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The Senate and House of Representatives. Mr. Lawrence Am. Gov’t. Structure of Congress. Bicameral Legislator A Two House Legislator The Great Compromise Created the Bicameral Legislator to ensure the minority could not be ignored. Rules of the Houses.

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structure of congress
Structure of Congress
  • Bicameral Legislator
    • A Two House Legislator
  • The Great Compromise
    • Created the Bicameral Legislator to ensure the minority could not be ignored
rules of the houses
Rules of the Houses
  • Each house issues a book of complex rules to govern Congressional Proceedings.
  • These rules are Developed by the Rules Committee of each house
    • These are the most important Committees in each house
  • The Senates Rules:
    • Creates an informal atmosphere
    • Geared towards allowing Senators to freely express their ideas
  • The House of Reps’ Rules:
    • Creates strict and efficient atmosphere
    • Allows for the quick movement of laws through the House of Reps
importance of political parties in congress
Importance of Political Parties in Congress
  • Party Politics play a very important role in Congress
  • The Parties elect their own leaders and vote along the same lines
  • Division between the two groups is so strong that they sit separately
    • Democrats on the Left
    • Republicans on the Right
leadership in the houses
Leadership in the Houses
  • Each House of Congress has specific leadership roles that must be filled at the start of every session of Congress
  • These Leaders Have Six Duties:
    • Organize and Unify Party Members
    • Scheduling
    • Making sure members are present for key votes
    • Distributing and Collecting Information
    • Keep communication between their house and the President
    • Influence Congressmen on how to vote
house of reps leadership
House of Reps. Leadership
  • Speaker of the House: The Head Honcho
    • Chosen by a Caucus: Closed meeting of Majority Party Members
    • Member of the Majority Party
    • Approved by the entire House of Reps after the Caucus
    • Duties include
      • Recognizes members to speak
      • Scheduling
      • Enforces the Rules
      • Create Committees
      • Communicating with the President
house of reps leadership cont floor leaders
House of Reps. Leadership Cont.Floor Leaders

Kevin McCarthy

  • Majority and Minority Party Leaders
    • The Leaders of their Parties on the House Floor
    • Duties include:
      • Supporting the Speaker of the House
      • Organizing Party Members
  • Party Whips and Deputy Whips
    • The Assists to the Party leaders
    • Duties Include
      • Drumming up support in the Parties
      • Informing Party Members
      • The Eyes and Ears of the Party Leaders

Nancy Pelosi

senate leaders
Senate Leaders
  • The Vice President
    • The Leader of the Senate according to the Constitution
      • However he has no power in the Senate other then to organize Senate discussion and break ties
  • President Pro Tempore
    • Means “President for the Time Being”
    • Usually the Longest Serving member of the Majority Party
    • Duties Include:
      • Organizing Debates
      • Scheduling
      • Communicating with the President

Daniel Inouye

senate leaders cont floor leaders
Senate Leaders Cont.Floor Leaders
  • Majority and Minority Party Leaders
    • Fulfills many of the same roles as their counterparts in the House of Reps
  • Party Whips and Deputy Whips
    • Fulfills many of the same roles as their counterparts in the House of Reps
the filibuster
The Filibuster
  • A Product of the Unlimited Debate rule in the Senate
  • A Filibuster is when a Senator delays a vote by speaking for hours on end
  • Filibusters can only be Broken by a 3/5 vote of the Senate (60 members)