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Latin America. ITS LIBERATION AND ITS LIBERATOR . colonization. Two major players Spain Portugal Spain West Portugal East. Want for independence . Why? Spanish government applying restrictions Inspiration Haitian Revolution Criollo Locally born Pure or mostly Spanish ancestry .

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latin america

Latin America

ITS LIBERATION AND ITS LIBERATOR

colonization
colonization
  • Two major players
    • Spain
    • Portugal
  • Spain
    • West
  • Portugal
    • East
want for independence
Want for independence
  • Why?
    • Spanish government applying restrictions
  • Inspiration
    • Haitian Revolution
  • Criollo
    • Locally born
    • Pure or mostly Spanish ancestry
want for independence1
Want for independence
  • Junta
    • a small group ruling a country, especially immediately after a coup d'état and before a legally constituted government has been instituted.
    • a council.
    • a deliberative or administrative council, especially in Spain and Latin America
simon bolivar
Simon bolivar
  • The Great Liberator
  • Military command in New Granada
  • 1821
    • Campaigns into Venezuela
  • 1822
    • Campaigns into Ecuador
  • 1821
    • Gran Columbia formed
    • Became president
    • Columbia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panamma
simon bolivar1
Simon bolivar
  • 1824
    • Peru
    • Became the dictator
  • Congress of Upper Peru
    • August 6, 1825
    • Republic of Bolivia created
caudillos
caudillos
  • Political military officers
  • After independence
    • Created a liberal government
    • Policy of liberalism could not be sustained
  • Civil governments fall
    • Military intervention
    • Civil rule to authoritarian military rule
  • Mestizos
    • European and Native American heritage
    • Criollo didn’t want their political participation
caudillos1
CAUDILLOS
  • Lack of middle class
    • No middle class
    • No one to uphold liberalism
    • Those in government an elite
  • 1825
    • Caudillos took over the government
latin america informal empire
Latin America & informal empire
  • The British
    • Controlled the sea routed between Europe and South America
    • Resisted the threat of the restoration of colonial rule
    • Obtained raw materials and agricultural produce from Argentina, Chile, Peru and Brazil
    • Republics imported British manufactured goods
    • From 1850s British technology used to build railroads and other engineering projects
latin america and informal empire
Latin America and informal empire
  • The Americans
    • Monroe Doctrine
      • President James Monroe
      • Committed Washington to resisting any European intervention
    • Using protective traffics to allow for the establishment of its own industries
    • 1890s and onwards
      • America intervened both politically and militarily to preserve their own economic interests
      • America intervened both politically and militarily to preserve their own economic interests
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