Chapter 5. Civil Rights. Civil Rights. Rights rooted in the 14 th Amendments’ guarantee of equal protection under the law (equal treatment) Recall civil liberties as limits on government action What the government must do to ensure equal protection
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Prohibited by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Applies even to “protective policies,” policies designed to protect women of child-bearing age
Sexual harassment = unwanted physical or verbal conduct or abuse of a sexual nature that interferes with a recipient’s job performance, creates a hostile environment, or carries an implicit or explicit threat of adverse employment consequences
Wage discrimination = women earn 76 cents for every $1.00 earned by men despite the Equal Pay Act requiring equal pay for equal work
Glass ceiling = phenomenon of women holding few of the top positions in professions or businesses
Question: What additional policies are needed to promote gender equality?Gender-Based Discrimination in the Workplace