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Chapter 2.1 Dexter Breunig
Mesopotamia Mesopotamia is the land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
Fertile Crescent • Fertile Crescent is an arc of land from the Mediterranean sea to the Persian gulf.
Sumerians • The creators of the first Mesopotamian civilization.
Polytheistic • To have beliefs in many gods.
City-states • The basic units of Sumerian civilization
Uruk • The country gained control of the countryside
Ziggurat • A temple built atop a massive stepped tower.
Theocracy • A government by divine authority
Cuneiform • A system of writing
Gilgemesh • An epic poem that records the exploits of a legendary king named Gilgamesh.
Scribe Boys that are copyists, teachers, and jurists.
Akkadians They spoke a Semitic language.
Sargon • Leader of the Akkadians
Empire • A large political unit or state.
Babylon A city-state south of Akkad.
Hammurbi • King of Summer and Akkad.
Patriarchal men dominated the society.