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Affable - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Affable. adj. courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to. Synonyms: genial, amicable, agreeable, cordial Antonyms: surly, cantankerous, dour, inhospitable. I was relieved to find that my new roommate was quite affable . . Amorphous.

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adj. courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to

Synonyms: genial, amicable, agreeable, cordial

Antonyms: surly, cantankerous, dour, inhospitable

I was relieved to find that my new roommate was quite affable.



adj. shapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character; without organization

  • Everyone can remember watching the amorphous body of the amoeba under the microscope.

Synonyms: formless, unstructured, nebulous, inchoate

Antonyms: definite, well-defined, clear-cut

In science class, I made an amorphous glob of liquid that would turn into a solid if you applied pressure.

  • (n) an original model on which something was patterned or replicated; the ideal example
  • Synonyms: model, prototype, epitome

To many people, James Dean was the archetype for the “bad boy” we see in movies.

Achilles is the archetype of the epic hero.



n. illegal traffic, smuggled goods;

adj. illegal, prohibited

Synonyms: illicit, bootleg, unlawful

Antonyms: legal, lawful, licit

Tom Buchanan accused Jay Gatsby of selling contraband through a chain of drug stores



adj. thin, light, delicate, insubstantial

n. A very thin, light cloth

Synonyms: filmy, diaphanous, sheer, airy, feathery, gauzy

Antonyms: thick, dense, solid, massive

Flowers and lace tend to be extremely gossamer.



(adj.) incapable of being changed or called back

Synonyms: irreversible, unrecallable, unalterable

Antonyms: reversible, changeable

In most cases, getting a tattoo is irrevocable, so be sure to think it through before getting one.

The official’s call was irrevocable.



(n.) a natural inclination or predilection toward

Synonyms: natural bent, proclivity, penchant

Antonyms: natural incapacity or inability

My brother, who has a propensityfor aimlessly driving around, refused to stop and ask for directions.


Synonyms: springy, elastic, buoyant, bouncy

Antonyms: rigid, stiff, inflexible, unyielding.

(Adj.) able to return to an original shape or form; able to recover quickly

After the biking accident, resilientEmily was able to compete in the race after just two weeks of recovery.


(V.) to re-echo, resound; to reflect or be reflected repeatedly

The choirs’ singing reverberated off of the walls of the enormous church.

Synonyms: rumble, thunder, boom, echo


(Adj.) thin or flimsy in texture; cheap; shoddy or inferior in quality or character; ethically low, mean, or disreputable.

Synonyms: inferior, cheesy, tawdry, tatty

Antonyms: superior, first-rate, quality, sturdy

Thesleazynews reporter was so desperate that he took a random picture and started making up a story without the facts.

  • (n.) a general pardon for an offense against a government; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution.

The mission of Amnesty International is to prevent abuses of human rights.

A judge can give a criminal amnesty if he feels he deserves it.

  • (n.) self-government, political control
  • Synonyms: home rule
  • Antonyms: dependence, subjection, colonial status
  • Even after the thirteen colonies gained autonomy from England, many Americans clung to English traditions.
  • (n.) a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior
  • Synonyms: admonition, word to the wise

A caveat to reading only Sparknotes, is you may not know all the answers on the test.

Many advertisements for new drugs end with numerous caveats at the end.

  • (adj.) fair, just, embodying principles of justice
  • Synonyms: right, reasonable, evenhanded
  • Antonyms: unjust, unfair, one-sided, disproportionate
  • A judge is expected to pronounce equitable solutions for all.
  • (v.) to free from entanglements or difficulties; to remove with effort
  • Synonyms: disentangle, extract, disengage
  • Antonyms: enmesh, entangle, involve
  • Houdini was known for his ability to extricate himself from all kinds of entanglements.
  • (v.) to mock, treat with contempt
  • Synonyms: scoff at, sneer at, snicker at, scorn
  • Antonyms: obey, honor, revere, uphold
  • A player who flouts his opponent will end up with a penalty.
  • (adj.) bitterly severe, withering; causing great harm
  • Synonyms: searing, harsh, ferocious, savage
  • Antonyms: bland, mild
  • Actors must learn to live with sometimes scathing reviews.
  • (adj.) lasting only a short time, fleeting; (n.) one who stays only a short time
  • Synonyms: (adj.) impermanent, ephemeral, evanescent
  • Antonyms: (adj.) permanent, imperishable, immortal

Because athletic prowess is transient, the coach always stresses the importance of a college degree.

Our vacation at the beach felt transient; I tried to savor every moment.

  • (adj.) not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity
  • Synonyms: cumbersome, bulky, clumsy, impractical
  • Antonyms: manageable, easy to handle
  • We were amazed that she was able to maneuver the unwieldy backpack.
  • (adj.) dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force
  • Synonyms: insipid, lifeless, colorless
  • Antonyms: zesty, spicy, savory, colorful, lively

The vapid look on the face of the students told us that they were in need of a break.