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Session 2. Passage I Applying for a New Boss. Lead in. Lead in. French Revolution. Warm up Questions. Lead in. French Revolution

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slide1

Session 2

Passage I

Applying for a New Boss

slide2

Lead in

Lead in

French Revolution

Warm up Questions

slide3

Lead in

French Revolution

The French Revolution (1789–1799) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe.

warm up questions
Warm-up Questions

Lead in

1. When you are having a job interview,

what you should pay attention to?

2. What kind of boss do you expect to

work with?

I should pay attention to my appearance,

attitude, behavior and the most

important, the responses to the

questions.

(Open.)

slide5

Intensive Study

Class Discussion

Word Study

Sentence Structure

slide6

Class Discussion

Question for Para. 1:

What is the author’s opinion about a good teacher?

(The teacher should present a subject in a way that makes it come alive.)

slide7

Class Discussion

Question for Para. 2:

What is the author’s opinion about a great boss?

(He should know how to teach just like a teacher.)

slide8

Class Discussion

Question for Para. 3:

What’s the author’s advice to job hunters?

(Don’t interview for the right job, but for the right boss.)

slide9

Class Discussion

Question for Para. 4:

What qualities should a great boss have?

(First he can help the people around him get promoted. Second he should have a sense of humor and be good at communicating with others.)

slide10

Class Discussion

Question for Para. 5:

Why does the author think Angela is the best boss he has ever had?

(Because she often let others know what she wanted to do and why.)

slide11

Class Discussion

Question for Para. 6:

What does Tom mean by saying “You can sleep when you are dead.”?

(He means that you should work hard as long as you are alive.)

slide12

Class Discussion

Question for Para. 7:

What’s the main idea of this paragraph?

(If you don’t like the boss you have interviewed with, you may give up the job and try to find the boss you like.)

slide13

Summary of a great boss

Features of a great boss:

1. He can turn the day-to-day uninteresting

jobs into __________________.

2. He can convince you that

___________________________________.

3. He can give you ___________.

4. He is willing and able to

_____________________________.

5. He can both give ______________.

a teaching experience

you and what you are doing actually matter

confidence

help you grow professionally

respect and earn it

slide14

Text

Applying for a New Boss

Para.1When I went off to college, I got one piece of advice from my father: “It doesn’t matter what courses you take, just find the great professors.” Sure enough, I soon discovered that all kinds of subjects were interesting to me as long as good teachers presented them. In Professor Weinstein’s class, I couldhear the tumbrels rolling through the streets of Paris during the French Revolution.

slide15

Text

Applying for a New Boss

Para.1 And going back further, I can still recall things about the stars that I should have long ago forgotten if not for my second-grade teacher, Miss Scorchiotti. To me, a great teacher is one who performs a subject in a way that makes it come alive.

1

slide16

Text

Applying for a New Boss

Para.2A great boss does the same. They turn the day-to-day uninteresting jobs into a learning experience. They convince you that you and what you are doing actually matter. They give you confidence, which makes you more willing to ask a question, or assume responsibility, or even suggest a change in some age-old company process. In short, a great boss knows how to teach.

slide17

Text

Applying for a New Boss

Para.3So my advice to anyone bound for the job market in the coming years and to anyone looking for a different work experience is: Don’t interview for the right job. Interview for the right boss. Not a best person, but someone who is willing and able to help you grow professionally.

slide18

Text

Applying for a New Boss

  • Para.4 What are some signs of the wrong boss? Well, anyone who:
  • Is surrounded by the same team year after year. If you’re such a good teacher, why aren’t these people moving on and getting promoted?
  • Is short of a sense of humor. Life is short. Work is hard. Let’s lighten up when facing something difficult.
  • Loves typing. Hates talking. Why are you emailing me when I sit across the hall?
slide19

Text

Applying for a New Boss

Para.5 Who are the best bosses I ever had? Angela, my first boss out of college, was very clever and outspoken. She ruffled feathers around the company but was eager to let me in on what she thought and why.

