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Cycled Plastics. Plastic Recycling Markets and Trends. “Plastic’s 101”. Most Common Misconception: All plastics with the same recycling symbol are recycled together. Examples: #1PET microwave dish cannot be recycled with #1 PET soda bottle.

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cycled plastics
Cycled Plastics

Plastic Recycling

Markets and Trends

plastic s 101
“Plastic’s 101”
  • Most Common Misconception:
    • All plastics with the same recycling symbol are recycled together.
    • Examples:
      • #1PET microwave dish cannot be recycled with #1 PET soda bottle.
      • #4 LDPE butter tub cannot be recycled with #4 dry cleaning bags
plastic grades
Plastic Grades
  • Blow Molding Grade:
    • Water and sports drink bottles
  • Extrusion Grade:
    • Plastic lumber, vacuum formed trays, clam shell packaging
  • Film Grade:
    • Trash/grocery bags, pallet stretch wrap
  • Injection Grade:
    • Milk crates, battery cases
  • High Melt:
    • Clothing, carpet
plastic origins
Plastic Origins
  • Post Industrial
    • Manufacturing waste create during a process or obsolete / overstock inventory
plastic origins1
Plastic Origins
  • Post Consumer
    • Has been utilized for its intended use.
    • Can be generated by corporations
plastic type 1 pet
Plastic Type: #1 PET
  • Blow grade (sports drink bottles)
  • Extrusion Grade (food service trays)
  • Injection grade (engineered moldings)
  • High Melt (clothing and carpet fiber)
plastic type 2 hdpe
Plastic Type: #2 HDPE
  • Blow grade (milk, household detergent bottles)
  • Extrusion Grade (plastic lumber, drainage pipe)
  • Film Grade (trash/grocery bags)
  • Injection Grade (milk crates, shipping containers)
  • High Melt (stadium cups)
plastic type 3 pvc
Plastic Type: #3 PVC
  • Blow grade (household detergent bottles)
  • Extrusion Grade (home siding, clam shell packaging, pipe, fence, decking)
  • Film Grade (medical i.v. bags)
  • Injection Grade (shoe soles, automotive parts)
plastic type 4 ldpe
Plastic Type: #4 LDPE
  • Blow grade (squeezable condiment bottles)
  • Extrusion Grade (plastic lumber)
  • Film Grade (packaging foam, dry cleaning bags, food storage bags, garbage bags, stretch film)
  • Injection Grade (food container lids)
plastic type 5 pp
Plastic Type: #5 PP
  • Blow grade (medicine and food condiment bottles)
  • Film Grade (shrink film, potato chip bags)
  • Injection Grade (packaging foam, bottle caps and closures, auto bumpers, battery cases)
  • High Melt (brooms, brushes)
plastic type 6 ps
Plastic Type: #6 PS
  • Extrusion Grade (foam packaging products)
  • Film Grade (protective film and labels)
  • Injection Grade (office products, durable goods components, cd jewel cases)
recent trends
Recent Trends
  • Post-consumer plastics recycled has increased every year since at least 1990. 
  • In 2005, a record 2,102,000,000 pounds1.
  • 1,170 million pounds of PET bottles were recycled in 2005.1
  • HDPE bottle recycling increased in 2005 to 922 million pounds.1
  • All plastic bottles were recycled at a rate of 24 percent in 2005.1

1 American Chemistry Council, “2005 National Post-Consumer Plastic Bottle Recycling Report”. 2006

rural obstacles
Rural Obstacles
  • Lack of Community Support
  • Limited funds allocated to recycling efforts
  • Limited facilities and/or capacity
rural solutions
Rural Solutions
  • Collecting / Recycling now:
    • Get community leaders involved
    • Get kids involved
rural solutions1
Rural Solutions
  • Collecting / Recycling now:
    • Get community leaders involved
    • Get kids involved
  • Not Collecting / Recycling now:
    • Central Collection:
      • Stage collection bins / containers at local retail sites
    • Unsorted Curbside Collection
      • Public / Private partnership for remainder of the process
      • Regional or consolidated processing facility / CO-OP
definition recycling
Definition: Recycling
  • Product manufactured with a recyclable plastic?
definition recycling1
Definition: Recycling
  • Product manufactured with a recyclable plastic?
  • Collection efficiency / cost (i.e. curbside, muni drop-off, retail collection point, etc)
definition recycling2
Definition: Recycling
  • Product manufactured with a recyclable plastic?
  • Collection efficiency / cost (i.e. curbside, muni drop-off, retail collection point, etc)
  • Established resale market
definition recycling3
Definition: Recycling
  • Product manufactured with a recyclable plastic?
  • Collection efficiency / cost (i.e. curbside, muni drop-off, retail collection point, etc)
  • Established resale market
  • Self sustaining program
less energy
Less Energy
  • The recycling process must NOT be financially or environmentally prohibitive in that:
    • Less DIRECT energy consumed
    • Less INDIRECT energy expended
markets
Markets
  • Public / Private partnership
  • Put it out for bid:
    • Brokers
    • Intermediate Processors
    • Manufacturers
markets1
Markets
  • Brokers
    • Buy & Sell
    • Typically do not “touch” the product
    • Minimum of 35,000 lbs. per truckload
markets2
Markets
  • Intermediate Processors
    • Grind, Wash, Dry , Pelletize
    • Mixed truckloads common , lighter weight
    • Catered programs / Waste Audits
markets3
Markets
  • Manufacturers
    • Purchase from collectors, brokers, processors
    • Minimum of 35,0000 lbs. per truckload
    • More difficult to setup catered collection
pricing trends
Pricing Trends
  • Relationship of oil / natural gas prices to virgin resin
pricing trends1
Pricing Trends
  • Relationship of oil / natural gas prices to virgin resin
  • Extreme Weather
    • Hurricanes Katrina / Rita
pricing trends2
Pricing Trends
  • Relationship of oil / natural gas prices to virgin resin
  • Extreme Weather
    • Hurricanes Katrina / Rita
  • Seasonal / Construction
summary
Summary
  • Inform your community
  • Get civic leaders involved
  • Create a “buzz”
  • Be creative
  • Reduce, Reuse, Recycle