slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
GENDER RESPONSIVE BUDGETING: LESSONS SO FAR PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
GENDER RESPONSIVE BUDGETING: LESSONS SO FAR

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 19

GENDER RESPONSIVE BUDGETING: LESSONS SO FAR - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 233 Views
  • Uploaded on

GENDER RESPONSIVE BUDGETING: LESSONS SO FAR. Nisreen Alami, UNIFEM, GRB Program. April 2007. GENDER RESPONSIVE BUDGETING (GRB):. GRB definition GRB & unpaid care work GRB experiences worldwide GRB initiatives: Strategies Lessons learnt. GENDER BUDGETS DEFINITION.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'GENDER RESPONSIVE BUDGETING: LESSONS SO FAR' - lynley


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

GENDER RESPONSIVE BUDGETING:

LESSONS SO FAR

Nisreen Alami, UNIFEM, GRB Program

April 2007

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

gender responsive budgeting grb
GENDER RESPONSIVE BUDGETING (GRB):
  • GRB definition
  • GRB & unpaid care work
  • GRB experiences worldwide
  • GRB initiatives: Strategies
  • Lessons learnt

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

gender budgets definition
GENDER BUDGETS DEFINITION

The budget is the most important policy tool of government because, without money, government cannot implement any other policy successfully.

A gender responsivebudget ensures that the needs and interests of individuals from different social groups (sex, age, race, ethnicity, location) are addressed in expenditure and revenue policies.

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

gender budgets definition4
GENDER BUDGETS DEFINITION

Gender responsive budgets are not separate budgets for women or men.

Instead, they bring gender awareness into the policies, plans, programmes and budgets of all government agencies.

Gender responsive budgets are not about 50% male: 50% female.

They are about budgeting that intentionally directs resources and raises revenue in a way that addresses disadvantage and exclusion.

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

gender responsive budgeting
GENDER RESPONSIVE BUDGETING…

Recognizes the ways in which women contribute to the society and economy with their unpaid labor in the productive sector and in bearing, rearing and caring for the people in the country.

Acknowledges the intersection between budget policies and women’s well being.

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

women s unpaid work and budgets
WOMEN’S UNPAID WORK AND BUDGETS

Social Services/ Infrastructure provided by Government

Cuts in Government Expenditure

supplemented by social welfare tax on women

Social Care Work by Women in Household and Communities

Shortage can be expressed as lower government spending on per capita education, health or cuts on water sanitation. The higher the country’s poverty level, the larger the social welfare tax, therefore economic policy impacts on unpaid care work making it one of the most vivid manifestations of poverty.

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

gender budgets definition a tool
GENDER BUDGETS DEFINITION…A TOOL

In a context of gender based discrimination and exclusion, gender responsive budgeting is a tool for ensuring that:

  • The priorities of poor women are reflected in budget allocations, expenditures and revenues (not just policies, plans, programmes!)
  • The budget actors, organizations, systems and processes better reflect interests of poor women and provide space for women’s voice, and transparency and accountability to gender commitments

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

why gender budgets
WHY - GENDER BUDGETS

By monitoring outcomes, outputs, activities and inputs of budgets the following can be achieved:

  • Improved accountability of governments and representatives towards gender equality, women’s needs and empowerment and women’s rights as laid out in CEDAW/CESR, Beijing PFA and ICPD
  • Improved efficiency by ensuring that those who need it most benefit from public expenditures
  • Improved transparency and reduced corruption.
  • Informed participation of women in planning and budgeting policies (this can enable policy making processes to effectively address the needs of the poorest and the powerless)

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

grb initiatives worldwide
GRB Initiatives Worldwide
  • GRB Movement
  • Key Strategies
  • Entry points for GBI’s
  • Lessons learnt

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

grb movement
GRB MOVEMENT

With Australia and South Africa having led the work on gender

responsive budgets since mid eighties and nineties…

…Gender responsive has become a movement, with examples

emerging from nearly every part of the world…

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

past and current experiences
PAST AND CURRENT EXPERIENCES

AfricaNigeria, Senegal, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Mauritius, Rwanda, South Africa

Asia-PacificPhilippines, Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Mongolia, Bangladesh,

Cambodia, Pakistan, Malaysia

Arab StatesEgypt, Morocco

Caribbean Belize, Suriname, Trinidad

CEE/CISRussia, Kyrgyzstan

Latin AmericaPeru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela

Other Belgium, UK, Canada, France, Italy, Scotland, Israel, Spain,

Switzerland, Germany

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

key strategies
KEY STRATEGIES
  • Capacity building and skill development
  • Research and analysis
  • Policy and data advocacy
  • Partnership building and networking

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

entry points for gbi s
ENTRY POINTS FOR GBI’s

Ministries of Finance:

  • Changes in budget processes and systems introduced in a number of countries
      • Guidelines for incorporating gender in budgets in Ecuador (local level - Quito), Nepal, Uganda, Venezuela
      • Call circulars include instructions to include a gender perspective in line ministries proposals - India
      • Gender report annexed to the budget - India, Morocco, France

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

entry points for gbi s14
ENTRY POINTS FOR GBI’s

Sectoral ministries:

  • Concrete changes in allocations
  • Sustained capacity building in select line Ministries for mainstreaming gender in planning, programming and budgeting
  • National women’s machineries taking leading role in monitoring line ministry performance and budgets
  • Gender analysis of sectoral budgets from outside government for advocacy by women’s groups

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

entry points for gbi s15
ENTRY POINTS FOR GBI’s

Civil society:

  • Advocacy with national and local governments resulting in concrete changes in allocations
  • Capacity building for national and local government: sensitizing planning and budgeting processes
  • Establishing monitoring mechanisms
  • Advocacy with members of parliament

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

entry points for gbi s16
ENTRY POINTS FOR GBI’s

Local Government

  • Creating space for women’s participation in annual budget meeting and budgeting process
  • Data collection regarding priority needs
  • Costing and time use exercises for budget advocacy work

Parliaments:

  • Creating spaces for dialogue with women’s groups
  • Raising gender issues during budget discussion
  • In monitoring corruption and budget execution

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

lessons change is possible when
LESSONS: CHANGE IS POSSIBLE WHEN…

Partnerships and multi-actor approaches support complementary roles, ensure sustainability and effectiveness of interventions for introducing effective change in policies and capacities:

  • civil society
  • government (MoF and line ministries),
  • MPs
  • media
  • economic policy actors (WB, IMF)
  • Pro poor budget groups

Policy focus Sector/ issue based initiatives have greater potential for demonstrating impact (Women’s health, HIV/AIDS, water, fuel, VAW)

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

lessons
LESSONS:
  • Gender budget analysis in not only about budgets. There needs to be stronger connection to macro economic policy analysis using budgets as entry points (national development plans, fiscal reform, sectoral reform, aid, Trade, Debt, Decentralization...etc.)
  • GRB is an evolving tool that is yet to show its full potential (MDGs, unpaid care, aid effectiveness...etc.)
  • Working towards gender responsive budgets is a long term process that requires an integrative approach
  • Knowledge building and development needs to be a continuous priority

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program

key challenges
KEY CHALLENGES:
  • Data availability and transparency: either in accessing budget information or in availability of sex-disaggregated data
  • Public sector staff capacity needs (gender analysis, and time)
  • Capacity of gender advocates in relation to economic policies.
  • Partnership between gender advocates and ministries of finance assumes an environment of good governance and participation
  • Competing government agendas and pressures, including fiscal reform agenda, economic performance demands, PRSP, MDG, make gender budgeting look like an additional burden

UNIFEM Gender Responsive Budgeting Program