Dia De Los Muertos The Day of the Dead
What is Dia De Los Muertos? • Mexican celebration of the dead. • Many families celebrate the lives of those who are deceased, and give offerings. • Families often build altars and have offerings of food, artwork, flowers, and other various gifts • .
Traditions of Dia De Los Muertos • Many families visit the gravesites of the dead and leave blankets out for the souls to rest on after their long day of celebrations. • Many leave offrendas(offerings) such as: • Tequila (popular mexican liquor) • Atole – Mexican drink made of masa(corn hominy flour), water, piloncillo (unrefined cane sugar), cinnamon, vanilla and optional chocolate or fruit. • CandiedPumpkin (delicacy) • Pan De Muerto- sweetened soft bread shaped like a bun, often decorated with bone-like pieces.
November 1 • Día de los Angelitos (“Day of the little angels”) • Día de los Inocentes ("Day of the Innocents")\ • Day for deceased children
November 2 • Dia De Los Muertos • (Day of the Dead) • Day for deceased adults
Calaveras • Spanish for Skull • Skull art often used in Dia De Los Muertos art. • Sugar skull art reflects the folk art style of big happy smiles, colorful icing and sparkly tin and glittery adornments.
Calacas • Spanish for Skeleton • Often used in Dia De Los Muertos Artwork, depicted as happy and enjoying the afterlife • Most popular Calaca is Catrina,an upper class woman celebrating the afterlife. • popularized by the artwork of Jose Posada.
"Gran calaveraeléctrica" (Grand electric skull) by José Guadalupe Posada, 1900-1913. Restored reproduction. Jose Guadalupe Posada
Jose Guadalupe Posada • (1852–1913) was a Mexican cartoonist illustrator and artist whose work has influenced many Latin American artists and cartoonists because of its satirical acuteness and political engagement.
Creating skulls for Dia De Los Muertas! Incorporate what you’ve learned from this lesson about the bright colors, interesting shapes, and lively nature of calaveras,calacas, and the themes of Posada into your works. Creating skulls that demonstrate unity, movement, line, shape, and harmony (principles of design!) Party? We will see… How do we get to celebrate ?!