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Institute for Transport Studies FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT. Evaluating cohesion by a MCA framework : application at a TEN-T case study. EU Cohesion Policy: Research Opportunities and Policy Challenges European Policies Research Centre University of Strathclyde Glasgow, 5 December 2008.

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evaluating cohesion by a mca framework application at a ten t case study

Institute for Transport Studies

FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT

Evaluating cohesion by a MCA framework : application at a TEN-T case study

EU Cohesion Policy: Research Opportunities and Policy Challenges

European Policies Research Centre

University of Strathclyde

Glasgow, 5 December 2008

N. Thomopoulos, Dr S.M. Grant-Muller, Dr M.R. Tight

slide2

Introduction

Photo: P. Mens - Oresundsbron

Photos: Egnatia Odos S.A.

Photos: Egnatia Odos S.A.

Operating TEN-Ts

Photo: S. Madsen - Oresundsbron

slide3

Introduction

This is a complex issue with various parameters

EVALUATION

Transport

The focus here will be on transport cohesion

slide4

Transport projects assessment

Methodology used for transport project assessment in EU-25 by mode

CBA: Cost-Benefit Analysis, MCA: Multi-Criteria Analysis, QM: Quantitative Method, Other: Other qualitative (combination of) method. If (for example) both CBA and MCA are used, the figure reflects CBA.

Source: Odgard et al (2005)

slide5

Cohesion in transport assessment

  • Although included in EU & national policy documents, cohesion and equity are not included in all national appraisal methods

Source: Odgaard et al (2005)

slide6

Cohesion/Equity measure

Features

Statistical

Examine the distribution of a variable in a given sample population

Welfare

Use a welfare function to incorporate cohesion considerations. Based on welfare economics

Axiomatic

Define the properties that a desired measure should fulfill

Cohesion in transport evaluation

  • How are cohesion and equity measured in transport evaluation?
  • There are various measures:

Source: Ramjerdi (2006)

slide7

2. Stakeholders’ identification

1. Project objective(s) identification

3. Project objective(s) re-evaluation by stakeholders

AHP

5.Viewpoint on priorities about equity formsidentification

4.Viewpoint on equity theory identification

6.Impact distribution evaluation by Gini/Theil indices to derive a quantified value for each equity form

5.Quantification of impacts using relevant indicators

7.Linear sum of all equity impacts and contrast with pre-defined viewpoints

AHP methodology

“One has to prepare the ground by correctly specifying the problems, selecting priorities

and quantifying policy targets” (Molle, 2006)

slide8

AHP survey

Example question of the AHP questionnaire

slide9

Indicators results

GDP/capita annual rate of change by NUTS-3 between 1996-2004

(Source: Observatory - Egnatia Odos)

slide10

Indicators results

Average daily traffic p.a.

(Source: Observatory - Egnatia Odos)

slide11

Indicators results

Cohesion impacts of Egnatia Odos based on indicators statistical analysis

Need for an axiomatic approach to complement statistical analysis

slide12

Conclusion

  • Cohesion can be included in the appraisal and evaluation of large transport infrastructure projects
  • MCA methods are a useful tool for cohesion and equity assessment of large transport infrastructure projects
  • Ex-post evaluation needs to be integrated in project evaluation

 make use of strategic evaluations

  • The current needs to achieve this and incorporate an MCA approach are:
  • use of common terminology
  • consistent target setting and monitoring
  • ex-post evaluation of large transport infrastructure projects
  • an overall assessment framework evaluating both direct and indirect impacts
slide13

Institute for Transport Studies

FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT

Thank you for your attention

Questions and comments are welcome!