The Road to the American Civil War- Day 1 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Road to the American Civil War- Day 1

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  1. The Road to the American Civil War- Day 1

  2. Early Attempts of Containment: REVIEW • 1808: Atlantic slave trade outlawed • 1820: Missouri Compromise divides the nation at the 36 30’ parallel • Slavery is prohibited above the line while slavery is allowed below the line

  3. The Wilmot Proviso • During the Mexican War, Wilmot proposes an amendment • Wilmot Proviso • 1848: attempted to prohibit the expansion of slavery into territory acquired from the Mexican War • Split Congress along regional lines • The Proviso DID NOT pass but has important effects • Free Soil Party: political party dedicated to stopping the expansion of slavery

  4. Gold Rush and Statehood • Gold Rush was over by 1852 and by that time 250,000 people flooded into California • Wanted to be admitted as a free state • Created national turmoil because it ruined the balance between free and slave states

  5. The Compromise of 1850 • Henry Clay: “The Great Compromiser” • Kentucky Congressmen • Offered a compromise to settle the debate over California statehood • California admitted as a free state • Congress would pass no laws dealing with slavery for the rest of the territories won from Mexico • Fugitive Slave Act: a stronger law to help slaveholders recapture runaway slaves • This became known as the Compromise of 1850 Henry Clay

  6. The Compromise of 1850

  7. The Fugitive Slave Act (1850) • Allowed southerners to recover escaped slaves in the North • Blacks accused of being ‘fugitives” could be held without a warrant • Southerners felt it was justified • Saw slaves as property • Northerners resisted • Law required their help • Could be fined for not complying • Presence of Southern slave catchers in the North brought the issue closer to home for Northerners

  8. Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) • Harriet Beecher Stowe published Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852): a novel that dramatically portrays the moral issue of slavery • Became a best seller • Northerners are shocked by the novel’s stories of slavery • Increased anti-slavery feelings • Southerners are angered by the “lies” about the south • Claimed that it falsely criticized