2

slide20

Text

Applying for a New Boss

Para.6 My boss Tom used to say: “You can sleep when you’re dead.” Working for Tom was just a bit exhausting. But he was also unbelievably straightforward, and quick to ask advice and give it. We often had different opinions, yet our discussions helped both of us learn more about what we were trying to perform. A great boss both gives respect and earns it.  

slide21

Applying for a New Boss

Text

Para.7 And how do you know when you’ve found the right boss? Be yourself with them and see if the self they are with you is someone you want to learn from for a couple of years. If that person is dull or dogmatic in an interview, guess what they’re going to be like Monday through Friday? Interviewees are on their best behavior in that setting, but so are interviewers. You don’t like what you see? The power is yours. Go out and interview another boss.  

3

slide22

Text

Applying for a New Boss

  • 1. (Para. 1) And going back further, I can still recall things
  • about the stars that I should have long ago forgotten if not for
  • my second-grade teacher, Miss Scorchiotti....  
  • Analysis:
  • That introduces a relative clause to modify the stars, followed by
  • an if-clause of condition. Attention should be paid to the
  • subjunctive mood used here: should have forgotten,… with the
  • Latter part being an elliptical clause which can be assumed to be
  • if it were not for…
  • Translation:
  • 再早些,我仍然记得有关星体的知识,若不是由于我二年级的斯高奇
  • 奥迪老师,我早就将其忘光了。
  • Examples:
  • If not for your help, we couldn’t have finished the experiment
  • successfully.  

Para.1 And going back further, I can still recall things about the stars that I should have long ago forgotten if not for my second-grade teacher, Miss Scorchiotti. To me, a great teacher is one who performs a subject in a way that makes it come alive.

1

slide23

Text

Applying for a New Boss

Para.5 Who are the best bosses I ever had? Angela, my first boss out of college, was very clever and outspoken. She ruffled feathers around the company but was eager to let me in on what she thought and why.

  • 2. (Para. 5) She ruffled feathers around the company but was
  • eager to let me in on what she thought and why.  
  • Analysis:
  • Ruffle feathers is used here figuratively to meanbecome
  • annoyed. The phrase let sb. in on sth. means to allow to share
  • or to know a secret.
  • Translation:
  • 她对公司上下指指点点,但却愿意让我了解她的想法和做事的原因。
  • Examples:
  • Don’t get your feathers ruffled about it. You are not the boss here.  
  • I’ll let you in on a little secret: I’ve never been there.  

2

slide24

Applying for a New Boss

Text

Para.7 And how do you know when you’re found the right boss? Be yourself with them and see if the self they are with you is someone you want to learn from for a couple of years. If that person is dull or dogmatic in an interview, guess what they’re going to be like Monday through Friday? Interviewees are on their best behavior in that setting, but so are interviewers. You don’t like what you see? The power is yours. Go out and interview another boss.  

  • 3. (Para. 7) Be yourself with them and see if the self they are
  • with you is someone you want to learn from for a couple of years.
  • Analysis:
  • Be yourself means behave naturally. The self is used as the subject
  • in the if-clause, they are with you is a relative clause modifying self
  • with that omitted.
  • Translation:
  • 要与他们自然相处,看一看与你相处的人是否是你这两三年来想要
  • 学习的人。
  • Examples:
  • You should be yourself if you want the audience to like your speech.  

3

slide25

Word Study

present v.

give away; introduce; show; put forward

for consideration

FOR EXAMPLE:

He presented her with a signed copy of his book.  

He had the honor of being presented to the Chairman.  

This report ought to be presented in greater detail and in clearer language.  

slide26

Word Study

recall v.

remember; call back sth.; send for or take back

FOR EXAMPLE:

I recalled that my luggage had been taken away.  

The government recalled the general after he lost the battle.  

slide27

Word Study

perform v.

carry out; act or show in a play;

FOR EXAMPLE:

He performed a dance for them on stage.  

Our team performed very well in the match yesterday.  

