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Unit 2 Test Review. Physical Geography. Straight. Isthmus. Peninsula. Typhoon. AKA: Hurricane In the Western Pacific and Indian Ocean. Doldrums. Orographic Effect. Oasis.

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unit 2 test review

Unit 2 Test Review

Physical Geography

typhoon
Typhoon
  • AKA: Hurricane
  • In the Western Pacific and Indian Ocean.
oasis
Oasis

Area in deserts where fresh water springs bring water to the surface. Allows for human habitation in hostile areas.

solstice
Solstice

When sun directly shines on either the Tropic of Cancer or the Tropic of Capricorn. Signifies the start of summer or winter.

equinox
Equinox

When the sun’s rays shine directly on the Equator. Signifies the start of fall or spring.

weathering
Weathering

Mechanical

Chemical

el nino
El Nino

Warmer than usual water temperatures in the Pacific. Leads to warmer/colder than usual land temperatures and too much or too little rain/snow. Severity of storms can increase as well.

plate tectonics
Plate Tectonics

Results:

Earthquakes

Volcanos

Tsunamis

Trenches

Mountains

Rift Valleys – (Divergent movement)

earth s 4 spheres
Earth’s 4 Spheres
  • Hydrosphere: All the Water
  • Lithosphere: All the land
  • Atmosphere: All the air
  • Biosphere: All the living plants and animals.
where on the earth orographic effect
Where on the Earth: Orographic Effect.
  • Atlas Mountains/Sahara Desert
  • Sierra Nevada Mountains/Death Valley
  • Andes Mountains/Atacama Desert
  • Himalayan Mountains/Deserts of Western china/Mongolia
climate variation
Climate Variation

Latitude

Ocean Currents

Elevation

where do people settle
Where do people Settle?
  • River Valleys and the Plains next to them.
low middle and high latitudes
Low, Middle, and high latitudes
  • Low: Between the Tropics – Hot and Humid all year
  • Middle: Between the Tropics and the Circles – Temperate/Seasonal
  • High: Between the Circles and the Poles: Very cold year round

Warm and Wet

Cold-24 hours of light or dark depending on the season

Temperate-Not too hot or too cold

climate and vegetation patterns
Climate and vegetation Patterns

Tropical

Rainforest

Deciduous

Forest

Tundra

Desert

tilt and seasons
Tilt and Seasons
  • When it is summer here, what is it in Japan? In Australia? In Argentina?
  • When it is fall here, what is it in Europe, South Africa?

Southern

Hemisphere

Summer

Fall

Winter

Spring

Northern Hemisphere

Winter

Spring

Summer

Fall

how landforms are made
How landforms are made
  • Fjords
  • Ayres Rock

Glaciers

Folding

weathering and erosion
Weathering and erosion
  • Chemical and Mechanical Weathering
  • Wind, Water, and Glaciers
water cycle
Water cycle
  • Evaporation
  • Condensation
  • Precipitation
the atmosphere
The atmosphere
  • 78 percent Nitrogen
  • 21 percent Oxygen
  • 1 percent other

Impact of humans:

Pollution can change the percentages, lowering the oxygen that we have available.

Rainforest destruction also cuts the amount of oxygen produced by plants.