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Municipalities – Homeowners in Russia. Prof. Yelena Shomina State University –Higher School of Economics eshomina@hse.ru. Key figures. Total volume of the housing stock in the R F – 3117 mln. m 2 About 73 % is in urban areas About 27 % is in rural areas

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municipalities homeowners in russia

Municipalities – Homeowners in Russia

Prof. Yelena Shomina

State University –Higher School of Economics

eshomina@hse.ru

key figures
Key figures

Total volume of the housing stock in the R F – 3117 mln. m2

About 73 % is in urban areas

About 27 % is in rural areas

  • Average dwelling space per inhabitant 22,4 m²
  • About100 mln. m² - dilapidated housing stock –(3% of total )
slide4

Number of families, registered for municipal flat is 2 864 400 families

  • Families, improved their housing conditions in 2009, of all registered – 5 %
slide6

Municipal housing stock and municipalities as homeowners or landlords are comparatively new phenomena in Russia.

the modern tendencies in housing field
The modern tendencies in housing field
  • municipalisation of state housing stock
  • privatization of the state and municipal housing stock
  • deterioration of housing stock and other municipal buildings as a result of inadequate finance of its maintenance
the last 20 years main tendencies
The last 20 years main tendencies
  • shift from paternalistic to market housing policy
  • Municipalisation – transfer of company-housing stock (both industrial and agricultural ) to municipalities (usually old and in bad conditions)
privatization
Privatization
  • of housing stock –transfer of municipal housing stock to the sitting tenants free of charge -started in Russia in 1991 and will be finished by March 1, 2013
municipal main spheres of responsibilities in housing field
Municipal main spheres of responsibilities in housing field
  • Housing construction and housing supply for special groups
  • Maintenance and management of existing municipal housing stock
key figures 2
Key figures -2
  • The waiting list for improving living conditions comprises 4427.7 households or 8.7% of the totalnumber .
  • Over the last year 230 th. or 5.2% of the waitlisted households improved their living conditions.
  • Evident, that if the current tendency is maintained to satisfy the waitinglist families will require about 20 years.
key figures 21
Key figures -2
  • The waiting list for improving living conditions comprises 4427.7 households or 8.7% of the totalnumber .
  • Over the last year 230 th. or 5.2% of the waitlisted households improved their living conditions.
  • if the current tendency is maintained to satisfy the waitinglist families will require about 20 years.
slide18

We do not have adequate and affordable municipal housing stock

  • Social rental housing – new idea
  • Existing municipal housing stock is in bad condition
  • “Normal” municipal housing stock is disappearing as a result of privatization
slide19
У муниципалитетов большое поле ответственности в жилищной сфере
  • В России практически не было муниципальной жилищной политики
at the beginning of 90 s
At the beginning of 90-s
  • Deteriorating economic conditions in Russia caused a massive, "one-time" transfer of company housing to municipalities,
  • municipalities became the key homeowners in Russia,
  • but usually without adequate financing for maintenance of their housing stock. Municipalities were not ready to maintain these old houses and did not hurry to take it.
slide21
Изменение задач муниципалитетов
  • Обеспечение муниципальным жильем всех
  • Забота о повышении качества муниципального жилья
  • Забота только об «особых группах
  • жителей»
  • Тесное взаимодействие с социальной сферой
municipal housing stock regional dimensions of all housing stock
Municipal housing Stock, regional dimensions, % of all housing Stock
  • Federal Okrug S th. m2,2009 % -07
  • Central 123268 12,5
  • North-west 64653 15,4South 295196,0
  • Privolzhsky114252 15,4
  • Urals 46052 15,4
  • Siberian 130209 14,7
  • Far East 3718322,6
municipal housing s in mln and
Municipal housing S in mln.м²and %

In Russian federation 541872- 100%

  • In urban municipalities 481978 89 %
  • In rural municipalities 59894 – 11%

Источник: Федеральная служба государственной статистики за2009 г, см.www.gks.ru

municipal housing stock in different regions mln m
Municipal Housing Stock in different regions mln m²
  • Novosibirsk region –67,727
  • Moscow region –39,
  • Tatarstan – 25,
  • Sverdlovskaya – 19,
  • Leningradskaya 18
  • Bashkiria,Tulskaya, Arkhangelskaya,Nizegorodskaya, Samarskaya, Irkutskaya, Krasnoyarskiy, Khabarovskiy –

10 -12 .

n of families waiting for municipal flat
N of families, waiting for municipal flat
  • Russia – total -2 864 400 families
municipsl housing sock in rural municipalities
Municipsl housing Sock in Rural municipalities
  • S total about 60 mln m².
  • Novosibirsk region –about 4mln.m²
  • Krasnoyarsk region – about 2 mln. m²
municipal housing stock in different cities expert evaluation
Municipal housing stock in different cities – expert evaluation
  • Lipetsk 43000 m², about 25%
  • Smolents - about 40%
  • Ribinsk - 39 %
  • Novosibirsk 6567700m² - 26.6 %.
  • Pokachi (UGRA) 90 %
housing problems of municipalities
Housing problems of municipalities

Municipalities do not have enough flats

  • The quality of municipal housing stock is rather low
  • Up to 80% of all municipal flats could be considered as the dilapidated housing stock
  • Municipalities have no own money for major repairing works
  • State Repairing Fund provided some money for repairing works under very serious conditions
municipal problems in the housing field
Municipal problems in the housing field
  • Municipalities have no money for new housing construction
  • Not enough capacities for provision of electricity or water
  • Anti-social behavior and vandalism of residents
slide36
Зачем муниципалитету свое жилье?
  • Это его собственность, его имущество
  • Возможность предоставления жилья социально-незащищенным семьям и ключевым работникам
  • Чем выше доля муниципального жилья в многоквартирном доме – тем легче создавать «ручные ТСЖ»
block 4 housing reform s shift from paternalistic to market housing policy
Block 4. Housing Reforms - Shift from paternalistic to market housing policy
  • Transfer of responsibilities for personal housing conditions from the state to citizens
  • Support only “vulnerable” groups of population
  • Privatization of the housing stock and creation of housing market
slide38
Социальные квартиросъемщики в России
  • Ими могут быть только малоимущие граждане
  • Они признаются таковыми органом местного самоуправления
  • «с учетом дохода, приходящегося на каждого члена семьи, и стоимости имущества, находящегося в собственности членов семьи и подлежащего налогообложению»
  • В некоторых городах для этих категорий малоимущих жителей стали переделывать общежития
slide39
Почему люди не приватизируют жилье?
  • Нежелание «возиться с приватизацией»
  • Нет особой нужды
  • Нет времени
  • плохое качество муниципального жилья – «нечего приватизировать»
slide40
Почему люди не приватизируют квартиры
  • Семейные конфликты и отсутствие договоренности относительно будущих прав собственности
  • Пожилые люди боятся, что приватизированная квартира станет для кого-то привлекательной, и они просто окажутся на улице
  • Пожилые и иные социально-незащищенные люди полагают, что если они останутся в статусе нанимателей, то государство поможет им с содержанием жилищ и расходами на коммунальные платежи
slide42
Наниматели в ТСЖ
  • От них пора избавиться!
  • Надо заставить приватизировать квартиры!
  • Опыт Томска!
slide43
РАНЖ
  • Создана Российская Ассоциация нанимателей жилья
  • www.ranj.ru
  • cspyar@mail.com
  • Тел./факс: +7 (4852) 726533, 731108
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