The new machine is performing very well.  

slide28

Word Study

convince v.

cause sb. to believe or feel certain; persuade

FOR EXAMPLE:

We convinced Anne to go by train rather than by plane.  

It’s going to be hard to convince my wife that we can’t afford a new car.  

This has convinced her of the serious situation.  

slide29

Word Study

assume v.

suppose; begin to use; take upon oneself; pretend to be

FOR EXAMPLE:

I was often mistakenly assumed to be a Welshman because of my surname.  

I assumed that he could read.  

You’ll assume your new duties next week.  

slide30

Word Study

bound a.

certain; having a firm intention; have a duty to obey; intend to travel to

FOR EXAMPLE:

You are bound to succeed.  

He is bound to go, and nothing can stop him.  

We are bound by the government’s pay policy.  

I’m bound to say, he is a very honest person.  

The ship is bound for Shaoguan City.  

slide31

Word Study

promote v.

advance in position or rank; bring goods

to public notice in order to increase sales;

help in the growth

FOR EXAMPLE:

The company could do more to promote its production growth.  

He was recently promoted to General Manager.  

Milk promotes health.  

slide32

Practice

Read and Think

Read and Complete

Read and Translate

Read and Simulate

slide33

Read and Think

1. Answer the following questions

according to the passage.  

1. What did the author’s father advise him to do before he went to college?

He advised him to choose great professors.  

slide34

Read and Think

2. What’s the author’s general idea about a good boss?

A good boss knows how to teach.  

3. In the author’s opinion, what should also be the purpose of an interview for a candidate?  

To look for a right boss.  

slide35

Read and Think

4. Why did the author like his first boss?  

Because she could make him know her ideas and the reasons for doing things.  

5. Why is it possible to find the right boss in an interview?  

Because at the same time you are also interviewing the interviewer.  

slide36

Read and Complete

2. Fill in the blanks without referring to the passage.  

Great bosses turn the day-to-day uninteresting jobs into a 1 ________ experience. They convince you that you and what you are doing actually2 ________. They give you confidence, which makes you more 3 ________ to ask a question, or assume responsibility, or even 4 ________ a change in some age-old company 5 ________. In short, a great boss knows how to 6 ________.  

learning

matter

willing

suggest

process

teach

slide37

responsibility, or even suggest a change in some

age-old company process.

Read and Complete

3. Complete the outline according to the passage.

1. A good boss works in the same way as a

great teacher does. They

a.  turn the routine jobs into ________________;

b. convince you ____________________________

_______________ ;

c. make you _____________________________

_______________________________________

________________________

a learning experience

that you and what you are doing  

 actually matter

more willing to ask a question, assume

slide38

Read and Complete

2. In a word, a great boss

a. knows _____________;

b. both gives __________________.

how to teach

respect and earns it

3. A wrong boss

a. is surrounded_______________________.

b. is short of__________________.

c. loves __________________ and hates

____________.

by the same team year after year

a sense of humor

typing

talking

slide39

Read and Complete

4 Fill in the blanks with the proper words and expressions given below, changing the form if necessary.

present bound for matter recall come alive

perform lighten up assume eager convince

1. The winner of the election __________ the office of senator.

assumed

slide40

Read and Complete

present bound for matter recall come alive

perform lighten up assume eager convince

lightened up

2. The old man ____________ when he heard the news of the successful operation on his son.

3. On seeing the pictures, he began to ______ his experiences during World War II.

recall

slide41

Read and Complete

present bound for matter recall come alive

perform lighten up assume eager convince

4. About 200 heart operations a year _____________ in Brook Hospital.

are performed

5. He is such a good story-teller that he can

make his characters __________.

come alive

slide42

Read and Complete

present bound for matter recall come alive

perform lighten up assume eager convince

6. Our teacher was trying to __________ an accurate picture of history.

7. He put her aboard the ship __________ New York.  

present

bound for

slide43

Read and Complete

present bound for matter recall come alive

perform lighten up assume eager convince

8. It took them a few years to ________ me that it was possible.

convince

9. The children were _______ to see the performance.

eager

slide44

Read and Complete

present bound for matter recall come alive

perform lighten up assume eager convince

  • Your happiness, that is the only thing that
  • ________.

