Atmosphere . 6 th Grade Science Mrs. Hutchcroft. Solar Energy as Radiation. Figure 1.1. Nearly 150 million kilometers separate the sun and earth, yet solar radiation drives earth's weather. Earth's Atmosphere. Thin Gaseous envelope. Figure 1.2.
6th Grade Science
Nearly 150 million kilometers separate the sun and earth, yet solar radiation drives earth's weather.
Thin Gaseous envelope
The atmosphere is a thin layer of air that protects the Earth’s surface from extreme temperatures and harmful sun rays
Waters 3 States Video6:52
The Sun, Water Cycle, & Climate Video2:37
The Water Cycle and Clouds Video 15:01
You might pick heat or sun….but another good choice would be
This is the ITCZ or inter tropical convergence zone
· Clouds formed at medium or low elevation.
· Cumulus clouds are puffy with flat bottoms.
· When cumulus clouds are white they often signal fair weather, but when they are darker, they may signal rain or thunderstorms.
1.Transfer of heat in liquids or gases_____
2. _____ air is dense and tends to sink.
3. Band of clouds found around the equator______
4. Cold air holds _____ moisture than warm air
5. The Coriolis effect causes the air and water to be deflected to the _____ of the equator
Widespread precipitation develops!
2.Warm Front: The zone where warm air is replacing colder air
Temperature drops; narrow band of violent storms!
1.Cold Front: The zone where cold air is replacing warmer air
3.Stationary Front: When either a cold or warm front stops moving
close to the low pressure center
Cloudy weather with precipitation!
4.Occluded Front: Formed when a cold front overtakes a warm front
It causes air and water to be deflected to the right north of the equator
Warm air holds ( more or less ) moisture than cold air
Let’s check the answers!
1. Counterclockwise 8. Westerlies
2. Cold 9. More
3. Cold 10. Fair
4. Maritime polar (mP)
Anemometer- A tool used to measure
wind speed in miles per hour.
· A tool used to measure wind direction.
· Sometimes referred to as a
wind-weather vane or a wind sock.
· Wind direction is described by the direction from which the wind is blowing.
Thermometer - A tool used to measure air temperature in degrees Fahrenheit or Celsius.
Weather Instruments Video 115:01
Weather Instruments Video 219:41
Barometer- A tool used to measure air pressure in inches of mercury or millibars (mb).
Rain gauge- A tool used for measuring the amount of precipitation in inches or centimeters.
ISOBAR= connects areas of equal pressure BAR comes from BARometric pressure
Isotherm: Connects areas of equal temperature; therm means temperature
· Satellite images are used for seeing cloud patterns and movements.
· For example, hurricane clouds and movement can be observed using satellite images.
· Radar images can be used to detect cloud cover, rainfall or storm location, intensity, and movement, as well as the potential for severe weather (for example, hurricanes or tornadoes).