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Affable - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Affable. adj. courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to. Synonyms: genial, amicable, agreeable, cordial Antonyms: surly, cantankerous, dour, inhospitable. I was relieved to find that my new roommate was quite affable . . Amorphous.

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slide1

Affable

adj. courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to

Synonyms: genial, amicable, agreeable, cordial

Antonyms: surly, cantankerous, dour, inhospitable

I was relieved to find that my new roommate was quite affable.

slide2

Amorphous

adj. shapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character; without organization

  • Everyone can remember watching the amorphous body of the amoeba under the microscope.

Synonyms: formless, unstructured, nebulous, inchoate

Antonyms: definite, well-defined, clear-cut

In science class, I made an amorphous glob of liquid that would turn into a solid if you applied pressure.

archetype
archetype
  • (n) an original model on which something was patterned or replicated; the ideal example
  • Synonyms: model, prototype, epitome

To many people, James Dean was the archetype for the “bad boy” we see in movies.

Achilles is the archetype of the epic hero.

slide4

Contraband

n. illegal traffic, smuggled goods;

adj. illegal, prohibited

Synonyms: illicit, bootleg, unlawful

Antonyms: legal, lawful, licit

Tom Buchanan accused Jay Gatsby of selling contraband through a chain of drug stores

slide5

Gossamer

adj. thin, light, delicate, insubstantial

n. A very thin, light cloth

Synonyms: filmy, diaphanous, sheer, airy, feathery, gauzy

Antonyms: thick, dense, solid, massive

Flowers and lace tend to be extremely gossamer.

irrevocable

Irrevocable

(adj.) incapable of being changed or called back

Synonyms: irreversible, unrecallable, unalterable

Antonyms: reversible, changeable

In most cases, getting a tattoo is irrevocable, so be sure to think it through before getting one.

The official’s call was irrevocable.

propensity

Propensity

(n.) a natural inclination or predilection toward

Synonyms: natural bent, proclivity, penchant

Antonyms: natural incapacity or inability

My brother, who has a propensityfor aimlessly driving around, refused to stop and ask for directions.

resilient
Resilient

Synonyms: springy, elastic, buoyant, bouncy

Antonyms: rigid, stiff, inflexible, unyielding.

(Adj.) able to return to an original shape or form; able to recover quickly

After the biking accident, resilientEmily was able to compete in the race after just two weeks of recovery.

reverberate
Reverberate

(V.) to re-echo, resound; to reflect or be reflected repeatedly

The choirs’ singing reverberated off of the walls of the enormous church.

Synonyms: rumble, thunder, boom, echo

sleazy
Sleazy

(Adj.) thin or flimsy in texture; cheap; shoddy or inferior in quality or character; ethically low, mean, or disreputable.

Synonyms: inferior, cheesy, tawdry, tatty

Antonyms: superior, first-rate, quality, sturdy

Thesleazynews reporter was so desperate that he took a random picture and started making up a story without the facts.

amnesty
amnesty
  • (n.) a general pardon for an offense against a government; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution.

The mission of Amnesty International is to prevent abuses of human rights.

A judge can give a criminal amnesty if he feels he deserves it.

autonomy
autonomy
  • (n.) self-government, political control
  • Synonyms: home rule
  • Antonyms: dependence, subjection, colonial status
  • Even after the thirteen colonies gained autonomy from England, many Americans clung to English traditions.
caveat
caveat
  • (n.) a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior
  • Synonyms: admonition, word to the wise

A caveat to reading only Sparknotes, is you may not know all the answers on the test.

Many advertisements for new drugs end with numerous caveats at the end.

equitable
equitable
  • (adj.) fair, just, embodying principles of justice
  • Synonyms: right, reasonable, evenhanded
  • Antonyms: unjust, unfair, one-sided, disproportionate
  • A judge is expected to pronounce equitable solutions for all.
extricate
extricate
  • (v.) to free from entanglements or difficulties; to remove with effort
  • Synonyms: disentangle, extract, disengage
  • Antonyms: enmesh, entangle, involve
  • Houdini was known for his ability to extricate himself from all kinds of entanglements.
flout
flout
  • (v.) to mock, treat with contempt
  • Synonyms: scoff at, sneer at, snicker at, scorn
  • Antonyms: obey, honor, revere, uphold
  • A player who flouts his opponent will end up with a penalty.
scathing
scathing
  • (adj.) bitterly severe, withering; causing great harm
  • Synonyms: searing, harsh, ferocious, savage
  • Antonyms: bland, mild
  • Actors must learn to live with sometimes scathing reviews.
transient
transient
  • (adj.) lasting only a short time, fleeting; (n.) one who stays only a short time
  • Synonyms: (adj.) impermanent, ephemeral, evanescent
  • Antonyms: (adj.) permanent, imperishable, immortal

Because athletic prowess is transient, the coach always stresses the importance of a college degree.

Our vacation at the beach felt transient; I tried to savor every moment.

unwieldy
unwieldy
  • (adj.) not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity
  • Synonyms: cumbersome, bulky, clumsy, impractical
  • Antonyms: manageable, easy to handle
  • We were amazed that she was able to maneuver the unwieldy backpack.
vapid
vapid
  • (adj.) dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force
  • Synonyms: insipid, lifeless, colorless
  • Antonyms: zesty, spicy, savory, colorful, lively

The vapid look on the face of the students told us that they were in need of a break.