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EU – 1. China takes its place as a major power in the world The post-colonial, Cold War and post-Cold War eras have led to both significant development and significant challenges for the continents of Asia, Africa and South America. The world is changing.

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the world is changing

EU – 1. China takes its place as a major power in the world

The post-colonial, Cold War and post-Cold War eras have led to both significant development and significant challenges for the continents of Asia, Africa and South America

The world is changing

Warm-up - Finish p 12-14 in Packet about Latin American democracy and p 15 about democratization in Africa

  • Review 12-15
  • Complete packet page 16 and 17 –why has China been changing over the last 30 years? In what ways has it changed? Why should we care?
  • Homework questions?
  • Activity Prompt: Africa, Asia and Latin America have big differences in their post-colonial eras that illustrate important lessons about the relationship between government, society and economics.
  • Create an illustrated chart that compares these three regions’ governments, societies and economic
latin america democratizes
Latin America democratizes
  • Most of South America was colonized by Spain (except Brazil and the 3 Guyanas)
  • Dictators or authoritarian parties governed most of South America until after WWII
  • After WWII many countries elected nationalist/socialist parties and leaders
  • The US, the wealthy and many Catholics helped to lead coups to overthrow these governments out of fear of communism
  • From the 1970s to the 1990s, many Latin American Countries were governed by dictators
making democracy work
Making Democracy work

Free elections

Free media of communication

Majority rule with minority rights protected


Culture of compromise

Constitutional government with limits and checks and balances

Economic stability

Rule of law

Belief in and protection of individual rights

Belief in democracy

Practice of contingent consent

Development of civil society

Practices that are common in democracy

Conditions that contribute to democratic progress

steering brazil toward democracy
Steering Brazil toward democracy
  • What actions have Brazilian leaders taken in the 80s and 90s that helped to stabilize the Brazilian economy?
    • Foreign investment
    • Infrastructure improvements (development projects) to help grow the economy
    • Froze wages
    • Protected wealth landowners
    • Cut social programs
  • Note a democratic practice in Brazil today
    • Direct elections of local state and national leaders
    • Direct elections of president
ending one party rule in mexico
Ending one party rule in Mexico

2 crises that threatened democracy in Mexico

  • 1968 student protests in Mexico City
  • world oil price decline in the 1980s leading to lower government revenues, declines in government spending and a debt crisis.
  • 1988 presidential election fraud
  • 1994 Chiapas rebellion by Zapatista pro-Indian movement

Ways that the election of 1997 advanced democracy

no more dedazo – president no longer appointed successors and other candidates

primary election for PRI candidates

opposition parties gained many seats in Chamber of Deputies, weakening power of PRI

creation of independent Federal Election Institute

ending repression in argentina
Ending repression in Argentina

Effects of Military rule on Argentina

  • weakened welfare state
  • Poor became militant
  • No political fairness, rights or freedoms
  • Economy stagnated
  • Torture and murder by pro-government groups as part of the “Dirty War”

Current democratic practices

  • free elections
  • rule of law
  • functioning independent judiciary
ethnicity and african countries notice any issues
Ethnicity and African Countries – notice any issues?

Current country borders

Current Ethnic group locations

china follows its own path
China follows its own path

The Cultural Revolution

Goals – 1. to Save Mao’s power

2. To return to communist roots of the peasant-based revolution

3. To oppose the modernizing and free-market policies of Deng Xiaoping

Outcomes – economic, political and social chaos

Loss of a generation of educated people

Millions of people sent to “prison”

Many people removed from positions of political and economic power

china follows its own path1
China follows its own path

Outcomes –

US-China relation greatly improved

Cultural exchanges with the West

Opens china for trade

PRC recognized and given UN Security Council seat

Tennis Anyone

Goals – 1. to end China’s isolation

2. To connect China to the West – the developed world

china follows its own path2
China follows its own path

Outcomes –

economic growth greater than any other country in the world

300 million people out of poverty

China becomes a major world power

Big gap growing between rich and poor

Huge increase in food and industrial output

Western ideas adopted by Chinese

The 4 modernizations and Deng’s free market solutions

Goals – 1. to improve China’s economy

2. To improve China’s

  • industry,
  • military,
  • technology and
  • agriculture
china follows its own path3
China follows its own path

Tianenmen Square

Goals – 1. to promote democracy and end the authoritarian single-party political system

Outcomes – economic, political and social chaos

Hundred or thousands killed

Democracy movement almost destroyed

World aware of China’s human rights abuses

CCP stays in power and economy continues to flourish

china follows its own path4
China follows its own path

Hong Kong Handover

Goals – 1. end foreign rule of Chinese territory

Outcomes – 1 country two systems

2. China’s access to western capital and capitalism

3. Hong Kong slowly loses political freedom, but China’s citizens slowly accept Western-style freedoms and economic activity