches ( US Style )
OGT Prep Review
Democracy – Government where citizen have rights to elect officials to rule country (US Style)
Presidential Democracy – Citizens elect Legislature and Executive branches (US Style)
Parliamentary Democracy – Citizens elect legislature, Legislature elects Executive (Different)
Constitutional Democracy – U.S. Form of Democracy. 3 branches equal in power (US Style)
Representative Democracy -- U.S. Form of Democracy. 3 branches equal in power (US Style)
Monarchy – Inherited by Blood line or heir to throne. Royal Family.
Absolute Monarchy– Dictator style monarch
Constitutional Monarchy– The country has formed a Constitution which guarantees legal
rights for citizens. Monarch is simply a figure head and must follow constitution.
Dictator – Ruler with absolute power, takes control of country by force, often military force.
Theocracy – Type of Government that uses God or religious principles or religious leaders to operate government.
1st Amendment- Free speech, Press, religion, Assembly, and to petition government
13th Amendment - Abolished slavery
14th Amendment - Born in America, you get citizenship, Would ensure Blacks and Women the right to vote.
18th Amendment - Prohibition - No Alcohol. Federal government took power from the states
19th Amendment - Women rights to vote
26th Amendment - 18 year olds can vote
Plessey vs. Ferguson - 1898 Supreme Court ruling stated: Separate but equal was equal. Used by Southern states to justify Jim Crow laws like white schools separate from black schools.
Brown vs. Board of Education - 1950’s Supreme Court ruling that overturned the Plessey vs. Ferguson ruling. Brown Stated: Separate but equal is inherently unequal. This case lead directly to de-segregation of all public schools in America.