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The 2006 Civic and Political Health of the Nation Survey A Detailed Look at How Youth Participate in Politics and Communities. Mark Hugo Lopez Karlo Barrios Marcelo Washington, D.C. October 3, 2006. Project Goal. To measure civic engagement of young people ages 15 to 25 and adults

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The 2006 Civic and Political Health of the Nation SurveyA Detailed Look at How Youth Participate in Politics and Communities

Mark Hugo Lopez

Karlo Barrios Marcelo

Washington, D.C.

October 3, 2006

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

project goal
Project Goal
  • To measure civic engagement of young people ages 15 to 25 and adults
  • To measure the attitudes of young people towards civic engagement, government, politics and elections, and tolerance

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

presentation outline
Presentation Outline
  • Survey Background
  • 19 Core Indicators of Engagement
  • Major Findings
    • Race and Ethnicity
    • Confidence in Government
    • Political Knowledge
    • Tolerance
    • Partisanship
    • Generation “Uniqueness”

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

the 2006 civic and political health of the nation survey
The 2006 Civic and Political Health of the Nation Survey
  • Conducted from April 27 to June 11
  • 1,700 Young People ages 15 to 25
  • 550 Adults 26 and older
  • Over-samples of young Latinos, African-Americans, and Asian-Americans
  • Margin of error ±2.6 percentage points
  • Replication of 2002 CPHS by Keeter et. al.

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

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Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

19 core indicators of engagement
Civic Measures

Community problem solving

Regular Volunteering

Active Group Membership

Participation in fundraising run/walk/ride

Other fundraising

Electoral Measures

Regular Voting

Persuading Others

Displaying buttons, signs, stickers

Campaign Contributions

Volunteering for a candidate or political organization

19 Core Indicators of Engagement

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

19 core indicators of engagement cont d
Indicators of Political Voice

Contacting Officials

Contacting the Print Media

Contacting the Broadcast Media

Protesting

Signed E-mail petitions

Signed Written petitions

Boycotting

Buycotting

Canvassing

19 Core Indicators of Engagement (cont’d)

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

there is broad engagement
There is Broad Engagement…
  • Engagement among young people 15-25
    • 26% say they vote regularly
    • 35% say they tried to persuade others
    • 36% say they volunteered
    • 30% boycotted
    • 11% have protested in last year
    • On average 3.7 activities in past year
    • Over 80% have engaged in at least one activity

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

five most common activities
Five Most Common Activities

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

five most common activities10
Five Most Common Activities

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

yet some are disengaged
Yet some are disengaged
  • 58% have done 1 or fewer electoral or civic activities in past year
  • 17% have done none of 19 activities

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

a typology of engagement among 15 to 25s
A Typology of Engagement Among 15 to 25s

Disengaged

Civic Specialist

Electoral Specialist

Dual Activist

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

how do youth and adults compare
How Do Youth and Adults Compare?

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

major findings race and ethnicity
Major Findings: Race and Ethnicity
  • African-Americans are the most POLITICALLY engaged
  • Asian-Americans are highly engaged in civic activities
  • Young Latinos are least engaged, however 25% have protested
  • Young Whites are neither most nor least engaged

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

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Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

confidence in government is down
Confidence in Government is down
  • Young people are more supportive of government than adults
  • Two thirds believe “government should do more to solve problems”

However:

  • Plurality says that government is “almost always wasteful and inefficient”, up 19 points over 2002

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

change in confidence in government 2002 and 2006
Change in Confidence in Government 2002 and 2006

15 to 25

26 and older

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

change in confidence in government 2002 and 200619
Change in Confidence in Government 2002 and 2006

15 to 25

26 and older

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

change in confidence in government 2002 and 200620
Change in Confidence in Government 2002 and 2006

15 to 25

26 and older

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

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Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

political knowledge is low
Political Knowledge is Low
  • 53% are unaware that only citizens can vote in federal elections
  • Only 30% can correctly name at least one member of the President’s Cabinet
  • Only 34% know that the U.S. has a permanent seat on the UN Security Council

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

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Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

young people are tolerant
Young People Are Tolerant
  • But somewhat less so than 2002
  • Remain more favorable toward immigrants and gays than their elders
  • 67% say they have confronted someone who said something they considered offensive, such as a racist or other prejudiced comment.

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

acceptance of gays
Acceptance of Gays

15 to 25

26 and older

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

acceptance of immigrants
Acceptance of Immigrants

15 to 25

26 and older

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

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Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

partisanship
Partisanship
  • Since 2002, fewer young people lean towards the Republican Party
    • 47% Democrat (no change)
    • 28% Republican (3 point drop)
    • 24% Independent (2 point gain)

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

2002 and 2006 partisanship
2002 and 2006 Partisanship

15 to 25

26 and older

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

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Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

fewer young people see their generation as unique
Fewer Young People See Their Generation as Unique
  • 59% say their generation is unique (10 point drop)
  • Among young people who are 19 to 29 today (and were 15 to 25 in 2002), 56% say their generation is unique today. This is down 13 points from 2002.

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

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Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

summary of major findings
Summary of Major Findings
  • Young people are broadly engaged in their communities
  • However a sizeable group is not engaged
  • Young African-Americans are most politically engaged
  • Though young Latinos report lowest engagement

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

summary of major findings36
Summary of Major Findings
  • Political Knowledge is low, though the engaged exhibit more political knowledge
  • Confidence in government is down
  • Acceptance of gays and immigrants is lower today

Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo

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Abby Kiesa

Karlo Marcelo