matters

slide45

Read and Translate

5 Translate the following sentences into English.

1. 只要你做好准备,面试时你就会充满自

信。

as long as

You will be full of confidence during the interview as long as you are well prepared.

slide46

Read and Translate

fake goods

2. 这家商店向顾客允诺绝不卖假货,而且

它确实做到了。

sure enough

The shop promised its customers that it would never sell fake goods, and sure enough it did so.

slide47

Read and Translate

3. 由于他努力工作,最近他被提升为部门

经理。

promote

Because he is working hard, he has been promoted to the position of department manager.

slide48

Read and Translate

4. 他受到大家的尊重,因为他有很强的正

义感。

a sense of justice

He is respected by others because he has a strong sense of justice.

slide49

Read and Translate

5. 汤姆叔叔在病中,所以我们现在不想让

他知道这个消息。

let ... in on

Because Uncle Tom is ill, we don’t want to let him in on the news right now.

slide50

Read and Translate

6. 一个好的上司应当鼓励他的助手坦率地

发表意见。

be outspoken

A good boss should encourage his assistants to be outspoken in expressing their opinions.

slide51

Read and Simulate

6. Pay attention to the italicized part in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.

slide52

Read and Simulate

1.It doesn’t matter what courses you take, just find out the great professors.

It doesn’t matter where you go, just come back before 10 o’clock.

Now you try:

结果多糟糕都没关系,只要绝不失去信心就行。

你用什么方法告诉她这个消息都没关系,只要能使她情绪稳定就好。

It doesn’t matter how bad the result is, just never lose your confidence.

It doesn’t matter how you tell her the news, just make her calm.

slide53

Read and Simulate

2. They turn the day-to-day work into a learning experience.

The students like Professor Wang very much, for he can turn complicated problems into easy ones.

Now you try:

他们尽了最大努力将他们原来的小公司发展成为一个大公司。

谁能将这篇文章译成英语?

They made every effect to turn their small firm into a big one.

Who can turn this article into English?

slide54

Read and Simulate

3. They convince you that you and what you are doing

actually matter.  

The city government has convinced the public that the

housing problem will soon be solved .  

Now you try:

他的妈妈使他相信这个问题很严重。

你所做的事情使我相信你说话总是算数的。

His mother convinced him that the problem was very serious.

What you did convinced me that you always keep your words.

slide55

Read and Simulate

4. A great boss both gives respect and earns it.  

She both plays the piano and sings.  

Now you try:

这些危险对男人和对女人都构成威胁。

前景既使我兴奋又使我担忧。

These are dangers that threaten both men and women.

The prospects both excited and worried me.

slide56

Read and Simulate

  • Be yourself with them and see if the self they are with
  • you is someone you want to learn from for a couple of years.
  • Phone her up and see if she can come tonight.

Now you try:

到你叔叔家去一趟,看看他是否需要你帮忙。

学习再用功一些,看看你是否会取得更大进步。

Go to your uncle’s home and see if he needs your help.

Study harder and see if you can make more progress.

slide57

Read and Simulate

6. If you are such a good teacher, why aren’t these

people moving on and getting promoted?

If you have exams tomorrow, why aren’t you

studying?

Now you try:

如果你对足球感兴趣,为什么不去看比赛?

如果他是我的一个中学同学,我为什么会不认识他?

If you are interested in football, why don’t you go to watch the match?

If he was one of my classmates in high school, why don’t I know him?

slide58

Assignments

1. Prepare your oral presentation for

the next class. Topic:

The teacher(s) I like best.

Tell your classmates which teacher(s)

you like best and give your reasons.

2. Remember the new words in

Passage I.

3. Read Passage I for several times.

4. Do all the exercises after Passage I.